Statistical summary: Air transportation occurrences in 2017

Table of contents

This document is a summary of selected 2017 aviation safety data.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

It should be noted that certain characteristics of the data constrain statistical analysis and identification of emerging trends. These include the small totals of accidents and incidents, the large variability in the data from year to year, and changes to regulations and definitions. The reader is cautioned to keep these limitations in mind when viewing this summary to avoid drawing conclusions that cannot be supported by statistical analysis.

The 2017 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB database at 11 February 2018. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Also, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified.

Accidents

Overview of accidents and fatalities

In 2017, a total of 240 aviation accidents were reported to the TSB, up from the previous year's total of 230, but 13% below the average of 276 over the previous 10 years (2007 to 2016). Of the total, 208 involved Canadian-registered aircraft (excluding ultra-lights),Footnote 1 a small increase from the previous year's total of 200, but 13% below the average of 238 for the previous 10 years.

The 2017 estimate of flying activity for Canadian-registered aircraft is 4 565 000 hours,Footnote 2 and the corresponding accident rate for Canadian-registered aircraft was 4.3 accidents per 100 000 flying hours, unchanged from 2016. Analysis using linear regression indicates a statistically significant downward trend in accident rates (p < .0001)Footnote 3 over the 11-year period from 2007 to 2017 (Figure 1). Similarly, the 2017 accident rate of 3.2 accidents per 100 000 aircraft movements decreased from the 2016 rate of 3.3 accidents per 100 000 aircraft movements and also indicates a statistically significant downward trend (p < .01) over the same 11-year period (data not shown).

Figure 1. Accidents and accident rates, 2007–2017
Accidents and accident rates, 2007–2017
Figure 1 data table
Accidents and accident rates, 2007–2017
Year Number of Accidents  Accidents per 100,000 Flying Hours 
2007 279 6.646021915
2008 239 5.638122199
2009 242 6.254846213
2010 238 5.961923848
2011 227 5.304977799
2012 232 5.283534502
2013 231 5.378346915
2014 204 4.775280899
2015 222 5.141269106
2016 194 4.318788958
2017 198 4.337349398

The 208 accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft (Figure 2) included 171 accidents involving aeroplanes,Footnote 4 and 27 accidents involving helicopters. The remaining 10 accidents involved 5 gliders, 1 gyroplane, 1 balloon, and 3 unmanned aerial systems (UAS) of which 2 were fixed-wing and 1 was a rotary-wing UAS.

Seventy-five Canadian-registered commercially operated aeroplanes (10 airliners, 5 commuters, 19 air taxis, 13 aerial work, and 28 flight training aircraft) were involved in 71 accidents in 2017, which is an increase from 42 commercial accidents the previous year, and above the previous 10-year average of 67.3. The increase in commercial accidents is reflected in almost every category of operator, but most notably involved 9 airliner accidents (involving 10 aircraft) which is up from 1 commercial airliner accident in 2016, and above the previous 10-year average of 4.9. Two of the 9 airliner accidents that occurred in 2017 were formally investigated by the TSB. Three were low speed ground collisions, 2 involved injuries to cabin crew, 1 involved a lightning strike, and 1 involved damage related to engine failure. A further 27 accidents involved commercially-operated flight-training aircraft (in the category “other commercial type” in Table 2), which is up from 16 accidents in 2016, and above the 10-year average of 19.2 in this category.

Canadian-registered commercially operated aeroplanes were involved in 7 fatal accidents that resulted in a total of 14 fatalities in 2017. One fatal accident involved an airliner, 1 involved air taxi operations, 2 involved aerial work, and 3 involved flight training.

The number of accidents involving Canadian-registered private/other aeroplanes fell to 101 in 2017, 20% lower than the previous 10-year average of 126. In 2017, 10 of these accidents resulted in fatalities, down from 18 in 2016, and below the average of 14 for the previous 10 years.

Figure 2. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by operation type, 2017
Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by operation type, 2017
Figure 2 data table
Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by operation type, 2017
Operator / Aircraft type 2007-2016 average 2017
Other aircraft types  8 10
Helicopter  34 27
Private or other type of operated aeroplane  126 101
State operated aeroplane  2 0
Corporate operated aeroplane  2 0
Aerial work aeroplane  12 12
Air taxi aeroplane  26 18
Commuter aeroplane  4 5
Airliner aeroplane  5 9

In 2017, 20 fatal accidents involved Canadian-registered aircraft other than ultra-lights (Figure 3), down somewhat from the 2016 total of 24, and below the average of 27 for the previous 10-year period.

The number of fatalities in 2017 (31), was lower than the 2016 total of 34, and well below the average of 49 for the previous 10-year period. However, the number of persons with serious injuries was 27, up from 17 in 2016, but still below the average of 34 over the previous 10 years (data not shown).

Figure 3. Fatalities and fatal accidents, 2007–2017
Fatalities and fatal accidents, 2007–2017
Figure 3 data table
Fatalities and fatal accidents, 2007–2017
Year Fatalities Fatal accidents
2007 50 33
2008 51 26
2009 64 28
2010 66 32
2011 61 30
2012 54 33
2013 59 32
2014 15 10
2015 40 23
2016 34 24
2017 31 20

Of the 31 fatalities in 2017, 27 involved crew and 4 involved passengers. One additional fatality involved the pilot of an ultra-light aircraft.

Twenty-seven accidents involving Canadian-registered helicopters were tallied in 2017. This number was slightly lower than the average of 34 such accidents per year over the previous 10-year period. Two of the 27 accidents were fatal, accounting for 5 fatalities. The total number of fatal accidents (2) compares favourably with previous yearly averages of approximately 5, and the previous 10-year average of 11 (data not shown).

In 2017, 25 accidents in Canada involved Canadian-registered ultra-light aircraft. This is up slightly from 22 ultra-light accidents in 2016, and not far from the average of 27 accidents per year over the previous 10 years. One of these accidents was fatal, resulting in a single fatality.

In 2017, 7 accidents involved 8 foreign-registered aircraft in Canada, with no resulting fatalities.

