Statistical Summary – Railway Occurrences 2013

Foreward

This document provides Canadians with an annual summary of selected railway safety data. It covers federally regulated railways only. Non-federally regulated data reported to the TSB are not included in this report. The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of our investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

The 2013 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year. On March 12, 2014, the TSB issued new regulations that change the reporting requirements effective July 1, 2014. These changes will be reflected only in the 2014 Statistical Summary.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics may change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when utilizing these statistics. The 2013 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of February 17, 2014.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the TSB Statistical Summary, Railway Occurrences 2013, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint in whole, or in part, for further distribution of the data presented (with acknowledgement of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.

Comments on this document can be forwarded to the following address:

Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Communications Branch
Place du Centre
200 Promenade du Portage
4th Floor
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 1K8

Telephone: 819-994-3741
Facsimile: 819-997-2239
E-mail: communications@bst-tsb.gc.ca

Railway Occurrences in 2013

Accidents

Overview of accidents and casualties (Tables 1 to 3 - Appendix A)

In 2013, 1,067 rail accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB (Figure 1), a 4% increase from the 2012 total of 1,027 but comparable to the five-year average (2008-2012) of 1,070.

Figure 1. Number of rail accidents, 2004-2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

Freight trains accounted for 70% of all trains involved in rail accidents in 2013. Four percent (49 in total) were passenger trains with the remainder comprising mainly single cars/cuts of cars, locomotives and track units.

The largest proportion of reported rail accidents comprised non-main-track derailments and collisions (57%). In 2013, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents, non-main-track accidents accounted for more than three quarters of the total (78%) (Figure 2). Typically, most non-main-track accidents are minor, occurring during switching operations at speeds of less than 10 mph.

Main-track derailments and collisions accounted for 8% of all accidents in 2013, compared to 7% in the previous year.

In 2013, 18% of rail accidents involved vehicles or pedestrians at rail crossings, unchanged from the previous five years.

The proportion of remaining accident typesFootnote 2 (17%) in 2013 is similar to the previous five-year average (16%).

Figure 2. Percentage of rail accidents by type, 2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

In 2013, 144 accidents involved dangerous goodsFootnote 3, up from 119 in 2012 and up from the five-year average of 133. Seven accidents resulted in a dangerous goods release in 2013, compared to 2 in 2012, and the five-year average of 3. Five of the 7 accidents involved petroleum crude oil. This increase is concurrent with an increase in shipments of crude oil by rail from 500 car loads in 2009 to 160,000 car loads in 2013Footnote 4.

Rail fatalities totalled 127 in 2013, up from the 83 recorded last year and up from the five-year average of 76. Crossing fatalities totalled 31 in 2013, compared to 30 in 2012 and the five-year average of 25 (Figure 3). TrespasserFootnote 5 fatalities totalled 44 in 2013, compared to 49 last year and 50 for the five-year average. In 2013, “other fatalities” was the largest fatality category with 52, including 47 lives lost from the Lac-Mégantic accident (R13D0054). Five rail employees were fatally injured compared to 1 for the five-year average.

Figure 3. Number of fatalities by type of occurrence, 2004-2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

A total of 39 serious injuries resulted from rail occurrences in 2013 (Figure 4), down from 72 in 2012 and from the five-year average of 60. Trespasser injuries totalled 10 in 2013, down from 21 last year and from the five-year average of 19. Crossing accidentsFootnote 6 resulted in 27 injuries, down from 32 in 2012 but comparable to the five-year average of 28. Two rail employees were seriously injured in 2013 compared to 10 for the five-year average.

Figure 4. Number of serious injuries by type of occurrence, 2004–2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

The number of main-track accidentsFootnote 7 totaled 180 in 2013 (Figure 5), up 33% from 135 recorded in 2012 and up 4% from the five-year average of 173. Rail activity on main track decreased by 2% from the previous yearFootnote 8.The main-track accident rate in 2013 was 2.3 accidents per million main-track train-miles, up 35% from 1.7 in 2012, but similar to the five-year average of 2.2. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a downward trend in accident rates (statistically significant at the p < .05 level)Footnote 9 over the past 10 years.

Figure 5. Number of main-track accidents and accident rates, 2004–2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

Accidents by type

Main-track collisions and derailments are the most serious categories of rail accidents in terms of potential risk to the public and financial loss (e.g., when passenger trains are involved or dangerous goods are released from trains that derail while travelling at high speeds in populated areas).

There were four main-track collisions (Figure 6) in 2013, down two from the 2012 total and down one from the five-year average of five. No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track collisions in 2013. There was no release of dangerous goods as a result of main-track collisions.

