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Air transportation safety investigation A21O0127

The TSB has completed this investigation. The report was published on 28 February 2023.

Table of contents

Runway overrun

I.M.P. Group Limited
Embraer EMB-505 (Phenom 300E), C-GRIA
Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport, Ontario

View final report

The occurrence

On 30 November 2021, at 1754 Eastern Standard Time, the Embraer EMB-505 (Phenom 300E) (registration C-GRIA, serial number 50500566) aircraft, operated by I.M.P. Group Limited, departed Montréal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (CYUL), Quebec, for an instrument flight rules flight to Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport (CYGK), Ontario, with 2 pilots on board.

At 1829, the aircraft landed on Runway 19 following an instrument landing system approach. The second-in-command, who was the pilot flying, applied full braking within seconds of touchdown but did not feel the expected aircraft deceleration. The pilot-in-command also attempted to stop the aircraft once it was apparent that the expected braking was not taking place; this had no added effect on the deceleration of the aircraft. The aircraft departed the runway’s end at a speed of 61 knots, entering a grassy area. It continued for approximately 440 feet before coming to a stop.

Neither pilot was injured, the aircraft was undamaged, and there was no damage to airport fixtures.

Media materials

News release


Temperature drop caused a wet runway surface to freeze, resulting in a runway overrun in Kingston, Ontario
Read the news release

Deployment notice


TSB is deploying a team of investigators following a runway excursion in Kingston, Ontario

Richmond Hill, Ontario, 1 December 2021 — The Transportation Safety Board is deploying a team of investigators to the site of a runway excursion that occurred yesterday involving an Embraer Phenom 300 aircraft in Kingston, Ontario. The TSB will gather information and assess the occurrence.

Investigation information

Map showing the location of the occurrence


Photo of Jon Douma

Jon Douma is a Senior Regional Investigator - Operations with the Ontario Region of the Air Investigations Branch. He joined the TSB in 2019 following 12 years in the business aviation sector, where he flew multiple jet and turboprop types and operated throughout North America, the Caribbean, and Eastern and Western Europe.

Prior to business aviation, he spent several years as a flight instructor, and has maintained an interest in general aviation since then, building and flying multiple amateur-built aircraft with his grandfather.


Class of investigation

This is a class 3 investigation. These investigations analyze a small number of safety issues, and may result in recommendations. Class 3 investigations are generally completed within 450 days. For more information, see the Policy on Occurrence Classification.

TSB investigation process

There are 3 phases to a TSB investigation

  1. Field phase: a team of investigators examines the occurrence site and wreckage, interviews witnesses and collects pertinent information.
  2. Examination and analysis phase: the TSB reviews pertinent records, tests components of the wreckage in the lab, determines the sequence of events and identifies safety deficiencies. When safety deficiencies are suspected or confirmed, the TSB advises the appropriate authority without waiting until publication of the final report.
  3. Report phase: a confidential draft report is approved by the Board and sent to persons and corporations who are directly concerned by the report. They then have the opportunity to dispute or correct information they believe to be incorrect. The Board considers all representations before approving the final report, which is subsequently released to the public.

For more information, see our Investigation process page.

The TSB is an independent agency that investigates air, marine, pipeline, and rail transportation occurrences. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety. It is not the function of the Board to assign fault or determine civil or criminal liability.