Accidents by selected categories

Operation type (Table 6)

In 2017, there were 171 accidents involving Canadian-registered aeroplanes. These accidents occurred mainly on flights taken for: pleasure or travel (53%), training flights (18%), and commercial air transport (16%). Almost a quarter (22%) of helicopter accidents occurred on training flights. Categories where helicopter accidents have been more common in past years (air transport, and pleasure or travel) represented fewer accidents in 2017. For instance, there were 3 helicopter accidents in air transport operations in 2017, whereas the previous 10-year average was 13.

Province/Territory (Table 8)

Of the accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft in 2017, 43% occurred in Ontario or Quebec. This proportion is typical compared to previous years. British Columbia (17%) and Alberta (14%) also accounted for a sizeable share of accidents in 2017. Following the pattern of generally decreasing accident counts, most regions in Canada experienced fewer accidents than the previous 10-year average (Figure 4). Also, the number of accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft was above the previous 10-year average.

Figure 4. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by province/territory, 2017
Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by province/territory, 2017
Figure 4 data table
Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by province/territory, 2017
Province 2007-2016 average 2017
BC 39 35
AB 27 30
SK 14 12
MB 17 10
ON 58 51
QC 48 39
ATL 11 11
YT/NU/NT 13 9
FOREIGN  7 11

Accident events and phases

Accidents may be analyzed in more detail by examining the nature and distribution of selected events that contributed to an occurrence. Tables 11 through 14 show counts of accidents involving selected event types within each phase of flight.

Although a single accident may involve more than one event within a phase of flight, that accident is only counted once in the phase total. Therefore, the total number of accidents for each event within a phase will not sum to the total number of accidents within a phase. For example, in the "take-off" phase, if an accident involves both "loss of control" and "power loss" events, the accident is counted once in each event category within the phase, but only once in the overall phase total. As well, approximately 38% of aeroplane accidents and 29% of helicopter accidents involve events in more than one phase of flight (not including "post-impact"), so the number of accidents shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6 sum to more than the total number of accidents.

Over the past 11 years (2007–2017), the distribution of aeroplane accident events (Figure 5) shows the greatest numbers of events are associated with landing (56% of aeroplane accidents involve an event in the landing phase) and take-off (23%) phases of flight, followed by en route (15%) and approach (13%) phases. The greatest numbers of helicopter accident events (Figure 6) were associated with landing (41%), manoeuveringFootnote 5 (24%), en route (22%), takeoff (17%), and approach (12%) phases of flight.

Figure 5. Aeroplane accident events by phase of flight, 2007–2017
Aeroplane accident events by phase of flight, 2007–2017
Figure 5 data table
Aeroplane accident events by phase of flight, 2007–2017
Phase of flight All accidents Fatal accidents
Standing/Taxiing  195 8
Take-off  522 55
En route  338 82
Manoeuvering  110 30
Approach  284 50
Landing  1261 35
Post-impact  253 84
Figure 6. Helicopter accidents by event phase of flight, 2007–2017
Helicopter accidents by event phase of flight, 2007–2017
Figure 6 data table
Helicopter accidents by event phase of flight, 2007–2017
Phase of flight All accidents Fatal accidents
Standing/Taxiing  28 0
Take-off  65 8
En route  84 24
Manoeuvering  91 20
Approach  45 7
Landing  154 9
Post-impact  43 12

From 2007 to 2017 (Table 11), of the 1261 aeroplane accidents with landing phase events, 21% involved collision with object, 21% involved missing or going off the runway, 21% involved landing gear collapse or retraction, and 20% involved a nosedown or overturning event. Of the 522 aeroplane accidents with take-off phase events, 28% involved collision with terrain, 27% involved collision with object, 25% involved loss of control, and 25% involved power loss.

Collision with terrain was the predominant event in fatal aeroplane accidents from 2007 to 2017 (Table 13). Collision with terrain was involved in 60% of the 55 fatal aeroplane accidents with takeoff phase events, 68% of 82 fatal aeroplane accidents with en route phase events, 80% of 30 fatal aeroplane accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 70% of 50 fatal aeroplane accidents with approach phase events, and 54% of 35 fatal aeroplane accidents with landing phase events.

From 2007 to 2017 (Table 12), of the 154 helicopter accidents with landing phase events, 25% involved a collision with object, 20% involved a hard landing, 19% involved collision with terrain, and 18% involved loss of control. Of the 91 helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 48% involved collision with terrain, 35% involved loss of control, and 25% involved an operations related event.

Collision with terrain was also the predominant event in fatal helicopter accidents from 2007 to 2017 (Table 14). Collision with terrain was involved in 6 of 8 fatal helicopter accidents with takeoff phase events, 17 of 24 fatal helicopter accidents with en route phase events, 13 of 20 fatal helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 3 of 7 fatal helicopter accidents with approach phase events, and 6 of 9 fatal helicopter accidents with landing phase events.

Incidents

Overview of Incidents

Pursuant to TSB mandatory incident reporting requirements, 934 incidents were reported in 2017, with 861 involving Canadian-registered aircraft. This is a 17% increase from the 2016 total of 737, and a 32% increase from the average of 653 for the previous 10 years. However, the apparent increase in incidents is largely explained by two recent changes. First, new regulations became effective 1 July 2014. Under the new reporting requirements, aviation incidents include aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2250 kg (formerly 5700 kg) and aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part VII. Second, the TSB has implemented changes to improve data capture for incidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft outside of Canada. This change took effect mid way through 2016. Together these changes substantially increased the number of reportable incidents.

In 2017, the most frequent incident types (Figure 7) involving all Canadian-registered and foreign-registered aircraft were: Declared emergency (37%), Risk of collision/Loss of separation (18%), and Smoke/Fire (11%).