Figure 6. Number of main-track collisions and derailments, 2004–2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

A total of 83 main-track derailments (Table 4a & Table 4b) were reported in 2013, a 26% increase from the 2012 total of 66, but a 6% decrease from the five-year average of 89 (Figure 6). The number of main-track derailments per million main-track train-miles increased to 1.06 in 2013 from 0.82 the previous year, but decreased from the five-year average of 1.13. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a downward trend in main-track derailment rates (statistically significant at the p < .01 level) over the past 10 years.

Forty-seven fatalities resulted from main-track derailments in 2013, all associated with the Lac-Mégantic accident (R13D0054). No serious injuries resulted from main-track derailments in 2013.

In 2013, there were 12 main-track derailments involving dangerous goods, up from 6 in 2012, but down from the five-year average of 15. Four of these resulted in a release of product, in all cases petroleum crude oil.

In 2013, 34% of assigned factorsFootnote 10 for main-track derailments were Track-related compared to the five-year average of 38%. Equipment-related factors accounted for 30% of all assigned factors compared to 31% for the five-year average. Actions-related factorsFootnote 11 were reported in 28% of main-track accidents compared to the five-year average of 17%.

Non-main-track collisions (Table 5a & Table 5b) totalled 92 in 2013, down from 101 in 2012 (Figure 7), but comparable to the five-year average of 94. Derailments occurred in 32% of non-main-track collisions, and 83% of these non-main-track collisions involved the derailment of one or two cars.

No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from main-track collisions in 2013.

Dangerous goods were involved in 28% of non-main-track collisions, one of which resulted in a release of sodium chlorate.

Factors assigned to non-main-track collisions were mostly Actions-related (84%), compared to 83% for the last five-year average. Failure to protect, such as improper positioning of movements and handling of switches, was assigned most often as a factor.

Figure 7. Number of non-main-track collisions and derailments, 2004-2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

There were 520 non-main-track derailments (Table 6a & Table 6b) in 2013, up 2% from last year, but comparable to the five-year average of 521 (Figure 7). In 22% of these accidents, three or more cars derailed.

No fatalities or serious injuries resulted from non-main-track derailments in 2013.

Dangerous goods cars were involved in 18% of non-main-track derailments, one of which resulted in a release of liquefied petroleum gas.

In 2013, Actions-related factors represented 44% of all assigned factors, which is equal to the five-year average. Track-related factors assigned to non-main-track derailments represented 35% of all assigned factors, comparable to the five-year average of 36%. Environmental-related factors represented 11% of all assigned factors in 2013, compared to 6% for the five-year average.

Crossing accidents (Table 7 and Table 8) represent one of the most serious types of rail accidents in 2013, with 20% of these accidents resulting in either serious or fatal injuries.

There were 188 crossing accidents in 2013, comparable to the 190 recorded in 2012 and to the five-year average of 190. Accidents at public automated crossings (106) increased 12% from the 2012 total of 95 and increased 9% from the five-year average of 97. Accidents at public passive crossings (69) were slightly up compared to the five year average of 64. Accidents at private crossings (11) decreased 56% from the five-year average of 25.

The proportion of crossing accidents that occurred at public automated crossings increased from 50% in 2012 to 56% in 2013 (Figure 8). Despite the presence of additional protection at public automated crossings, and that there are twice as many public passive crossings as public automated crossings, more accidents take place at automated crossings due to the higher vehicle and train traffic volumes at these crossings.

Figure 8. Percentage of crossing accidents by type of crossing, 2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

There were 23 fatal crossing accidents in 2013, down from the 26 recorded in 2012, but similar to the five-year average of 22. Although crossing accidents involving pedestrians accounted for 9% (16) of all crossing accidents in 2013, they accounted for 52% (12) of fatal crossing accidents.

Crossing-related fatalities totaled 31 in 2013 compared to 30 in 2012 and to the five-year average of 25. Pedestrians comprised 42% of crossing-related fatalities.

In 2013, 6 crossing accidents resulted in derailments, up from the 2012 total of 3 and also up from the five-year average of 4. In addition, 1 tanker truck was involved in a crossing accident, resulting in a release of petroleum crude oil.

For a third consecutive year, Alberta was the province where the most crossing accidents occurred comprising 27% of all crossing accidents, compared to 23% for the five-year average (Figure 9). Ontario had the second highest total, with 22% of crossings accidents compared to 26% for the 5 five-year average. These two provinces were followed by Saskatchewan with 20%. Manitoba and British Columbia each accounted for 10% of crossing accidents in Canada.

Figure 9. Number of crossing accidents by province [D]

Click image to enlarge.

