Statistical summary: Pipeline transportation occurrences in 2018

Table of contents

This document is a summary of selected 2018 pipeline transportation safety data. It covers federally regulated pipelines only. Any non-federally regulated pipeline data reported to the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) are not included in this report.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyze safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

It should be noted that certain characteristics of the data constrain statistical analysis and identification of emerging trends. These include the small totals of accidents and incidents, the large variability in the data from year to year, and changes to regulations and definitions. The reader is cautioned to keep these limitations in mind when viewing this summary to avoid drawing conclusions that cannot be supported by statistical analysis.

The 2018 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.Footnote 1

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB PODS database at 13 March 2019. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database as additional information becomes available, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information regarding some of the reported occurrences recorded in the database may not have been verified by the TSB.

The pipeline system

In 2018, in the federally-regulated pipeline system, 40 companies transported 220 million cubic metresFootnote 2 of oil through approximately 17 500 km of oil pipelines (including 19 companies that transported both oil and gas). Also in 2018, 83 companies transported over 185 billion cubic metres of gas through approximately 51 900 km of gas pipelines (including 19 companies that transported both oil and gas). A further 1110 km of pipelines carried other commodities and substances. Altogether, this represents approximately 17.4 exajoules (EJ) of energy content transported.Footnote 3

Pipeline transportation occurrences

In 2018, there were 111 pipeline transportation occurrences reported to the TSB, including 1 accident, which is below the average number of occurrences for the previous 10 years. Between 2008 and 2017, there were, on average, 133 occurrences reported each year, or 126 incidents and 7 accidents per year. Furthermore, there were no serious injuries or fatalities arising directly from the operation of any federally-regulated pipeline in 2018. In fact, there have been no fatal accidents on a federally regulated pipeline system directly resulting from the operation of a pipeline since the inception of the TSB in 1990.

Figure 1. Number of TSB reportable accidents and incidents (per reporting requirements in effect at the time), 2008 to 2018
Figure 1. Data table
Number of TSB reportable accidents and incidents (per reporting requirements in effect at the time), 2008 to 2018
Year Accidents Incidents
2008 6 84
2009 15 119
2010 11 144
2011 5 167
2012 7 173
2013 11 121
2014 5 117
2015 0 110
2016 0 104
2017 5 123
2018 1 109

Release of product

Of 111 occurrences in 2018, 42 involved a release of product. This is considerably fewer than the average of 99 per year over the previous 10 years. The single accident in 2018 involved a rupture and fire on a sweet natural gas pipeline in the vicinity of Prince George, BC. The products released in the remaining 41 incidents were as follows: 35 hydrocarbon gas (29 were sweet natural gas and 6 were sour or acid gas), 4 low vapour pressure (LVP) hydrocarbons (3 were crude oil and 1 was diesel fuel), 1 high vapour pressure (HVP) hydrocarbons (propane), and 1 released a non-hydrocarbon (brine). It is worth noting that 69 occurrences in 2018 did not involve a release of product whereas the average number of occurrences without release has been 31 per year over the past 10 years.

Figure 2. Occurrences with and without release of product, by type of product released, 2018
Occurrences with and without release of product, by type of product released, 2018
Figure 2. Data table
Occurrences with and without release of product, by type of product released, 2018
Gas: Sour or acid 6
Natural gas 30
HVP: Natural gas liquids / Liquefied petroleum gas 1
LVP: Condensate 0
Sour Condensate 0
Crude oil 3
Sour crude oil 0
Refined products 1
Other: Gas 0
Liquid 1
No release of product No release of product 69

Event type

In 2018, 44 incidents (40% of 110 total incidents) involved “geotechnical, hydrotechnical or other environmental activity”, for example, slope movements or river erosion that exposed a length of pipe. This is a significant increase from 16 reports of this type in 2017 and well above the average of 3 such events per year over the previous 10 years. These may be related to increased company enforcement, combined with increased company inspections and reporting, as well as changes to weather patterns. Thirteen of the 110 incidents involved “operation of the pipeline beyond specified limits”, which is on par with the average of 14 incidents of this type over the previous 10 years. There were 9 reports of pipelines being “contacted by other objects” in 2018, an increase over 4 such reports in 2017 and above the average of 5 reports per year during the previous 10 years. “Fire” was an event in 5 occurrences (4 incidents and 1 accident) during 2018, compared to 8 occurrences in 2017, and the average of 9 such occurrences during the previous 10 years.