Figure 7. Reportable incidents by type, 2017
Reportable incidents by type, 2017
Figure 7 data table
Reportable incidents by type, 2017
Incident type Number Percentage
Declared emergency 348 0.372591006
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 171 0.183083512
Engine failure 98 0.104925054
Smoke/Fire 99 0.105995717
Collision 24 0.025695931
Other incident type 194 0.207708779

Data tables

Table 1. Reportable aviation occurrences 2007-2017
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 230 240
Accidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 300 274 271 273 240 267 262 238 232 214 222
Accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 10 8 11
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9 8 7
Accidents by operator type 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 230 240
Commercial 128 125 114 109 99 92 84 82 74 63 96
Airliner (705) 4 6 2 6 6 5 7 4 9 1 9
Commuter (704) 4 6 6 7 6 5 3 2 3 3 5
Air taxi (703) 54 64 42 45 37 33 33 34 23 26 28
Aerial work (702) 34 19 21 29 27 26 21 17 18 16 18
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 33 31 43 22 23 24 20 26 21 18 37
State 2 3 3 5 2 3 6 4 1 0 0
Corporate 6 2 4 2 5 4 4 3 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 187 165 179 172 152 192 183 161 177 167 145
Accidents by aircraft type 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 230 240
Aeroplane 243 208 223 220 201 205 212 176 197 174 178
Helicopter 46 44 33 31 36 41 27 34 33 28 27
Ultralight 30 29 35 30 17 36 23 32 17 22 25
Other aircraft type (c) 5 13 7 7 3 9 15 8 7 6 10
Number of aircraft involved in accidents* 327 300 303 290 261 296 280 253 259 234 247
Aeroplanes 245 214 228 222 204 209 215 179 202 178 184
Helicopters 47 44 33 31 36 42 27 34 33 28 27
Ultralights 30 29 35 30 17 36 23 32 17 22 25
Other aircraft type(c) 5 13 7 7 4 9 15 8 7 6 11
Fatal accidents by aircraft type 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29 29 21
Aeroplane 25 16 21 29 23 25 25 12 20 22 17
Helicopter 6 9 8 3 8 7 6 0 5 2 2
Ultralight 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 4 4 1
Other aircraft type (c) 2 1 1 2 1 2 4 0 0 1 1
Fatalities 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45 32
Serious injuries 65 51 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 18 33
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9 8 7
Fatal accidents 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 0
Fatalities 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4 7 0
Serious injuries 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0 0 0
Occurrences with a dangerous good release 4 1 3 1 0 1 4 4 6 7 8
Incidents (d) 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Incidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 622 650 591 582 521 481 540 596 649 614 676
Incidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123 185
Incidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 224 195 155 188 127 129 126 100 106 117 106
Incidents by type (d) 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111 139 171
Declared emergency 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 333 311 348
Engine failure 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 110 110 98
Smoke/Fire 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87 85 99
Collision 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8 18 24
Other incident type 143 166 111 126 92 109 115 124 140 170 194

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in accidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are accident counts.

  1. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  2. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators. 
  3. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  4. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
  5. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 2. Occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227 200 208
Aeroplane accidents 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 190 167 171
Commercial 84 85 88 77 71 62 58 55 51 42 71
Airliner (705) 4 6 2 6 5 5 7 4 9 1 9
Commuter (704) 4 6 5 6 4 5 3 1 3 3 5
Air taxi (703) 40 41 34 29 26 19 19 19 12 16 18
Aerial work (702) 11 12 11 18 14 14 12 8 10 7 12
Other commercial type 25 21 36 18 22 19 17 23 17 16 27
State 1 3 1 3 2 1 2 3 1 0 0
Corporate 4 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 145 107 122 127 118 127 142 112 139 125 101
Helicopter accidents 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 32 27 27
Commercial 36 33 22 27 26 28 22 26 23 18 21
State 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0
Corporate 2 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 6 9 9 2 8 10 4 7 9 9 6
Other aircraft type (c) 5 13 7 6 3 7 13 8 7 6 10
Fatal accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23 24 20
Aeroplane accidents 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18 21 17
Commercial 10 3 6 12 11 6 8 2 6 3 7
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Commuter (704) 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 5 3 5 7 6 3 5 1 3 1 1
Aerial work (702) 1 0 0 4 2 2 1 1 2 1 2
Other commercial type 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 3
State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 14 11 14 16 10 19 15 8 13 18 10
Helicopter accidents 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5 2 2
Other aircraft type (c) 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 0 1 1
Fatalities (a) 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40 34 31
Serious injuries (a) 56 41 34 31 43 38 19 29 29 17 27
Incidents by type (d) 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737 861
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101 127 158
Declared emergency 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 290 263 316
Engine failure 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 102 102 88
Smoke/Fire 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79 75 94
Collision 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7 16 23
Other incident type 130 150 99 108 85 98 104 108 132 154 182
Accidents involving ultralight aircraft 30 29 34 30 17 36 23 31 16 22 25
Fatal accidents 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 3 4 1
Fatalities 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 3 4 1
Serious injuries 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 6 3 1 6

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Number of accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights.
  2. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  3. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators.
  4. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  5. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
  6. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 3a. Accident rates involving Canadian-registered aircraft (per hours flown, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types) 2007-2017
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents 279 239 242 238 227 232 231 204 222 194 198
Fatal accidents 31 25 27 31 29 32 30 10 23 23 19
Fatalities 47 50 63 65 59 53 57 15 40 33 30
Hours flown (thousands) (a) 4,198 4,239 3,869 3,992 4,279 4,391 4,295 4,272 4,318 4,492 4,565
Accidents per 100,000 hours 6.6 5.6 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.1 4.3 4.3
Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4
Fatalities per 100,000 hours 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.7

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

  1. Source: Transport Canada (2013 to 2017 hours flown are estimated).
Table 3b. Aircraft accident rates in Canada (per movements, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types) 2007-2017
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents 277 245 246 250 230 238 235 206 220 196 195
Fatal accidents 30 21 28 32 30 31 28 11 21 23 17
Fatalities 44 43 64 66 60 52 52 17 39 37 28
Aircraft movements (thousands) (a) 6,722 6,751 6,443 6,327 6,179 6,157 6,024 6,009 6,015 6,013 6,123
Accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 4.1 3.6 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.2
Fatal accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3
Fatalities per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