Trespasser accidents (Table 9) involve persons, primarily pedestrians, not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way and who are struck by rolling stock other than at railway crossings. These accidents totaled 58 in 2013, down from the 2012 total of 74 and down from the five-year average of 73. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates a downward trend in trespasser accidents over the past 10 years.

In 2013, Ontario accounted for 53% of trespasser accidents with a total of 31, followed by British Columbia with 14%. Quebec and Alberta each accounted for 12% of all trespasser accidents.

In 2013, the proportion of trespasser accidents that were fatal (76%) was up compared to the five-year average of 66%. The proportion of trespasser accidents resulting in serious injuries (17%) was lower than the five-year average of 26%.

Figure 10. Number of trespasser accidents by province [D]

Click image to enlarge.

Incidents

Overview of incidents (Table 10)

In 2013, there were 218 reported rail incidents, down from the 235 recorded in 2012, but comparable to the five-year average of 216. Movement exceeds the limit of authority (44%) continued to be the main incident type since 2006, followed by dangerous goods leakers (43%) and runaway rolling stock (5%).

Figure 11. Number of rail incidents, 2003-2013 [D]

Click image to enlarge.

In 2013, there were 96 incidents where the movement exceeded the limit of authorityFootnote 12, a 20% decrease from the 120 recorded in 2012 and a 14% decrease from the five-year average of 111 (Figure 12).

Figure 12. Number of rail incidents by type [D]

Click image to enlarge.

A dangerous goods (DG) leaker incident is the unintentional release of a hazardous material while in transit and does not involve an accident. Thirty-five percent of these incidents involve release of petroleum crude oil. The reported DG leaker incidents totaled 94 in 2013, comparable to the 2012 total of 93, but a 23% increase from the five-year average of 76.

Appendices

Appendix A - Rail occurrence tables

Table 1 Railway occurrences and casualties 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Accidents 1413 1476 1371 1320 1179 1043 1074 1028 1027 1067
Main-track collisions 5 6 2 9 7 5 4 3 6 4
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars 96 103 83 76 66 39 40 44 34 50
Main-track derailments - 3 or more cars 64 95 56 84 62 28 40 58 32 33
Crossing accidents 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 171 190 188
Non-main-track collisions 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101 92
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars (a) 562 587 567 455 427 383 430 372 402 407
Non-main-track derailments - 3 or more cars (a) 151 171 136 175 143 114 110 116 106 113
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 26 19 17 30 27 50 34 33 24 41
Employee/Passenger accidents 12 8 16 18 12 12 9 11 7 8
Trespasser accidents 100 83 91 101 73 72 81 67 74 58
Fires/Explosions 15 17 25 25 12 20 30 23 17 11
Other accident types 23 20 25 27 38 37 23 42 34 62
Reportable incidents 257 245 220 223 216 207 188 233 235 218
Dangerous goods leaker 131 123 82 88 64 78 68 79 93 94
Main-track switch in abnormal position 12 10 7 7 13 4 5 10 5 7
Movement exceeds limits of authority 95 91 101 106 111 106 101 118 120 96
Runaway rolling stock 11 16 12 13 16 11 5 16 10 10
Other reportable incidents 8 5 18 9 12 8 9 10 7 11
Main-track accidents (b) 221 252 209 258 209 169 161 191 135 180
Million main-track train-miles (MMTTM) (c) 82.6 85.8 86.9 84.5 83.1 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1 78.1
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 2.7 2.9 2.4 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.4 1.7 2.3
Accidents involving dangerous goods 208 212 185 191 153 133 141 119 119 144
Main-track derailments 37 32 18 35 23 11 13 20 6 12
Crossing accidents 11 15 5 6 4 3 7 1 4 5
Non-main-track collisions 44 44 41 41 33 32 26 20 21 26
Non-main-track derailments 106 112 109 101 84 81 88 72 87 96
Other accident types 10 9 12 8 9 6 7 6 1 5
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 7 7 4 3 4 3 4 3 2 7
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 83 127
Crossing accidents 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 30 31
Trespasser accidents 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49 44
Other occurrence types (d) 8 2 8 3 1 0 2 1 4 52
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72 39
Crossing accidents 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32 27
Trespasser accidents 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21 10
Other occurrence types (d) 9 6 14 10 8 13 15 9 19 2

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Data from 2004 to 2007 have been adjusted in light of clarifications to industry of TSB's reporting requirements.
  2. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents.
  3. Main-track train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
  4. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.