Geography

The largest number of occurrences in 2018 (48 of 111) took place in British Columbia. Alberta had 31 occurrences and Ontario had 20. The remaining 12 occurrences were distributed across five provinces: Nova Scotia (2), New Brunswick (2), Quebec (1), Manitoba (3), and Saskatchewan (4). Looking closely at occurrences where product was released, the mix of products released varied geographically in Canada.

During the 11 years from 2008 to 2018, there have been 1060 occurrences across the country with releases of product. Half of those releases (527) were of hydrocarbon gas. Almost all product releases in New Brunswick (96%) and Nova Scotia (95%) involved hydrocarbon gases. Ontario (69%), Alberta (55%), and British Columbia (54%) had a broader mix of products released, but still a majority of releases were of gas. LVP hydrocarbons such as crude oil, condensate, or refined products were the next most commonly released substances, accounting for 35% of the 1060 total occurrences. LVP products accounted for 70% of occurrences with release in Saskatchewan, 66% in the Northwest Territories, 60% in Quebec, and 58% in Manitoba. HVP hydrocarbons accounted for less than 5% of all product releases over the 11-year period, and other (non-hydrocarbon) products such as sulphur or other products were involved in about 10% of all occurrences with releases during the period.

Figure 3. Occurrences with release of product, by province or territory and type of product released, 2008 to 2018
Occurrences with release of product, by province or territory and type of product released, 2008 to 2018
Figure 3. Data table
Occurrences with release of product, by province or territory and type of product released, 2008 to 2018
Type of Product Released (2008 to 2018) Northwest
Territories
British
Columbia
Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec New Brunswick Nova Scotia
GAS 1 114 158 33 23 94 4 81 19
HVP 4 6 8 20 6 4
LVP 25 9 119 135 46 31 6
OTHER 8 83 3 5 4 7 3 1

Facilities

During the 10-year period from 2008 to 2017, there were 937 occurrences (71%) at facilities and 389 (29%) at locations along pipeline. However, in 2018 more than half (62%) of the occurrences (69 of 110) occurred at locations along pipeline. This is due in part to the high number of reports of geotechnical, hydrotechnical or other environmental activity that affected sections of pipeline during the year. Of the 41 incidents at facilities in 2018, 18 occurred at compressor stations, 7 were at gas processing plants, 6 at meter stations, 4 at pump stations, and 6 at terminals.

Figure 4. Location of occurrences, 2018
 Location of occurrences, 2018
Figure 4. Data table
Location of occurrences, 2018
Facility Compressor station 18
Gas processing plant 7
Meter station 6
Pump station 4
Storage facility 0
Terminal 6
Receipt / Delivery facility 0
Other 0
Pipeline Gathering line 11
Transmission line 59

Pipeline occurrence rate

An occurrence rate of 1.6 per 1000 km of operating pipeline was calculated for 2018 based on the 111 occurrences reported and the 70 686 km of federally regulated pipelines that were operational in Canada according to the NEB during the same year. This statistic is down from 1.8 occurrences per 1000 km in 2017, and below the average of 1.9 occurrences per 1000 km since 2011.

Kendall's tau-b (τb) correlation coefficient is a nonparametric measure of the strength and direction of association that exists between two variables. Kendall's τb was calculated on the 8-year series of occurrence rate values by year from 2011 to 2018.Footnote 4 There was a strong, negative correlation that indicates a downward trend in occurrence rate per 1000 km over the period (τb = −0.5714, p = 0.0478). Sen's estimate of slope, the amount of downward rate change per year, was −0.136 occurrences per 1000 km per year.