  1. Source: Statistics Canada (2017 movements are estimated).
Table 4. Aircraft accident fatalities 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Fatalities 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45 32
Fatalities in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 53 57 67 70 63 61 57 15 39 35 30
Fatalities outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4 3 2
Fatalities in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4 7 0
Fatalities by operator type 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45 32
Commercial 25 25 39 36 40 18 29 4 20 6 14
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 1
Commuter (704) 1 0 17 1 2 1 5 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 10 20 18 28 16 12 19 2 12 1 1
Aerial work (702) 9 5 1 7 8 3 4 2 6 2 7
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 6 0 3 0 2 2 1 0 2 3 5
State 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 7 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 30 32 32 36 24 44 35 17 29 39 18
Crew fatalities by operator type 37 35 35 40 37 40 44 15 29 25 28
Commercial 17 8 12 17 20 11 21 3 10 3 13
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 7 6 7 11 7 7 14 1 4 1 1
Aerial work (702) 6 2 1 5 5 2 4 2 4 1 7
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 5 0 2 0 2 2 1 0 2 1 5
State 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 19 25 23 23 15 28 22 12 21 22 15
Passenger fatalities by operator type 19 28 36 31 29 22 20 6 18 20 4
Commercial 8 16 27 18 20 6 8 1 10 3 1
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 1
Commuter (704) 1 0 15 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 3 14 11 16 9 5 5 1 8 0 0
Aerial work (702) 3 2 0 2 3 0 0 0 2 1 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 11 7 9 13 9 16 12 5 8 17 3
Ground fatalities 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Fatalities by aircraft type 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45 32
Aeroplane 39 34 38 59 46 44 46 19 35 37 25
Helicopter 8 16 27 7 15 9 12 0 8 3 5
Ultralight 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 4 4 1
Other aircraft type (c) 3 1 1 2 2 2 7 0 0 1 1

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  2. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators.
  3. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  4. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 5. Aircraft accident serious injuries 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Serious injuries 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 18 33
Serious injuries in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 61 45 41 35 39 39 22 35 28 17 31
Serious injuries outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2 0 1 0 9 5 0 0 4 1 2
Serious injuries in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0 0 0
Serious injuries by operator type 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 18 33
Commercial 33 25 14 18 31 22 11 10 15 8 12
Airliner (705) 0 1 1 1 10 1 0 0 3 2 8
Commuter (704) 1 2 1 4 7 2 2 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 15 18 6 7 9 15 6 5 8 4 0
Aerial work (702) 14 3 3 5 5 1 3 3 3 2 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 3 1 3 1 0 3 0 2 1 0 2
State 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 28 25 26 17 18 26 11 26 17 10 21
Crew serious injuries by operator type 30 25 26 22 18 24 13 23 18 8 22
Commercial 11 12 8 8 6 6 4 5 6 3 7
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
Commuter (704) 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 3 9 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 0
Aerial work (702) 6 2 3 4 4 1 2 1 3 1 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 1 3 1 0 2 0 2 0 0 2
State 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 13 15 13 12 18 9 18 12 5 15
Passenger serious injuries by operator type 32 25 19 13 30 23 8 12 14 8 11
Commercial 22 13 6 10 24 15 6 5 9 4 5
Airliner (705) 0 1 1 1 10 0 0 0 2 2 5
Commuter (704) 0 2 1 3 7 0 2 0 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 12 9 4 5 7 14 4 3 6 2 0
Aerial work (702) 8 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
State 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 7 12 11 3 6 8 2 7 5 4 6
Ground serious injuries 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0
Serious injuries by aircraft type 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 32 18 33
Aeroplane 32 29 24 28 36 31 13 21 24 10 23
Helicopter 13 14 11 3 8 7 6 7 5 6 3
Ultralight 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 7 3 1 6
Other aircraft type (c) 13 2 2 1 0 4 0 1 0 1 1

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total

.
  1. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  2. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators.
  3. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  4. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 6. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aeroplanes and helicopters by operation type 2007-2017
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Aeroplane accidents by operation type 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 190 167 171
Training 33 30 43 28 28 27 24 27 16 20 31
Pleasure/Travel 118 83 109 108 102 109 127 96 125 111 90
Business 15 7 4 6 7 4 2 9 1 3 1
Forest fire management 0 1 3 2 1 2 3 2 2 1 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 8 4 0 6 4 4 4 5 2 2 4
Aerial application 8 9 4 10 4 3 7 4 5 6 6
Inspection 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
Air transport 40 46 34 37 35 28 26 22 22 16 27
Air ambulance 2 3 5 2 1 1 0 1 0 3 1
Sightseeing 1 2 2 1 2 6 1 1 1 0 1
Other/Unknown 9 11 8 9 10 8 11 4 16 6 10
Aeroplane fatal accidents by operation type 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18 21 17
Training 3 0 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 3
Pleasure/Travel 10 8 13 15 10 16 11 7 12 15 7
Business 1 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
Forest fire management 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 4 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
Aerial application 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1
Inspection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Air transport 4 3 4 7 8 4 5 1 2 1 2
Air ambulance 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Other/Unknown 0 1 0 2 1 3 3 0 2 0 4
Helicopter accidents by operation type 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 32 27 27
Training 3 6 5 0 2 1 1 2 5 1 6
Pleasure/Travel 4 9 5 2 9 8 2 7 8 9 4
Business 5 0 3 0 0 3 1 0 1 0 0
Forest fire management 0 0 4 1 2 1 3 0 2 0 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 3 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Aerial application 2 1 0 3 1 5 0 1 2 1 3
Inspection 1 0 0 1 2 2 2 3 0 1 0
Air transport 16 22 10 15 13 9 8 18 10 7 3
Air ambulance 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1
Sightseeing 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
Other/Unknown 12 3 4 6 5 10 7 2 4 8 7
Fatal helicopter accidents by operation type 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5 2 2
Training 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Pleasure/Travel 0 3 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Business 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
Forest fire management 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aerial application 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Inspection 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Air transport 3 4 3 2 1 1 3 0 3 0 0
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other/Unknown 2 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0 1 2

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Airplane accidents by operation type", when an occurrence involves a Business and an Inspection airplane, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Table 7. Aircraft accidents by province/territory 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Accidents by province/territory 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251 230 240
Newfoundland and Labrador 6 7 3 3 3 5 3 5 6 5 4
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Nova Scotia 4 6 3 7 5 5 5 3 6 2 3
New Brunswick 8 1 2 5 3 3 2 6 2 5 7
Quebec 72 58 68 65 58 71 66 69 51 34 44
Ontario 81 69 74 71 63 67 72 67 74 50 62
Manitoba 18 27 19 27 17 18 13 12 14 17 10
Saskatchewan 23 19 14 18 18 9 19 12 13 10 13
Alberta 32 33 31 25 22 35 29 33 23 38 35
British Columbia 46 44 59 47 43 54 51 30 42 53 39
Yukon 7 7 4 3 8 8 4 4 6 2 4
Northwest Territories 8 8 6 9 6 5 3 3 2 3 2
Nunavut 5 8 2 7 4 3 4 1 2 3 3
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Outside Canada 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 10 8 11
Fatal accidents by province/territory 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29 29 21
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Quebec 6 5 10 10 5 10 5 2 7 7 4
Ontario 6 7 6 9 6 10 9 5 6 5 4
Manitoba 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 1 1 3
Saskatchewan 5 0 2 0 3 1 2 1 2 2 2
Alberta 3 8 1 2 4 6 4 1 3 4 3
British Columbia 10 10 8 7 10 9 10 2 4 8 2
Yukon 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Northwest Territories 1 2 1 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 4 2 0 1 1 3 1 4 1 2
Fatalities by province/territory 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47 45 32
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 2 0
Quebec 7 7 16 28 9 11 5 2 16 15 6
Ontario 7 8 12 14 9 19 19 8 10 5 9
Manitoba 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 1 2 4
Saskatchewan 6 0 4 0 7 5 3 2 3 2 3
Alberta 5 12 1 4 5 6 5 1 4 4 5
British Columbia 17 26 14 15 16 15 17 3 7 12 2
Yukon 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Northwest Territories 3 2 2 3 4 0 1 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4 3 2

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Table 8. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft by province/territory (excluding ultralights) 2007-2017
Accidents by province/territory 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227 200 208
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 5 3 3 3 5 3 4 6 4 3
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Nova Scotia 3 2 1 7 3 3 5 2 5 2 2
New Brunswick 7 1 2 4 3 3 2 6 2 5 5
Quebec 61 50 60 52 52 52 57 57 44 28 39
Ontario 71 62 61 55 56 54 59 53 66 43 51
Manitoba 17 24 19 25 16 15 13 11 13 17 10
Saskatchewan 21 18 12 18 17 8 18 10 12 10 12
Alberta 31 28 28 24 18 30 27 31 21 36 30
British Columbia 36 33 44 38 39 46 44 27 39 43 35
Yukon 6 7 2 3 7 7 4 4 6 1 4
Northwest Territories 8 8 5 8 6 5 3 2 2 3 2
Nunavut 5 7 1 6 3 3 3 1 1 2 3
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 13 7 10 1 7 8 4 4 10 6 11
Fatal accidents by province/territory 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23 24 20
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Quebec 4 4 8 9 5 4 3 1 6 5 4
Ontario 6 4 5 8 4 9 6 3 5 3 4
Manitoba 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 0 1 3
Saskatchewan 4 0 1 0 3 1 2 1 2 2 2
Alberta 3 4 1 2 3 5 4 1 3 4 3
British Columbia 9 6 8 5 9 8 9 2 2 7 1
Yukon 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Northwest Territories 1 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 4 1 0 1 1 3 1 4 1 2
Fatalities by province/territory 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40 34 31
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 2 0
Quebec 5 6 14 27 9 5 3 1 15 7 6
Ontario 7 4 11 12 7 18 16 4 9 3 9
Manitoba 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 0 2 4
Saskatchewan 5 0 2 0 7 5 3 2 3 2 3
Alberta 5 8 1 4 4 5 5 1 4 4 5
British Columbia 15 22 14 13 15 14 16 3 4 11 1
Yukon 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Northwest Territories 3 2 2 2 4 0 1 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 3 7 1 0 1 1 6 2 4 3 2

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Table 9. Reportable aircraft incidents 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Incidents by type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111 139 171
Declared emergency 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 333 311 348
Engine failure 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 110 110 98
Smoke/Fire 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87 85 99
Collision 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8 18 24
Control difficulties 41 39 24 32 31 33 25 40 29 35 33
Crew unable to perform duties 65 78 59 50 26 40 58 36 46 66 78
Dangerous goods-related 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 4 0 2 0
Depressurization 13 17 6 11 16 15 14 12 16 14 20
Fuel shortage 8 7 4 9 6 7 2 6 17 15 17
Failure to remain in landing area 9 18 9 13 11 10 9 20 17 19 22
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
Slung load released 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 5 14 15 20
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 0 3 1 1 2 0 1 1 3 1
Incidents by operator type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Commercial 823 858 754 780 640 601 653 697 741 785 883
Airliner (705) 563 590 499 519 448 409 450 428 437 490 610
Commuter (704) 75 94 88 86 75 78 90 105 82 77 72
Air taxi (703) 26 36 43 29 29 26 35 81 119 106 103
Aerial work (702) 20 24 32 28 15 11 12 34 48 43 54
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 200 186 146 181 114 113 113 85 83 111 91
State 28 16 22 23 13 20 20 13 15 8 15
Corporate 43 21 26 18 22 20 20 18 4 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 20 28 21 22 25 19 15 31 62 64 69
Incidents by aircraft type 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Aeroplane 854 870 772 788 659 624 670 713 749 795 888
Helicopter 22 19 21 32 20 17 20 30 47 38 51
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8 7 4
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 1031 1052 916 976 780 733 797 828 887 957 1058
Aeroplanes 1009 1033 893 942 760 716 777 795 832 912 1002
Helicopters 22 19 22 32 20 17 20 30 47 38 52
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8 7 4
Incidents by province/territory 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789 833 934
Newfoundland and Labrador 19 21 16 30 14 17 29 22 30 31 27
Prince Edward Island 1 2 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 4 1
Nova Scotia 26 20 18 25 19 17 11 22 19 17 22
New Brunswick 17 12 5 10 7 7 7 8 9 9 4
Quebec 127 127 97 108 126 107 122 89 116 109 138
Ontario 263 273 195 176 178 155 166 157 152 166 228
Manitoba 52 59 46 51 31 31 31 51 54 47 49
Saskatchewan 19 28 18 19 11 18 27 32 21 25 19
Alberta 80 89 106 84 82 81 103 98 117 110 107
British Columbia 133 120 162 156 76 101 99 132 154 137 101
Yukon 4 4 6 4 3 4 5 6 6 5 5
Northwest Territories 27 27 14 21 30 17 16 25 17 9 20
Nunavut 14 17 8 21 19 19 10 20 15 15 15
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 23 10 30 26 25 13 19 19 16 26 13
Outside Canada 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123 185

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  2. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators.
  3. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  4. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
  5. "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
Table 10. Reportable incidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Incidents by type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737 861
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101 127 158
Declared emergency 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 290 263 316
Engine failure 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 102 102 88
Smoke/Fire 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79 75 94
Collision 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7 16 23
Control difficulties 38 32 18 24 27 31 22 36 28 30 32
Crew unable to perform duties 63 76 57 49 26 38 56 35 44 65 74
Dangerous goods-related 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 3 0 2 0
Depressurization 11 15 3 10 15 13 10 10 14 13 18
Fuel shortage 4 4 4 6 5 4 2 3 15 11 16
Failure to remain in landing area 7 16 8 8 10 9 7 17 17 14 18
Incorrect fuel 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
Slung load released 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 4 13 15 20
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 1 3 1
Incidents by operator type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737 861
Commercial 660 704 630 640 550 504 552 622 674 705 820
Airliner (705) 563 585 495 518 445 409 449 426 436 489 609
Commuter (704) 75 94 88 86 75 78 90 105 82 77 72
Air taxi (703) 26 36 43 29 29 25 35 81 119 106 103
Aerial work (702) 17 24 31 28 15 11 12 31 47 43 54
Other commercial type (a) 40 37 27 41 27 17 13 15 18 32 29
State 27 15 19 19 13 17 19 11 15 6 13
Corporate 23 17 18 15 13 15 15 11 2 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 26 20 19 21 16 14 27 52 49 58
Incidents by aircraft type 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737 861
Aeroplane 673 711 640 641 558 519 563 631 672 699 815
Helicopter 20 19 21 31 20 16 20 27 46 38 51
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8 6 4
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 833 873 774 810 670 619 681 730 800 843 976
Aeroplanes 813 854 751 778 650 603 661 700 746 799 920
Helicopters 20 19 22 31 20 16 20 27 46 38 52
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8 6 4
Incidents by province/territory 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711 737 861
Newfoundland and Labrador 10 13 7 13 10 10 17 13 20 22 22
Prince Edward Island 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 4 1
Nova Scotia 17 12 13 19 14 9 9 19 17 12 17
New Brunswick 12 7 3 8 5 7 4 6 9 9 3
Quebec 90 96 77 89 104 84 96 81 103 99 126
Ontario 201 221 168 141 149 127 142 139 141 148 200
Manitoba 43 49 40 45 30 30 27 45 51 44 47
Saskatchewan 16 26 16 15 11 14 26 27 19 25 18
Alberta 68 76 92 74 76 75 93 93 110 103 102
British Columbia 120 103 141 134 68 87 93 125 137 118 100
Yukon 4 2 6 3 3 3 3 5 6 5 3
Northwest Territories 27 27 14 19 30 17 16 25 17 8 20
Nunavut 9 14 7 17 16 15 10 16 14 15 14
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 5 3 6 5 5 3 3 2 4 2 3
Outside Canada 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62 123 185

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Includes foreign commercial operations (part 701), and flight training units (part 406).
  2. Beginning in February of 2015, corporate operators are counted as private operators.
  3. Includes private operators (part 604), recreational, and foreign private operations.
  4. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
  5. "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
Table 11. Number of accidents involving aeroplanes by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Standing/Taxiing 16 13 20 17 18 17 23 16 19 16 20 195
Collision with object 6 6 9 6 6 7 8 6 3 5 9 71
Collision with moving aircraft 2 4 3 1 1 2 1 3 5 4 3 29
Nosedown/Overturned 0 1 1 4 3 3 5 1 3 2 2 25
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 1 0 4 2 3 0 2 1 2 1 3 19
Loss of control 1 0 1 3 0 3 4 1 0 0 0 13
Other events 10 6 9 8 9 9 11 9 12 13 14 110
Take-off 51 40 49 54 41 54 40 48 53 47 45 522
Collision with terrain 10 9 14 15 11 21 11 10 18 13 15 147
Loss of control 12 7 15 15 12 17 7 18 9 11 7 130
Collision with object 17 14 16 13 9 17 8 11 18 12 8 143
Take-off/Landing event 16 5 13 13 13 19 9 11 11 14 15 139
Power loss 14 14 12 14 11 6 13 16 12 10 10 132
Other events 37 30 34 35 28 33 26 34 50 30 36 373
En route 29 34 41 32 31 31 34 23 29 19 35 338
Power loss 11 18 26 13 14 15 15 14 8 12 15 161
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 6 14 10 11 13 9 8 7 5 4 5 92
Collision with terrain 6 5 9 8 8 8 10 5 4 5 5 73
Component/System related 5 3 4 4 1 2 3 2 3 0 3 30
Other events 18 14 20 20 18 15 18 14 26 8 25 196
Manoeuvering 12 12 3 11 12 10 12 4 11 12 11 110
Collision with terrain 8 3 2 5 6 7 7 1 7 5 7 58
Loss of control 5 3 1 3 1 4 1 1 2 3 4 28
Collision with object 2 4 0 7 1 1 2 1 2 3 1 24
Power loss 0 4 1 1 3 1 0 0 1 2 1 14
Other events 4 6 1 3 9 2 5 3 4 6 2 45
Approach 28 29 31 29 23 21 32 28 25 18 20 284
Collision with terrain 5 8 12 11 7 6 6 7 10 5 6 83
Power loss 7 8 7 7 2 0 11 6 2 3 6 59
Collision with object 9 8 3 6 8 1 7 9 7 6 7 71
Component/System related 6 5 9 2 5 3 3 4 2 0 1 40
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 1 5 4 5 2 2 7 7 1 1 4 39
Loss of control 3 5 3 6 3 4 5 1 4 1 0 35
Other events 14 7 14 10 8 14 10 9 18 12 12 128
Landing 149 114 121 112 113 111 116 99 118 113 95 1261
Missed or went off runway 26 17 24 24 27 26 28 14 30 30 21 267
Collision with object 32 21 23 25 28 26 18 20 29 24 23 269
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 30 28 18 26 24 22 25 17 27 27 23 267
Nosedown/Overturned 27 27 21 18 17 20 20 17 27 33 29 256
Loss of control 25 16 23 20 17 27 19 22 2 3 6 180
Hard landing 35 16 19 23 22 20 13 14 10 17 19 208
Collision with terrain 21 19 16 18 16 18 12 21 20 12 7 180
Wheels-up landing 11 8 12 7 3 7 10 7 10 9 4 88
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 6 5 11 5 3 9 11 5 12 18 18 103
Other events 54 38 39 47 49 42 45 28 77 77 50 546
Post-impact 13 13 13 20 11 18 13 17 37 57 41 253
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 8 9 8 15 6 7 7 6 13 9 5 93
Other events 6 5 6 5 5 11 6 13 24 49 37 167

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

Table 12. Number of accidents involving helicopters by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Standing/Taxiing 4 3 3 0 6 4 1 4 2 0 1 28
Collision with terrain 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 6
Loss of control 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 0 0 7
Collision with object 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 8
Other events 2 2 3 0 5 4 1 4 0 0 0 21
Take-off 7 7 4 2 7 7 7 9 4 6 5 65
Loss of control 4 4 1 1 4 2 0 5 1 4 4 30
Collision with terrain 2 3 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 1 1 20
Collision with object 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 2 1 0 1 13
Power loss 0 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 7
Other events 2 4 1 1 1 2 2 4 1 3 2 23
En route 12 11 11 7 10 9 5 7 4 5 3 84
Collision with terrain 6 6 3 3 3 3 1 3 1 1 1 31
Power loss 4 4 5 3 2 3 1 1 1 3 0 27
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 3 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 8
Component/System related 0 3 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 8
Other events 5 10 5 4 7 6 4 5 3 4 3 56
Manoeuvering 13 9 7 6 10 11 8 4 8 8 7 91
Collision with terrain 5 4 3 3 6 5 5 2 3 5 3 44
Loss of control 7 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 4 32
Collision with object 1 2 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 3 2 21
Operations related event 4 1 2 1 2 2 1 0 2 5 3 23
Power loss 2 2 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 1 14
Other events 7 5 5 1 3 6 2 2 5 5 5 46
Approach 4 3 5 4 6 7 3 3 3 5 2 45
Collision with terrain 1 2 3 4 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 13
Power loss 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 1 3 0 9
Loss of control 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 2 1 8
Collision with object 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 1 6
Other events 2 2 3 3 3 5 3 2 2 4 1 30
Landing 16 17 15 15 7 13 12 12 18 16 13 154
Hard landing 5 6 2 4 4 4 1 3 1 0 1 31
Collision with terrain 1 5 5 4 2 4 0 3 6 0 0 30
Loss of control 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 4 6 2 1 28
Collision with object 4 3 5 5 2 2 5 5 1 4 3 39
Other events 9 4 9 7 2 4 9 5 10 4 5 68
Post-impact 4 3 4 4 4 2 3 2 5 11 1 43
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 3 2 3 1 2 1 2 0 1 0 0 15
Other events 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 4 11 1 28

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

Table 13. Number of fatal accidents involving aeroplanes by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Standing/Taxiing 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 8
Collision with object 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision with moving aircraft 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nosedown/Overturned 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other events 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 8
Take-off 6 1 6 6 4 6 4 2 9 5 6 55
Collision with terrain 3 1 6 2 1 4 3 0 4 4 5 33
Loss of control 4 0 3 1 2 2 2 1 4 4 2 25
Collision with object 2 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 1 8
Take-off/Landing event 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 5
Power loss 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 8
Other events 4 1 2 3 4 3 2 0 7 1 5 32
En route 12 7 7 9 9 9 9 3 7 5 5 82
Power loss 3 1 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 10
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 4
Collision with terrain 6 5 4 8 5 7 7 3 4 4 3 56
Component/System related 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
Other events 8 3 4 4 4 3 5 1 6 2 4 44
Manoeuvering 4 3 0 2 1 3 3 2 4 4 4 30
Collision with terrain 3 2 0 1 1 3 2 1 4 3 4 24
Loss of control 3 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 1 11
Collision with object 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 5
Power loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other events 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 7
Approach 4 0 6 10 6 5 5 1 5 5 3 50
Collision with terrain 2 0 6 6 4 3 5 0 3 4 2 35
Power loss 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 4
Collision with object 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 1 1 8
Component/System related 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Loss of control 1 0 2 5 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 12
Other events 2 0 3 4 1 4 1 1 2 2 1 21
Landing 3 2 3 3 5 3 3 4 4 5 0 35
Missed or went off runway 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 4
Collision with object 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 6
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nosedown/Overturned 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 7
Loss of control 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
Hard landing 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Collision with terrain 1 1 0 2 2 3 2 2 2 4 0 19
Wheels-up landing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 3
Other events 2 0 2 1 1 2 0 2 1 3 0 14
Post-impact 8 6 8 13 6 7 8 4 10 9 5 84
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 7 6 6 12 4 6 7 3 10 7 4 72
Other events 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 0 2 1 16

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

Table 14. Number of fatal accidents involving helicopters by phase of flight and selected event category 2007-2017
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Total
Standing/Taxiing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision with terrain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision with object 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other events 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Take-off 1 2 0 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 8
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collision with terrain 1 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 6
Collision with object 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 2
Power loss 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other events 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
En route 4 2 4 3 2 3 2 0 2 1 1 24
Collision with terrain 4 1 2 3 2 2 1 0 1 1 0 17
Power loss 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Component/System related 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Other events 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 0 1 1 1 14
Manoeuvering 1 4 3 0 4 3 2 0 1 1 1 20
Collision with terrain 0 3 2 0 3 1 2 0 1 0 1 13
Loss of control 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 7
Collision with object 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
Operations related event 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 4
Power loss 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 4
Other events 0 3 2 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 1 11
Approach 1 2 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 7
Collision with terrain 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Power loss 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
Collision with object 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other events 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 4
Landing 0 1 2 0 1 2 0 0 2 0 1 9
Hard landing 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Collision with terrain 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 6
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Collision with object 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3
Other events 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Post-impact 1 2 4 0 1 1 2 0 1 0 0 12
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 1 2 3 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 10
Other events 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2

Data extracted February 11, 2018

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

Definitions

The following definitions apply to aviation occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the TSB regulations.

Aviation occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of an aircraft, and
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described above.

Reportable aviation accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of an aircraft where:

  • a person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of:
    • being on board the aircraft,
    • coming into contact with any part of the r aircraft, including parts that have become detached from the aircraft, or
    • being directly exposed to jet blast, rotor down wash or propeller wash,
  • the aircraft sustains structural failure or damage that adversely affects the aircraft's structural strength, performance or flight characteristics and would normally require major repair or replacement of any affected component, except for
    • engine failure or damage, when the damage is limited to the engine, its cowlings or accessories, or
    • damage limited to propellers, wing tips, antennae, tires, brakes, fairings or small dents or puncture holes in the aircraft's skin, or
    • the aircraft is missing or inaccessible;

Reportable aviation incident

An incident involving an aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg, or of an aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under Part VII of the Canadian Aviation Regulations, where:

  • an engine fails or is shut down as a precautionary measure,
  • a power train transmission gearbox malfunction occurs,
  • smoke is detected or a fire occurs on board,
  • difficulties in controlling the aircraft are encountered owing to any aircraft system malfunction, weather phenomena, wake turbulence, uncontrolled vibrations or operations outside the flight envelope
  • the aircraft fails to remain within the intended landing or take-off area, lands with all or part of the landing gear retracted or drags a wing tip, an engine pod or any other part of the aircraft,
  • a crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the aircraft is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment,
  • depressurization of the aircraft occurs that requires an emergency descent,
  • a fuel shortage occurs that requires a diversion or requires approach and landing priority at the destination of the aircraft,
  • the aircraft is refuelled with the incorrect type of fuel or contaminated fuel,
  • a collision, a risk of collision or a loss of separation occurs,
  • a crew member declares an emergency or indicates an emergency that requires priority handling by air traffic services or the standing by of emergency response services,
  • a slung load is released unintentionally or as a precautionary or emergency measure from the aircraft, or
  • any dangerous goods are released in or from the aircraft.

Collision

Collision means an impact, other than an impact associated with normal operating circumstances, between aircraft or between an aircraft and another object or terrain.

Risk of collision

Risk of collision means a situation in which an aircraft comes so close to being involved in a collision that a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment exists.

Loss of separation

Loss of separation means a situation in which the distance separating two aircraft is less than the minimum established in the Canadian Domestic Air Traffic Control Separation Standards, published by the Department of Transport, as amended from time to time.

Serious injury

  • a fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose,
  • lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage,
  • an injury to an internal organ,
  • second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface,
  • a verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation, or
  • an injury that is likely to require hospitalization.

ATS-Related Event

Any event related to the provision of air traffic control services including, but not limited to, failure or inability to provide service, emergency handling, or loss of in-flight separation.

Air Proximity Event

A situation in which, in the opinion of a pilot or air traffic services personnel, the distance between aircraft as well as their positions and speed have been such that the safety of the aircraft involved may have been compromised.

Operation

Operation means the activities for which an aircraft is used from the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until they disembark.

Operator

Operator has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Commercial Operators

Commercial operators include carriers that offer a “for-hire” service to transport people or goods, or to undertake specific tasks such as aerial photography, flight training, or crop spraying.

Airliner

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, that has a MCTOW of more than 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 20 or more passengers.

Commuter Aircraft

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator, in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  • a multi engined aircraft that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 to 19 inclusive;
  • a turbo jet powered aeroplane that has a maximum zero fuel weight of 22 680 kg (50 000 pounds) or less and for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of not more than 19 passengers.

Aerial Work Aircraft

A commercially operated aeroplane or helicopter used in aerial work involving

  • the carriage on board of persons other than flight crew members,
  • the carriage of helicopter external loads,
  • the towing of objects, or
  • the dispersal of products.

Air Taxi Aircraft

A commercially operated aircraft used in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  • a single engined aircraft;
  • a multi engined aircraft, other than a turbo jet powered aeroplane, that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine or less; or
  • any aircraft that is authorized by the Minister of Transport to be operated under Part VII, Subpart 3, Division 1 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

State Operators

State operators include the federal and provincial governments.

Corporate Operators

Corporate operators include companies flying for business reasons.

Private Operators

Private operators include individuals flying for pleasure. Included are flights on which it is not possible to transport people or cargo on a “for-hire” basis.

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