Table 2. Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 83 127
Main-track collisions 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 2 0 3 1 0 0 1 0 3 47
Crossing accidents 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 30 31
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 5 2 4 1 1 0 1 1 0 4
Trespasser accidents 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49 44
Other accident types 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Reportable incidents 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72 39
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 2 2 0 0 8 0 10 0
Crossing accidents 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32 27
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 7 4 10 8 7 8 7 7 6 1
Trespasser accidents 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21 10
Other accident types 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0
Reportable incidents 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Fatalities by person type 101 103 95 84 74 71 81 71 83 127
Employees 6 2 6 2 1 0 1 1 4 5
Passengers 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Pedestrians 4 11 9 11 13 4 8 6 19 15
Vehicle occupants 23 28 16 17 14 17 15 22 17 17
Trespassers 68 62 60 54 43 49 55 42 43 43
Other person types 0 0 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 47
Serious injuries by person type 93 78 71 58 64 50 62 52 72 39
Employees 9 6 14 11 11 13 10 8 9 2
Passengers 0 1 1 0 1 1 7 0 14 1
Pedestrians 2 3 5 6 3 0 4 5 5 3
Vehicle occupants 48 51 25 17 30 22 22 18 23 23
Trespassers 32 17 25 24 19 14 19 21 21 10
Other person types 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.


Table 3. Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Freight trains 991 1078 1015 1043 991 799 827 811 792 820
Main-track collisions 7 6 2 12 9 8 6 4 8 7
Main-track derailments 149 189 134 155 118 64 74 100 60 78
Non-main-track collisions 119 88 115 96 97 82 93 94 94 86
Non-main-track derailments 413 486 445 476 478 395 410 391 375 408
Crossing accidents 194 220 198 178 186 149 137 133 159 146
Trespasser accidents 73 58 70 69 50 51 54 43 52 39
Other accident types 36 31 51 57 53 50 53 46 44 56
Passenger trains 80 84 72 83 79 68 62 71 49 49
Main-track collisions 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 3 5 3 0 3 0 3 2 2 2
Non-main-track collisions 5 4 1 4 3 1 1 5 1 0
Non-main-track derailments 10 10 10 8 17 11 8 5 5 6
Crossing accidents 32 37 34 28 24 25 21 19 14 19
Trespasser accidents 26 24 18 32 21 20 26 24 19 17
Other accident types 3 4 6 11 9 11 3 16 8 5
Track units 55 40 41 50 49 82 63 59 40 76
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 8 8 7 3 6 4 9 7 2 7
Trespasser accidents 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 46 32 33 46 43 78 53 52 38 69
Single car/Cut of cars 93 94 144 145 107 141 117 100 123 105
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 1 3 1 1 0 0 1 1
Non-main-track collisions 61 49 63 61 52 89 68 52 70 56
Non-main-track derailments 20 37 73 76 49 42 40 36 42 34
Crossing accidents 0 0 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 1
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 12 8 6 4 3 6 9 11 7 13
Other train/rolling stock types (a) 314 271 209 120 64 84 133 98 142 115
Main-track collisions 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
Main-track derailments 8 5 1 5 6 2 3 2 3 2
Non-main-track collisions 18 12 13 10 8 8 20 15 27 13
Non-main-track derailments 283 242 182 84 37 59 93 61 90 74
Crossing accidents 2 4 5 10 8 8 13 12 14 15
Trespasser accidents 0 1 2 0 2 1 2 0 3 2
Other accident types 3 6 6 10 3 6 1 8 4 9

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.

  1. Other train/rolling stock types include mainly locomotive. Note that from 2004 to 2007, the categories also include uncategorized data submitted in June 2007 as a result of clarification to industry of TSB reporting requirements.

Table 4a. Main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Main-track derailments by province 160 198 139 160 128 67 80 102 66 83
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 1 1 1
Nova Scotia 2 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 1
New Brunswick 3 3 0 6 1 1 0 0 0 1
Quebec 23 26 21 12 16 8 10 10 8 8
Ontario 52 60 41 39 35 21 19 24 7 18
Manitoba 10 10 9 12 13 4 6 11 8 3
Saskatchewan 15 24 12 18 14 9 14 11 4 13
Alberta 23 29 20 31 30 13 14 21 17 20
British Columbia 32 44 34 39 18 10 14 24 21 18
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles (a) 1.94 2.31 1.60 1.89 1.54 0.93 1.03 1.30 0.82 1.06
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles (b) 0.36 0.43 0.30 0.35 0.28 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.13  
Derailments by number of derailed cars 160 198 139 160 128 67 80 102 66 83
1 car 81 87 66 62 54 29 29 35 28 45
2 cars 15 16 17 14 12 10 11 9 6 5
3 cars 6 9 3 11 6 3 2 6 4 5
4 cars 7 9 0 8 5 3 3 6 2 6
5 to 10 cars 22 40 23 27 24 12 18 26 15 8
11 cars or more 29 37 30 38 27 10 17 20 11 14

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. The source of the million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
  2. The source of the billion gross ton-miles is the Railway Association of Canada.

Table 4b. Main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total number of assigned factors 191 229 173 182 152 81 89 118 67 86
Environmental 7 10 8 17 12 6 1 6 4 5
Equipment 72 84 54 61 42 23 26 45 19 26
Axle 14 21 5 14 11 5 7 9 6 7
Brakes 9 13 8 8 3 6 2 7 3 1
Draft system 13 10 5 10 4 4 4 4 4 2
Superstrucure 3 7 6 8 5 0 2 3 2 6
Truck 12 8 8 5 5 1 5 6 2 5
Wheel 19 23 21 16 12 7 6 16 2 5
Track 72 87 67 59 61 34 32 40 27 29
Geometry 23 34 24 25 22 12 14 16 14 9
Object on track 0 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 0 2
Other track material 8 2 4 2 6 5 2 4 2 0
Rail 25 35 25 18 27 7 8 11 7 11
Roadbed 7 2 8 3 4 5 2 5 4 4
Switch 3 2 2 0 1 2 2 1 0 1
Turnouts 3 4 0 6 0 0 1 0 0 1
Actions 23 29 21 20 20 10 24 19 14 24
Failure to protect 4 4 3 4 8 3 2 5 4 5
Failure to secure 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Failure to use equipment properly 6 11 6 6 6 5 10 7 2 9
Improper loading/lifting 1 1 2 3 1 1 3 0 2 1
Improper placement/position for task 6 5 1 2 1 0 4 2 2 6
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 3 4 4 1 3 0 1 1 0 0
Operating at improper speed 1 2 5 1 1 0 3 3 1 2
Vandalism 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other actions 1 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0
Other assigned factors 17 19 23 25 17 8 6 8 3 2
Derailments by number of assigned factors 160 198 139 160 128 67 80 102 66 83
One factor assigned 137 171 119 146 116 58 72 90 65 69
More than one factor assigned 21 24 18 12 12 9 7 12 1 8
No factor assigned 2 3 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 6

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.


Table 5a Non-main-track collisions (province, number of derailed cars) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Non-main-track collisions by province 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101 92
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 1 5 1 3 1 1 1 1 2
Quebec 20 17 19 11 5 6 11 12 8 10
Ontario 28 28 25 29 26 24 15 16 10 16
Manitoba 14 11 7 13 9 15 14 15 21 13
Saskatchewan 4 5 8 10 10 5 3 8 12 10
Alberta 33 20 24 23 27 25 29 16 34 28
British Columbia 23 16 21 14 10 19 20 20 15 13
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions by number of derailed cars 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101 92
No cars derailed 69 63 56 41 33 49 51 50 63 63
1 car 26 14 28 23 23 26 23 20 14 17
2 cars 14 12 10 15 11 8 7 8 10 7
3 cars 9 5 7 8 9 5 4 3 6 2
4 cars 2 1 4 8 8 3 4 5 5 0
5 to 10 cars 3 3 5 5 5 3 3 2 3 3
11 cars or more 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 0 0 0

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.


Table 5b Non-main-track collisions (assigned factors) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total number of assigned factors 148 118 129 119 98 107 110 104 114 105
Environmental 3 4 1 4 1 4 1 2 4 1
Equipment 1 1 1 4 1 2 1 3 4 4
Track 4 10 2 2 4 6 5 1 3 6
Actions 114 83 109 90 72 83 95 91 100 88
Failure to protect 70 52 64 59 49 55 64 64 63 50
Failure to secure 30 16 26 18 6 12 10 10 16 11
Failure to use equipment properly 8 4 6 5 10 11 9 8 10 13
Improper placement/position for task 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 1 2 2 3 0 1 3 4 2 3
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 3 6 8 5 7 4 6 5 8 8
Vandalism 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
Other assigned factors 26 20 16 19 20 12 8 7 3 6
Collisions by number of assigned factors 123 98 110 102 91 95 93 88 101 92
One factor assigned 99 78 92 89 86 83 76 72 88 65
More than one factor assigned 23 19 17 13 4 12 17 16 13 20
No factor assigned 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 7

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.


Table 6a Non-main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Non-main-track derailments by province 713 758 703 630 570 497 540 488 508 520
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1
Nova Scotia 23 13 14 6 3 4 4 3 4 2
New Brunswick 19 16 24 11 16 8 9 13 6 5
Quebec 150 133 117 68 70 50 59 63 72 53
Ontario 227 233 201 164 135 108 112 106 91 91
Manitoba 58 57 52 47 65 73 65 53 59 56
Saskatchewan 57 70 48 69 50 43 62 75 68 86
Alberta 94 125 143 145 109 127 147 103 141 139
British Columbia 85 109 103 119 122 80 82 71 66 86
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 1 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 1
Derailments by number of derailed cars 713 758 703 630 570 497 540 488 508 520
1 car 406 419 397 328 291 278 293 263 279 309
2 cars 156 168 170 127 136 105 137 109 123 98
3 cars 61 60 44 79 56 40 50 46 39 48
4 cars 38 34 40 40 24 32 16 29 22 26
5 to 10 cars 46 69 44 53 54 41 41 36 40 36
11 cars or more 6 8 8 3 9 1 3 5 5 3

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.


Table 6b Non main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Total number of assigned factors 754 796 741 659 603 534 602 543 540 568
Environmental 38 33 18 40 47 22 27 54 27 65
Equipment 71 74 52 53 41 48 50 54 48 33
Axle 0 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 1 0
Brakes 12 21 13 9 12 18 13 12 6 7
Draft system 15 12 8 11 9 15 16 11 10 3
Superstrucure 10 11 9 9 7 4 2 11 8 5
Truck 15 13 11 7 4 3 9 6 14 13
Wheel 17 15 10 10 5 8 9 13 8 5
Track 251 292 282 235 230 205 214 162 196 196
Appurtenances 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 0 3 1
Geometry 91 112 97 99 86 94 94 66 76 71
Object on track 8 8 14 1 6 5 1 2 3 2
Other track material 22 21 25 14 8 11 13 7 6 5
Rail 24 24 32 29 31 24 22 18 30 36
Roadbed 13 13 6 8 8 5 15 24 12 9
Signals 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
Switch 42 51 48 34 55 37 49 30 50 55
Turnouts 41 54 48 32 27 24 16 12 11 11
Actions 336 349 329 282 254 221 286 241 249 248
Failure to protect 176 202 193 181 165 147 173 141 137 134
Failure to secure 26 22 7 8 9 3 7 2 11 5
Failure to use equipment properly 81 84 93 66 48 47 69 70 74 77
Improper loading/lifting 1 8 3 0 7 2 5 7 4 5
Improper placement/position for task 9 14 10 6 4 9 8 8 11 5
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 5 4 4 1 5 2 3 2 2 3
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 9 2 5 7 0 0 2 0 0 1
Operating at improper speed 11 4 6 5 9 6 14 4 3 9
Vandalism 12 6 7 5 5 4 5 6 3 4
Other actions 6 3 1 3 2 1 0 1 4 5
Other assigned factors 58 48 60 49 31 38 25 32 20 26
Derailments by number of assigned factors 713 758 703 630 570 497 540 488 508 520
One factor assigned 643 695 630 585 538 465 481 423 476 429
More than one factor assigned 50 49 51 36 31 32 59 60 32 69
No factor assigned 20 14 22 9 1 0 0 5 0 22

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.


Table 7 Crossing accidents by type and protection 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Crossing accidents 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 171 190 188
Public crossings 183 231 197 181 177 157 154 148 168 175
Passive warnings 64 70 77 73 63 56 67 60 73 69
Automated warnings 119 161 120 108 114 101 87 88 95 106
Flashing lights & bells 77 105 76 63 73 55 56 51 47 54
Gates 42 53 36 37 39 44 30 36 48 45
Other automated warnings 0 3 8 8 2 2 1 1 0 7
Private crossings 49 33 44 31 38 30 24 15 18 11
Farm crossings 4 5 2 6 6 1 2 8 4 2
Fatal accidents 21 34 25 22 24 17 19 24 26 23
Fatalities 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 30 31
Public crossings 25 32 25 23 25 18 23 21 29 31
Passive warnings 6 7 8 5 5 6 5 5 12 3
Automated warnings 19 25 17 18 20 12 18 16 17 28
Flashing lights & bells 11 13 10 8 9 6 8 9 7 7
Gates 8 12 7 9 11 6 10 7 10 21
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 0 4 3 2 0 1 1 1 0 0
Farm crossings 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 1 0
Serious injuries 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32 27
Public crossings 47 48 27 21 30 20 25 20 29 26
Passive warnings 15 9 8 13 12 9 14 3 15 7
Automated warnings 32 39 19 8 18 11 11 17 14 19
Flashing lights & bells 21 23 13 5 16 8 5 9 6 4
Gates 11 15 6 3 2 3 6 8 8 13
Other automated warnings 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Private crossings 3 6 2 0 4 1 3 1 3 0
Farm crossings 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1
Number of public crossings (a) 18,678 18,216 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113
Passive warnings 12,501 12,060 12,138 11,439 n/a 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628 10,548
Automated warnings 6,177 6,156 6,415 6,011 n/a 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601 5,565
Flashing lights & bells 4,147 4,059 4,193 3,827 n/a 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288 3,235
Gates 2,007 2,073 2,175 2,150 n/a 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254 2,275
Other automated warnings 23 24 47 34 n/a 61 61 59 59 55

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2013 was provided on February 26, 2014. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.

Table 8 Crossing accidents by province 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Crossing accidents 236 269 243 218 221 188 180 171 190 188
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Nova Scotia 2 5 4 3 0 3 3 0 1 0
New Brunswick 2 3 2 2 2 4 5 6 3 3
Quebec 62 56 39 39 27 28 21 27 18 18
Ontario 69 92 66 52 66 48 52 39 40 41
Manitoba 19 18 20 20 13 18 20 7 26 19
Saskatchewan 16 19 26 23 28 24 24 23 32 37
Alberta 38 56 56 48 54 36 37 47 48 50
British Columbia 26 18 29 31 31 25 18 20 22 19
Northwest Territories/Yukon 2 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1
Crossing accidents on main-track (a) 229 259 233 211 212 180 174 167 180 173
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles (b) 2.8 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2
Crossing accidents with derailment 9 12 4 6 6 6 3 4 3 6
Fatalities 25 37 28 25 26 19 24 25 30 31
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1
Quebec 9 7 7 1 6 1 1 4 1 2
Ontario 12 16 13 12 12 3 6 9 11 14
Manitoba 1 2 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 0
Saskatchewan 1 2 1 2 3 5 5 1 8 3
Alberta 2 6 4 5 2 3 6 5 4 7
British Columbia 0 3 1 4 1 3 2 2 2 4
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 50 55 29 21 36 21 28 22 32 27
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
New Brunswick 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 14 11 4 2 3 3 3 4 1 1
Ontario 11 21 9 7 11 3 5 7 8 15
Manitoba 6 1 4 2 4 3 5 1 7 0
Saskatchewan 3 4 2 4 5 4 2 2 6 5
Alberta 9 12 8 4 7 5 8 4 7 5
British Columbia 5 3 1 1 5 3 3 4 3 1
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings (c) 18,678 18,216 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113
Newfoundland & Labrador 7 7 7 5 n/a 5 5 5 5 5
Nova Scotia 119 119 160 119 n/a 180 180 180 180 182
New Brunswick 190 190 308 148 n/a 347 340 340 340 342
Quebec 1,680 1,660 1,767 1,662 n/a 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968 1,967
Ontario 4,772 4,768 4,947 4,083 n/a 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884 3,792
Manitoba 2,372 2,360 2,363 2,309 n/a 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939 1,929
Saskatchewan 5,764 5,462 5,439 4,986 n/a 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656 3,652
Alberta 2,872 2,791 2,655 2,854 n/a 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777 2,767
British Columbia 883 840 888 1,265 n/a 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454 1,451
Northwest Territories/Yukon 19 19 19 19 n/a 15 26 26 26 26

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

  1. Includes crossing accidents on main-track or on spurs.
  2. The source for million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data is estimated.
  3. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2013 was provided on February 26, 2014. Figures for previous years are shapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.

Table 9 Trespasser accidents by province 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Trespasser accidents 100 83 91 101 73 72 81 67 74 58
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 2 2 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 2 1 4 2 3 1 2 1 1
Quebec 16 14 9 12 13 12 13 9 11 7
Ontario 45 43 43 47 37 35 35 32 33 31
Manitoba 3 6 5 7 4 1 3 1 2 2
Saskatchewan 3 0 2 0 3 4 3 2 6 2
Alberta 16 6 17 14 7 4 9 7 10 7
British Columbia 14 10 14 15 6 13 17 13 11 8
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 67 64 58 56 47 52 53 44 47 44
Fatalities 68 64 59 56 47 52 55 45 49 44
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 1 0 3 2 3 0 1 1 1
Quebec 10 12 6 7 10 7 10 8 8 4
Ontario 32 33 31 32 24 30 27 26 21 27
Manitoba 3 4 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2
Saskatchewan 4 0 1 0 2 2 2 1 4 2
Alberta 11 5 11 7 4 3 6 2 8 4
British Columbia 7 8 9 4 3 6 8 6 5 4
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 34 17 28 27 20 16 19 21 21 10
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
Quebec 6 2 3 3 0 3 4 2 2 3
Ontario 13 9 13 7 12 5 5 6 12 3
Manitoba 0 1 3 4 2 0 1 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
Alberta 5 1 3 4 2 1 3 4 2 1
British Columbia 8 2 4 8 2 6 5 7 5 3
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.


Table 10 Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors) 2004-2013
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Reportable incidents 257 245 220 223 216 207 188 233 235 218
Dangerous goods leaker 131 123 82 88 64 78 68 79 93 94
Main-track switch in abnormal position 12 10 7 7 13 4 5 10 5 7
Movement exceeds limits of authority 95 91 101 106 111 106 101 118 120 96
Runaway rolling stock 11 16 12 13 16 11 5 16 10 10
Signal less restrictive than required 1 1 6 0 3 1 4 3 1 1
Unprotected overlap of authorities 5 3 7 8 7 7 4 7 5 4
Crew member incapacitated 2 1 5 1 2 0 1 0 1 6
Total assigned factors 267 257 217 173 225 212 195 239 240 209
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 131 124 78 73 61 77 68 77 90 88
Equipment 2 1 1 0 5 2 2 1 2 4
Individual/Personal 20 17 13 4 3 0 0 0 1 3
Track 0 2 3 0 2 2 1 5 2 2
Actions 111 112 116 90 148 130 114 144 136 102
Failure to protect 39 35 31 38 55 34 35 55 37 32
Failure to secure 6 11 8 1 10 6 4 11 3 4
Failure to use equipment properly 6 2 5 1 3 4 3 5 1 7
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 5 7 11 4 6 8 8 11 14 7
Lap of authority 48 50 55 41 65 72 59 59 75 47
Vandalism 4 4 0 3 1 3 1 2 4 1
Other actions 3 3 6 2 8 3 4 1 2 4
Other assigned factors 3 1 6 6 6 1 10 12 9 10
Incidents by number of assigned factors 257 245 220 223 216 207 188 233 235 218
One factor assigned 212 199 164 163 206 202 181 225 225 200
More than one factor assigned 27 28 24 5 9 5 7 7 7 4
No factor assigned 18 18 32 55 1 0 0 1 3 14

Data extracted February 17, 2014.

Federally regulated railway occurrences.

TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.

Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.


Appendix B – Definitions

The following definitions apply to railway occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.Footnote 13

Railway occurrence

  1. Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway, and
  2. Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph (a) above.

Reportable railway accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of rolling stock, where:

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of:
  2. being on board or getting off the rolling stock, or
  3. coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents, or
  4. the rolling stock:
  5. is involved in a grade-crossing collision,
  6. is involved in a collision or derailment and is carrying passengers,
  7. is involved in a collision or derailment and is carrying dangerous goods, or is known to have last contained dangerous goods the residue of which has not been purged from the rolling stock,
  8. sustains damage that affects its safe operation, orcauses or sustains a fire or explosion, or causes damage to the railway, that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment.

Reportable railway incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of rolling stock, where:

  1. a risk of collision occurs;
  2. an unprotected main track switch is left in an abnormal position;
  3. a railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock;
  4. an unprotected overlap of operating authorities occurs;
  5. a movement of rolling stock exceeds the limits of its authority;
  6. there is runaway rolling stock;
  7. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  8. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the rolling stock.

Serious injury

An injury that is likely to require admission to a hospital.

Dangerous goods involvement

An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g. tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable railway accident.

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Footnote 2

Other accident types are, but not limited to, trespasser, collisions/derailments involving track units, rolling stock collision with object, or employee/passenger accidents.

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Footnote 3

On occasion, accidents involving dangerous goods can include road vehicles carrying or having recently carried dangerous goods. One such accident in 2013 involved a tanker truck at a crossing, resulting in a release of petroleum crude oil.

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Footnote 4

Source: Railway Association of Canada

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Footnote 5

Trespasser accidents involve persons, primarily pedestrians, not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way and who are struck by rolling stock other than at railway crossings.

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Footnote 6

A crossing accident is when a railway rolling stock is involved in a grade-crossing collision with a motor vehicle or pedestrian, resulting in death, serious injury or property damage.

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Footnote 7

Accidents which occur on main-track or spurs (not including crossing and trespasser accidents) are combined in order to match the figures used in the activity data, which is based on combined main track and spur million track miles.

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Footnote 8

As provided to TSB by the Strategic Information Branch of Transport Canada.

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Footnote 9

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

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Footnote 10

Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. Since multiple factors can contribute to an occurrence, the TSB may assign additional factors to an occurrence. Note that when multiple factors are assigned to an accident they are considered to have acted in combination to contribute to the occurrence.

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Footnote 11

Actions-related factors are, but not limited to, non-compliance with prescribed procedures such as failure to protect or failure to secure. Note that in previous publications, Actions-related factors were referred to as Rules-related factors.

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Footnote 12

Movement exceeds limits of authority is when a train or track unit movement occupies a main track (including signalled sidings, signalled yard tracks and station tracks) or portion thereof without the required authorization.

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Footnote 13

In effect until 12 March, 2014.

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