Figure 5. Occurrence rate by year, with Sen's estimate of slope, 2011 to 2018
Occurrence rate by year, with Sen's estimate of slope, 2011 to 2018
Figure 5. Data table
Occurrence rate by year, with Sen's estimate of slope, 2011 to 2018
Year Occurrence rate Sen's estimate of slope (-0.136)
2011 2.503 2.325
2012 2.582 2.189
2013 1.865 2.053
2014 1.725 1.916
2015 1.553 1.780
2016 1.466 1.644
2017 1.797 1.507
2018 1.571 1.371

An alternative occurrence rate can be calculated using exajoules (EJ) of energy as a denominator. In 2018, the equivalent of 17.4 EJ of energy was transported in federally regulated pipelines. This translates to a rate of 6.4 occurrences per EJ in 2018, a figure which is below the 2017 rate of 7.5, and 33% below the prior 10-year average of 9.6 occurrences per EJ.

Figure 6. Number of TSB reportable occurrences (per reporting requirements in effect at the time) and occurrence rates, 2008 to 2018
Number of TSB reportable occurrences (per reporting requirements in effect at the time) and occurrence rates, 2008 to 2018
Figure 6. Data table
Number of TSB reportable occurrences (per reporting requirements in effect at the time) and occurrence rates, 2008 to 2018
Year Number of occurrences Occurrences per EJ Occurrences per 1000 km
2008 90 7.2  
2009 134 10.8  
2010 155 12.5  
2011 172 13.2  
2012 180 13.4 2.6
2013 132 9.4 1.9
2014 122 8.1 1.7
2015 110 7.0 1.6
2016 104 6.5 1.5
2017 127 7.5 1.8
2018 111 6.4 1.6

Data tables

Table 1. Pipeline occurrences by event type, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total number of occurrences 90 134 155 172 180 132 122 110 104 127 111
Total number of occurrences with product release 72 103 135 149 156 107 94 60 41 75 42
Total number of fatalities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total number of serious injuries 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Accidents 6 15 11 5 7 11 5 0 0 5 1
Product released 3 9 8 4 3 7 2 0 0 4 1
Release of hydrocarbon gas 0 6 3 2 3 5 2 0 0 0 1
Release of HVP hydrocarbons1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Release of LVP hydrocarbons2, 3 1 2 4 2 0 2 0 0 0 2 0
Release of other product 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Release from line pipe body 0 6 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 1 1
Fire 4 11 6 3 6 8 4 0 0 1 1
Explosion 0 2 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
Rupture 0 4 0 1 1 2 2 0 0 0 1
Pipeline contacted by an object 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0
Operation beyond limits 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Geotechnical/Hydrotechnical
/Environmental activity
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Incidents 84 119 144 167 173 121 117 110 104 122 110
Product released 69 94 127 145 153 100 92 60 41 71 41
Release of hydrocarbon gas 28 42 56 59 67 47 31 31 35 47 35
Release of HVP hydrocarbons1 1 1 2 5 2 5 7 8 4 10 1
Release of LVP hydrocarbons2, 3 30 35 60 72 78 35 36 4 1 3 4
Release of other product 10 16 9 9 6 13 18 17 1 11 1
Release from line pipe body 3 3 5 8 2 8 3 6 5 2 8
Fire 5 0 2 10 6 1 2 6 5 7 4
Explosion 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
Pipeline contacted by an object 6 10 2 1 4 3 6 7 7 4 9
Operation beyond limits 4 5 13 5 6 15 7 27 34 20 13
Geotechnical/Hydrotechnical
/Environmental activity
0 2 0 0 1 2 1 0 3 16 44
Unauthorized third-party activity affects pipeline structural integrity 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 0

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Notes:

  1. 1 HVP means high vapour pressure as defined in Canadian Standards Association Standard Z662.
  2. 2 LVP means low vapour pressure as defined in Canadian Standards Association Standard Z662.
  3. 3 As of July 2014, the minimum reporting threshold for releases of low vapour pressure hydrocarbons was established at 1.5 m³.
Table 2. Pipeline occurrences by province or territory, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Accidents 6 15 11 5 7 11 5 0 0 5 1
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ontario 1 5 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 1 0
Manitoba 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Alberta 0 4 4 1 2 6 2 0 0 2 0
British Columbia 4 4 3 0 2 2 1 0 0 1 1
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Incidents 84 119 144 167 173 121 117 110 104 122 110
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 1 5 2 3 2 3 3 0 2
New Brunswick 0 5 6 14 19 16 9 3 6 4 2
Quebec 2 4 2 2 1 3 1 8 7 4 1
Ontario 17 21 19 22 22 11 18 19 18 14 20
Manitoba 10 9 14 11 10 12 8 9 2 3 3
Saskatchewan 17 13 38 35 45 18 17 6 6 11 4
Alberta 16 36 50 55 45 35 35 30 37 36 31
British Columbia 19 26 13 11 18 17 27 30 24 50 47
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 2 5 1 12 11 6 0 2 1 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Occurrences 90 134 155 172 180 132 122 110 104 127 111

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Table 3. Pipeline occurrences by facility type or pipeline type, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Accidents 6 15 11 5 7 11 5 0 0 5 1
Facilities 6 8 9 3 6 8 2 0 0 3 0
Compressor station 2 3 5 0 3 4 2 0 0 0 0
Gas processing plant 2 3 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0
Meter station 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pump station 0 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Storage facility 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Terminal 1 0 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Receipt / Delivery facility 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pipeline 0 7 2 2 1 3 3 0 0 2 1
Gathering line 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Transmission line 0 6 1 2 0 3 3 0 0 2 1
Incidents 84 119 144 167 173 121 117 110 104 122 110
Facilities 62 93 105 129 132 86 94 75 50 66 41
Compressor station 20 32 26 22 31 15 18 16 12 23 18
Gas processing plant 8 8 5 3 6 11 21 21 3 20 7
Meter station 2 14 20 20 17 19 11 9 17 7 6
Pump station 20 26 30 48 37 19 22 17 9 10 4
Storage facility 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terminal 10 13 21 27 35 19 18 11 5 6 6
Receipt / Delivery facility 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Other 1 0 2 7 5 2 3 1 4 0 0
Pipeline 22 26 39 38 41 35 23 35 54 56 69
Gathering line 5 9 7 7 8 2 2 5 3 8 11
Transmission line 17 17 32 31 33 33 21 30 51 48 58
Total Occurrences 90 134 155 172 180 132 122 110 104 127 111
Data extracted 13 March 2019
Table 4. Pipeline occurrence rates, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Accidents 6 15 11 5 7 11 5 0 0 5 1
Incidents 84 119 144 167 173 121 117 110 104 122 110
Total number of occurrences 90 134 155 172 180 132 122 110 104 127 111
Total length of operating pipelines1 (x1000 km)       68.7 69.7 70.8 70.7 70.8 71.0 70.7 70.6
Accidents per 1000 km of operating pipelines       0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Incidents per 1000 km of operating pipelines       2.4 2.5 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6
Occurrences per 1000 km of operating pipelines       2.5 2.6 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.6
Total exajoules of energy transported1 (EJ) 12.5 12.4 12.4 13.1 13.4 14.0 15.0 15.6 16.1 16.8 17.4
Accidents per EJ 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1
Incidents per EJ 6.7 9.6 11.6 12.8 12.9 8.6 7.8 7.0 6.5 7.2 6.3
Occurrences per EJ 7.2 10.8 12.5 13.2 13.4 9.4 8.1 7.0 6.5 7.5 6.4

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Notes:

1 Source: National Energy Board (NEB)

Table 5. Pipeline occurrences with product release by type of product, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Hydrocarbon gas 28 48 59 61 70 52 33 31 35 47 36
Gas - sour or acid 2 8 2 3 5 3 3 10 2 7 6
Natural gas 26 40 57 58 65 49 30 21 33 40 30
HVP hydrocarbons 2 1 2 5 2 5 7 8 4 11 1
Natural gas liquids / Liquefied petroleum gas 2 1 2 5 2 5 7 8 4 11 1
LVP hydrocarbons1 31 37 64 74 78 37 36 4 1 5 4
Condensate 1 1 2 0 0 3 4 0 0 1 0
Condensate - sour 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crude oil 29 33 58 74 77 33 32 3 1 4 3
Crude oil - sour 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Refined products 1 3 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other products2 11 17 10 9 6 13 18 17 1 12 1
Other - unspecified 11 17 10 9 6 13 18 16 1 0 0
Other - gas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Other - liquid 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 1
Total Occurrences 72 103 135 149 156 107 94 60 41 75 42

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Notes:

1 As of July 2014, the minimum reporting threshold for releases of low vapour pressure hydrocarbons was established at 1.5 m³.

2 As of January 2017, "other products" are specified to be either liquid or gas.

Table 6. Pipeline occurrences with product release by quantity released, 2008-2018
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Hydrocarbon gas 28 48 59 61 70 52 33 31 35 47 36
100 m3 or less 27 45 59 54 69 48 26 20 24 21 20
101 to 30,000 m3 1 0 0 5 0 3 5 7 10 24 14
30,001 to 100,000 m3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0
100,001 to 1,000,000 m3 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 2
1,000,001 to 10,000,000 m3 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Greater than 10,000,000 m3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
HVP hydrocarbons 2 1 2 5 2 5 7 8 4 11 1
8 m³ or less 2 1 2 4 2 5 7 8 4 10 1
9 to 25 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
26 to 100 m³ 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
101 to 1000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1001 to 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greater than 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
LVP hydrocarbons1 31 37 64 74 78 37 36 4 1 5 4
1.5 m³ or less 23 30 60 67 76 34 29 0 0 0 2
1.6 to 8 m³ 5 5 0 6 1 2 4 2 1 1 2
9 to 25 m³ 2 0 2 0 0 1 2 1 0 2 0
26 to 100 m³ 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
101 to 1000 m³ 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1001 to 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Greater than 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other products 11 17 10 9 6 13 18 17 1 12 1
8 m³ or less 10 17 9 9 6 13 15 14 0 12 0
9 to 25 m³ 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0
26 to 100 m³ 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
101 to 1000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
1001 to 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greater than 10,000 m³ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total Occurrences 72 103 135 149 156 107 94 60 41 75 42

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Notes:

1 As of July 2014, the minimum reporting threshold for releases of low vapour pressure hydrocarbons was established at 1.5 m³.

Table 7. Pipeline occurrences by province or territory and type of product released, 2008-2018
No release of product Release of hydrocarbon gas Release of HVP hydrocarbons Release of LVP hydrocarbons1 Release of other product
Province or territory 2008-2017 average   2018 2008-2017 average   2018 2008-2017 average   2018 2008-2017 average   2018 2008-2017 average   2018
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0
Prince Edward Island 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0
Nova Scotia 0.1   1 1.5   1 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.1   0
New Brunswick 0.0   0 7.6   2 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.3   0
Quebec 2.4   1 0.4   0 0.0   0 0.6   0 0.0   0
Ontario 6.5   14 8.0   5 0.4   0 3.1   0 0.7   1
Manitoba 1.4   1 2.2   1 0.5   1 4.6   0 0.4   0
Saskatchewan 2.2   2 3.2   0 2.0   0 13.3   2 0.5   0
Alberta 12.1   18 13.7   12 0.8   0 11.8   1 0.3   0
British Columbia 5.6   32 9.7   15 0.6   0 0.8   1 8.3   0
Yukon 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0
Northwest Territories 0.4   0 0.1   0 0.4   0 2.5   0 0.8   0
Nunavut 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0 0.0   0
Total Occurrences 30.7   69 46.4   36 4.7   1 36.7   4 11.4   1

Data extracted 13 March 2019

Notes:

1 As of July 2014, the minimum reporting threshold for releases of low vapour pressure hydrocarbons was established at 1.5 m³.

Definitions

Before 1 July 2014

Before 1 July 2014 (under the previous TSB Regulations), pipeline transportation accidents and incidents were defined as follows:

Pipeline accidents

Reportable commodity pipeline accident means an accident resulting directly from the operation of a commodity pipeline, where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of being exposed to
    1. a fire, ignition or explosion, or
    2. a commodity released from the commodity pipeline, or
  2. the commodity pipeline
    1. sustains damage affecting the safe operation of the commodity pipeline as a result of being contacted by another object or as a result of a disturbance of its supporting environment,
    2. causes or sustains an explosion, or a fire or ignition that is not associated with normal operationg circumstances, or
    3. sustains damage resulting in the release of any commodity.

Pipeline incidents

Reportable commodity pipeline incident means an incident resulting directly from the operation of a commodity pipeline, where

  1. an uncontained and uncontrolled release of a commodity occurs,
  2. the commodity pipeline is operated beyond design limits,
  3. the commodity pipeline causes an obstruction to a ship or to a surface vehicle owing to a disturbance of its supporting environment,
  4. any abnormality reduces the structural integrity of the commodity pipeline below design limits,
  5. any activity in the immediate vicinity of the commodity pipeline poses a threat to the structural integrity of the commodity pipeline, or
  6. the commodity pipeline, or a portion thereof, sustains a precautionary or emergency shut-down for reasons that relate to or create a hazard to the safe transportation of a commodity;

As of 1 July 2014

On 1 July 2014, new reporting provisions of the TSB Regulations came into effect.  According to section 4(1) of the TSB Regulations, the operator of a pipeline must report the following pipeline occurrences to the Board if they result directly from the operation of the pipeline:

4 (1) The operator of a pipeline must report the following pipeline occurrences to the Board if they result directly from the operation of the pipeline:

  1. a person is killed or sustains a serious injury;
  2. the safe operation of the pipeline is affected by
    1. damage sustained when another object came into contact with it, or
    2. a fire or explosion or an ignition that is not associated with normal pipeline operations;
  3. an event or an operational malfunction results in
    1. an unintended or uncontrolled release of gas,
    2. an unintended or uncontrolled release of HVP hydrocarbons,
    3. an unintended or uncontained release of LVP hydrocarbons in excess of 1.5 m³, or
    4. an unintended or uncontrolled release of a commodity other than gas, HVP hydrocarbons or LVP hydrocarbons;
  4. there is a release of a commodity from the line pipe body;
  5. the pipeline is operated beyond design limits or any operating restrictions imposed by the National Energy Board;
  6. the pipeline restricts the safe operation of any mode of transportation;
  7. an unauthorized third party activity within the safety zone poses a threat to the safe operation of the pipeline;
  8. a geotechnical, hydraulic or environmental activity poses a threat to the safe operation of the pipeline;
  9. the operation of a portion of the pipeline is interrupted as a result of a situation or condition that poses a threat to any person, property or the environment; or
  10. an unintended fire or explosion has occurred that poses a threat to any person, property or the environment.

Pipeline accidents

As of 1 July 2014, pipeline accidents consist of reportable pipeline occurrences that resulted in

  1. loss of human life;
  2. a serious injury;Footnote 5
  3. a fire or explosion that causes a pipeline or facility to be inoperative;
  4. a low vapour pressure hydrocarbon release in excess of 1.5 m³ that leaves company property or the right-of-way;
  5. a rupture;Footnote 6 or
  6. a toxic plume.Footnote 7

Pipeline incidents

As of 1 July 2014, pipeline incidents consist of all reportable pipeline occurrences other than pipeline accidents.

Date modifiied: