Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2012

Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian maritime safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on marine occurrences. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when using these statistics. The 2012 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 1 February 2013.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary, Marine Occurrences 2012, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.


Marine occurrences in 2012

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Casualties (Tables 1 and 7)

In 2012, 286 marine accidentsFootnote 1 were reported to the TSB, down from the 2011 total of 326 and the 2007–2011 average of 391. Over the past 10 years, nearly 90% of marine accidents were shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship.

Shipping accidents reached a 38-year low of 236 in 2012, an 18% decrease from the 2011 total of 287 and a 30% decrease from the 2007–2011 average of 337. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates that there has been a significant downward trendFootnote 2 in the number of shipping accidents since 2003 (p < 0.0001) (Figure 1).

Figure 1 - Accidents and accident rates [D]

Figure 1 — Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

In 2012, there were 50 accidents aboard ship, up from 39 in 2011 but down from the 2007–2011 average of 54. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on cargo/bulk carrier/OBOFootnote 3 vessels (42%) and fishing vessels (40%).

Marine fatalities totalled 12 in 2012 (Figure 2), down from a total of 16 in 2011 and down from an annual average of 19 in 2007–2011. In 2012, cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessel accidents accounted for 2 of the 4 shipping vessel accident fatalities. There were 6 fishing vessel fatalities in 2012, down from the annual average of 11 fatalities in 2007-2011. Accidents aboard fishing vessels led to 5 of the 8 accident aboard ship fatalities. A shipping accident led to 1 fishing vessel fatality in 2012.

Injuries in 2012 totalled 66, up from 41 in 2011 and close to the annual average of 68 in 2007–2011. Forty-four of the 66 injuries (42 of the 48 serious injuries) resulted from accidents aboard ship.

Figure 2 - Marine fatalities and injuries, 2003–2012 [D]

Figure 2 — Marine fatalities and injuries, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Shipping Accidents

Type of Accidents (Table 1): As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2012 were groundings (28%), strikings (23%) and fire/explosion accidents (14%). Total groundings decreased by 27% from the five-year average (from 90 to 66), while fire/explosion accidents decreased by 39% (from 54 to 33) and strikings remained approximately the same.

Figure 3 - Shipping accidents by accident type, 2003–2012 [D]

Figure 3 — Shipping accidents by accident type, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Type of Vessels (Table 1): In 2012, there were 16 164 registered fishing vessels in CanadaFootnote 4, representing 52% of all registered vessels excluding pleasure craft. Ninety-eight fishing vessels (37% of all accident-involved vessels) were involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), down from 121 (37%) in 2011 and the 2007–2011 average of 152 (41%). After fishing vessels, 42 bulk carriers/OBO vessels (16%) and 37 tugs/barges (14%) were involved most often in shipping accidents.

Figure 4 - Shipping accidents by vessel type, 2003–2012 [D]

Figure 4 — Shipping accidents by vessel type, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Geographical Region (Tables 2a and 2b): In 2012, 73% of shipping accidents occurred in three of the seven geographical regions (Figure 5): the Western region (33%), the Maritimes region (22%) and the Laurentian region (18%). The Central and Newfoundland regions accounted for 14% and 8% of shipping accidents respectively in 2012. Shipping accidents decreased from the 2007–2011 average by 63% (from 51 to 19) in the Newfoundland region, 34% (from 65 to 43) in the Laurentian region, 25% (from 68 to 51) in the Maritimes region, and 23% (from 101 to 78) in the Western region. Within the narrower waterways of the Central and Laurentian regions, accidents most often involved larger commercial vessels such as cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels. The remaining 6% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters (7) or in the Arctic region (6).

Fishing vessels accounted for 71% of all vessels involved in shipping accidents in the Maritimes region and 78% in the Newfoundland region. In these regions, 57 fishing vessels were involved in shipping accidents, down 37% from the 2007–2011 average of 90.

Figure 5 - Shipping accidents by region, 2003–2012 [D]

Figure 5 — Shipping accidents by region, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Vessel Flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4): In 2012, 81% of the 262 vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 45% of the Canadian-flag vessels were fishing vessels, 44% were commercial non-fishing vessels and the remaining 11% were non‑commercial vessels, pleasure craft or service vessels (Figure 6). The downward 10 year trends are statistically significant for both Canadian-flag fishing vessels (p<.001) and for Canadian-flag non-fishing vessels (p<.01).

Figure 6 - Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents, 2003–2012 [D]

Figure 6 — Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Marine activityFootnote 5 for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels over 15 gross tons (grt) (excluding passenger vessels and cruise ships) decreased by 2% from the 2007–2011 average. This yields an accident rate of 2.7 accidents per 1000 movements, down from the five-year average of 4.2.

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2012, groundings (33%) and fire/explosions (20%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in strikings (38%), or groundings (25%).

In 2012, 51 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 92% of which were commercial non-fishing vessels, 43% of which were involved in strikings. Marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels decreased by 1% from the 2007-2011 average while the accident rate decreased to 1.5 accidents per 1000 movements from the five-year average of 1.6.

Vessels Lost (Tables 1 and 6): In 2012, 24 vessels were reported lost, up from 22 in 2011, but down from the 2007–2011 average of 28. During the past 10 years, small fishing vessels (less than 15 grt)Footnote 6 have accounted for the largest proportion of vessels lost in Canada. Of the 24 vessels lost in 2011, 23 were fishing vessels. Nearly half of the vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and 46% were 20 years or older.

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 2a and 2b)

In 2012, 274 marine incidentsFootnote 7 were reported to the TSB, up from a total of 221 in 2011 and an annual average of 248 in 2007–2011. In 2012, incidents in the Western region represented 46% of all marine incidents. The proportion of marine incidents in other regions was as follows: Laurentian 26%, Central 14%, Maritimes 6% and Newfoundland 3%. The remaining 5% of reported incidents took place in foreign waters (8) or in the Arctic region (6).

The majority of reportable incidents consisted of engine/rudder/propeller failures. The Western region had the majority of both close-quarters situations (87%) and engine/rudder/propeller incidents (46%).

In 2012, vessels most often involved in close-quarters situations were commercial vessels (64%) and fishing vessels (11%). In the majority of these incidents, the vessels involved were ferries, tugs, and passenger vessels.


Appendices

Appendix A Marine occurrence tables

Table 1, Marine occurrences (types, vessels and losses involved), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents 549 492 490 472 460 420 394 355 326 286
Shipping accidents by type (a) 481 442 444 422 398 361 341 299 287 236
Collision 24 12 20 19 13 17 15 10 13 6
Capsizing 11 19 10 18 12 13 8 8 2 6
Foundering/Sinking 30 17 21 24 20 32 22 19 13 13
Fire/Explosion 65 51 69 55 49 62 53 54 52 33
Grounding 118 108 87 112 95 71 110 102 72 66
Striking 76 82 81 63 61 57 51 41 55 55
Ice damage 28 17 11 2 26 15 0 1 0 1
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 39 36 43 56 41 15 16 8 18 11
Flooding 49 63 59 46 49 45 34 23 24 22
Other 41 37 43 27 32 34 32 33 38 23
Accidents aboard ship 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 50
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by type of vessel 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 324 262
Cargo 18 21 19 30 25 18 22 18 20 25
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 48 52 70 60 56 49 53 43 35 42
Tanker 15 7 15 13 9 6 10 12 11 6
Tug 34 32 30 27 43 48 22 22 25 30
Barge 31 34 27 33 29 29 28 17 21 7
Ferry 25 20 26 26 25 30 25 20 24 14
Passenger 41 29 20 19 17 15 15 15 16 16
Fishing 260 227 237 208 190 173 140 136 121 98
Service vessel 27 25 20 22 25 25 34 22 23 15
Non-commercial 14 11 10 14 10 11 13 7 12 1
Other 13 13 17 9 7 6 14 9 16 8
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel flag 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 324 262
Canadian non-fishing vessels 216 193 185 190 192 196 178 136 159 117
Canadian fishing vessels 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134 117 94
Foreign vessels 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 51 48 51
Vessels lost by gross tonnage 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22 24
1600 gross tons and over 2 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0 0
150 to 1599 gross tons 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 0 0 1
60 to 149 gross tons 8 5 6 7 8 4 5 4 2 3
15 to 59 gross tons 12 8 7 6 9 14 7 10 9 9
Less than 15 gross tons 12 3 9 13 10 11 6 8 10 9
Unknown tonnage 2 6 4 4 3 3 6 5 1 2
Fatalities 19 28 21 18 15 30 15 18 16 12
Shipping accidents 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 4
Accidents aboard ship 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 8
Injuries 95 82 65 81 82 68 68 82 41 66
Shipping accidents 35 37 25 26 30 17 21 15 10 22
Accidents aboard ship 60 45 40 55 52 51 47 67 31 44
Reportable incidents by type (b) 251 269 260 235 260 276 247 234 221 274
Close-quarters situation 60 67 56 30 21 20 12 27 33 23
Engine/Rudder/Propeller 83 106 85 112 90 129 124 127 105 141
Cargo trouble 3 1 4 4 1 6 5 3 2 5
Personal incidents 14 9 4 12 21 10 9 13 5 6
Other 91 86 111 77 127 111 97 64 76 99

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

  1. Due to changes in the application of reporting criteria by the TSB in 2009, some accidents formerly categorized as Ice damage are now categorized as Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 2a, Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region
(Western, Central, Laurentian and Maritimes regions), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Western region                    
Shipping accidents 141 125 125 124 102 109 114 89 90 78
Accidents aboard ship 21 15 14 15 20 15 21 13 10 15
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 159 135 145 142 116 131 127 97 104 90
Cargo 5 3 2 9 3 3 9 5 4 10
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 4 7 3 3 2 4 5 0 2 4
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 26 19 26 25 12 15 15 9 13 9
Tug/Barge 31 31 34 38 42 48 24 23 28 20
Fishing 76 65 69 51 43 54 49 48 39 35
Other 17 10 11 16 14 7 24 12 18 12
Vessels lost 11 6 8 15 11 10 8 5 3 7
Fatalities 6 8 7 6 8 9 6 6 6 3
Incidents 95 98 87 84 68 146 111 117 119 127
Central region                    
Shipping accidents 53 59 52 46 51 45 36 41 27 32
Accidents aboard ship 2 7 3 4 9 14 7 10 2 7
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 59 62 55 50 55 51 39 44 31 35
Cargo 2 11 3 3 6 4 0 7 3 5
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 15 22 29 25 21 23 19 16 11 13
Tanker 4 1 4 2 1 2 3 2 5 0
Ferry/Passenger 14 7 3 7 11 2 0 9 3 6
Tug/Barge 15 10 9 6 9 12 7 3 4 3
Fishing 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 3
Other 8 9 6 5 6 7 9 5 4 5
Vessels lost 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 0
Fatalities 2 4 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2
Incidents 23 25 32 33 45 28 34 42 28 37
Laurentian region                    
Shipping accidents 56 62 94 61 76 56 78 54 60 43
Accidents aboard ship 17 8 13 11 16 15 10 19 12 10
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 60 66 107 66 87 60 89 57 69 45
Cargo 3 5 11 11 11 7 10 4 7 7
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 19 17 32 17 20 14 25 19 14 18
Tanker 5 4 11 7 7 4 4 4 3 4
Ferry/Passenger 10 11 7 3 10 12 8 8 13 6
Tug/Barge 5 7 7 8 17 7 12 8 8 6
Fishing 13 15 25 15 15 9 20 9 15 3
Other 5 7 14 5 7 7 10 5 9 1
Vessels lost 6 1 2 0 2 0 3 1 2 1
Fatalities 2 4 2 2 0 3 2 2 1 1
Incidents 77 88 115 78 89 67 66 45 57 71
Maritimes region                    
Shipping accidents 129 101 95 100 64 77 64 70 65 51
Accidents aboard ship 13 8 7 11 8 6 10 2 4 6
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 138 108 104 107 66 88 71 75 70 55
Cargo 3 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 3 1
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 1 0 1 3 1 1 0 1 3 1
Tanker 3 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 2 0
Ferry/Passenger 11 7 7 5 5 9 7 1 7 4
Tug/Barge 6 4 4 4 0 2 2 4 3 5
Fishing 99 80 79 78 50 63 50 58 44 39
Other 15 17 11 14 8 13 9 11 8 5
Vessels lost 14 9 9 12 7 15 5 12 13 11
Fatalities 7 8 2 3 3 9 3 7 3 3
Incidents 35 28 16 21 18 16 16 7 8 16

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 2b, Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region
(Newfoundland, Arctic region and Foreign waters), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Newfoundland region                    
Shipping accidents 80 73 70 74 88 61 37 32 37 19
Accidents aboard ship 9 10 8 4 4 5 4 8 11 9
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 86 73 71 76 92 64 38 34 42 23
Cargo 0 1 1 6 3 3 1 2 3 1
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 3 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
Tanker 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 1 0
Ferry/Passenger 5 5 2 3 4 7 10 7 4 4
Tug/Barge 2 2 0 0 1 2 2 0 3 0
Fishing 71 64 62 60 81 45 20 19 22 18
Other 5 0 5 4 3 6 4 3 8 0
Vessels lost 7 6 6 6 11 8 8 6 4 5
Fatalities 0 3 9 6 2 6 3 1 6 3
Incidents 17 20 9 11 31 9 12 13 5 9
Arctic region                    
Shipping accidents 7 6 0 4 3 5 6 5 1 6
Accidents aboard ship 5 1 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 2
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 7 8 0 4 4 5 6 5 1 7
Cargo 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 2
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1
Tug/Barge 0 2 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 3
Fishing 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Other 3 5 0 1 3 1 3 1 1 0
Vessels lost 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Fatalities 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Incidents 1 5 0 2 0 2 2 3 1 6
Foreign waters                    
Shipping accidents 15 16 8 13 14 8 6 8 7 7
Accidents aboard ship 1 1 1 2 4 3 1 4 0 1
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 17 19 9 16 16 11 6 9 7 7
Cargo 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 6 5 4 11 12 6 3 7 4 6
Tanker 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 6 10 3 3 3 4 0 1 0 0
Fishing 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 3 1
Vessels lost 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Fatalities 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
Incidents 3 5 1 6 9 8 6 7 3 8

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 3, Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident
(including commercial accident rate), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Canadian-flag vessels involved 469 416 415 388 376 368 313 270 276 211
Commercial vessels 165 147 140 146 151 159 120 101 111 93
Collision 20 8 15 13 10 9 7 6 8 2
Capsizing 7 4 3 8 9 4 3 5 1 3
Foundering/Sinking 6 3 6 8 9 11 13 5 4 1
Fire/Explosion 20 17 24 18 15 21 12 14 19 8
Grounding 35 31 20 35 27 26 35 34 16 23
Striking 44 46 46 37 41 45 28 24 38 35
Ice damage 4 2 4 0 2 0 0 1 0 1
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 8 10 3 5 9 9 6 1 6 5
Flooding 4 9 7 11 6 22 6 0 0 4
Other 17 17 12 11 23 12 10 11 19 11
Commercial movements (a) 39,802 36,208 39,264 41,076 34,436 29,717 24,783 25,231 27,893 27,900
Commercial accident rate (b) 3.3 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.9 4.7 4.6 3.7 3.9 2.7
Fishing vessels 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134 117 94
Collision 15 7 17 11 11 13 6 4 12 5
Capsizing 5 9 5 7 3 5 3 1 1 3
Foundering/Sinking 19 11 17 15 10 20 7 13 9 11
Fire/Explosion 38 28 31 22 22 35 26 28 24 19
Grounding 67 67 54 49 49 36 56 51 43 31
Striking 15 8 13 4 6 7 4 3 3 4
Ice damage 21 14 5 2 23 15 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 24 20 30 48 17 4 1 1 3 1
Flooding 39 50 46 31 39 24 20 19 19 17
Other 10 9 12 9 4 13 12 14 3 3
Other vessels 51 46 45 44 41 37 58 35 48 24
Collision 7 6 4 7 3 8 10 6 3 2
Capsizing 0 4 2 3 0 3 2 2 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 5 2 0 1 2 2 2 1 0 0
Fire/Explosion 7 4 9 8 8 4 10 6 6 3
Grounding 8 3 7 9 11 5 13 4 6 6
Striking 13 7 10 9 9 5 7 5 13 3
Ice damage 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 3 1
Flooding 2 3 2 2 3 0 4 1 4 2
Other 6 15 8 4 3 8 9 9 13 7

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

  1. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012 data are estimated.
  2. The accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 4, Foreign-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident
(including commercial accident rates), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Foreign-flag vessels involved 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 51 48 51
Commercial vessels 47 48 67 62 53 36 55 46 41 47
Collision 5 3 4 6 0 2 6 2 3 1
Capsizing 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 2 5 7 5 3 4 5 4 4
Grounding 8 6 3 18 8 7 7 12 6 9
Striking 18 26 31 20 15 12 16 14 13 20
Ice damage 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 5 4 7 2 13 0 8 5 6 4
Flooding 2 0 2 1 1 0 3 3 1 0
Other 8 4 14 8 10 11 11 5 8 9
Commercial movements (a) 30,877 31,580 32,234 29,256 30,644 28,015 23,808 26,337 26,045 26,640
Commercial accident rate (b) 1.4 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.4 1.6 1.4 1.5
Fishing vessels 7 4 7 10 6 1 5 2 4 4
Collision 1 0 1 4 2 0 1 0 0 2
Capsizing 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Fire/Explosion 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Grounding 1 1 3 4 4 0 3 2 3 0
Striking 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 2 1 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other vessels 3 3 2 1 1 5 3 3 3 0
Collision 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 0
Capsizing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Grounding 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

  1. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2012 data are estimated.
  2. The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 5, Vessels lost by vessel category and age, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
All vessels 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22 24
0-4 years 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1
5-9 years 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1
10-14 years 4 0 2 2 3 2 5 1 1 3
15-19 years 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3 5
20-24 years 5 3 3 3 3 6 4 6 4 3
25-29 years 5 1 4 1 4 4 2 2 4 3
30+ years 10 4 3 13 10 9 7 4 7 5
Unknown 5 7 4 7 6 7 7 6 2 3
Commercial vessels 4 1 2 9 7 7 8 1 1 1
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
30+ years 2 1 1 7 5 3 3 0 1 1
Unknown 2 0 1 2 2 1 4 1 0 0
Fishing vessels 32 19 24 25 22 27 16 23 21 23
0-4 years 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1
5-9 years 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 1
10-14 years 4 0 2 2 3 2 4 1 1 3
15-19 years 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3 5
20-24 years 5 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 4 3
25-29 years 5 1 4 1 4 2 2 1 4 3
30+ years 7 3 2 6 4 6 4 4 6 4
Unknown 2 5 3 4 3 6 0 3 2 3
Other vessels 2 2 0 1 2 1 3 3 0 0
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
30+ years 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Unknown 1 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 0 0

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 6, Accidents, fatalities and injuries by accidents type, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 19 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8 16
Collision 2 1 4 0 0 1 3 2 0 0
Capsizing 3 8 6 6 4 8 2 1 0 4
Sinking/Foundering 2 6 1 1 3 5 4 2 0 2
Fire/Explosion 4 2 1 4 1 4 3 3 4 5
Grounding 2 0 0 3 0 3 2 1 2 2
Striking 5 2 5 2 3 1 4 2 2 3
Other 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 2 0 0
Shipping accidents fatalities (a) 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 4
Collision 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Capsizing 5 11 10 6 2 13 2 4 0 3
Sinking/Foundering 2 9 3 1 0 6 4 1 0 0
Fire/Explosion 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1
Grounding 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 1 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0
Shipping accidents injuries 35 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10 22
Collision 1 2 7 0 0 1 4 3 0 0
Capsizing 2 7 4 1 2 3 1 0 0 4
Sinking/Foundering 2 4 0 0 3 1 4 1 0 4
Fire/Explosion 4 6 1 6 9 5 3 5 3 7
Grounding 3 0 0 3 0 6 1 1 2 4
Striking 22 15 13 16 14 1 6 5 5 3
Other 1 3 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0
Accidents aboard ship 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 50
Accidents aboard ship fatalities (a) 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 8
Carried overboard 3 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 1 0
Caught by cargo/machinery 2 1 1 0 2 4 1 0 0 0
Fell overboard 3 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 5 1
Fell into tank/hold 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Fell on deck or off quay 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 1 1
Heavy weather 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 3 1 3 5 3 3 3 6 4
Accidents aboard ship injuries 60 44 40 53 52 50 47 66 30 44
Carried overboard 2 2 3 0 2 0 1 0 0 1
Caught by cargo/machinery 25 16 17 23 13 16 17 10 11 11
Fell overboard 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 3 2 0
Fell into tank/hold 3 0 0 0 5 2 1 1 2 3
Fell on deck or off quay 9 4 8 5 6 8 4 10 7 4
Heavy weather 2 1 0 0 0 2 3 1 0 1
Other 18 20 11 25 25 22 19 41 8 24

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

  1. Fatalities includes missing persons.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 7, Vessels, fatalities and injuries by vessel type, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Vessels involved in shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 19 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8 16
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 1
Tanker 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 2 1 0 5 3 1 0 0 3
Fishing 11 10 9 9 3 8 9 9 5 5
Passenger 3 1 1 1 0 2 4 1 0 1
Ferry 4 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 0 4
Other 1 6 3 2 0 6 5 2 2 2
Shipping accident fatalities (a) 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3 4
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 2
Tanker 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Fishing 8 13 11 8 1 10 7 7 2 1
Passenger 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0
Ferry 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 6 2 1 0 4 0 0 1 0
Shipping accident injuries 35 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10 22
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 2
Tanker 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 0 3 0 6 4 1 0 0 2
Fishing 10 8 8 5 2 2 7 9 4 7
Passenger 8 10 4 8 0 4 5 0 0 2
Ferry 17 7 9 8 20 1 1 2 0 6
Other 0 12 1 3 0 4 7 4 5 3
Vessels involved in accidents aboard ship 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 56 39 50
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 16 15 6 13 17 17 15 18 12 21
Tanker 3 1 2 5 2 2 1 1 2 2
Tug/Barge 4 3 5 4 7 8 5 5 3 0
Fishing 29 26 16 21 22 15 19 15 16 20
Passenger 0 0 5 2 4 6 3 5 4 1
Ferry 4 3 3 1 0 2 2 2 1 3
Other 12 2 9 4 10 9 8 10 1 3
Accident aboard ship fatalities (a) 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 13 8
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 1 1 2 2 5 0 1 1 2
Tanker 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
Fishing 6 3 4 2 6 4 4 4 10 5
Passenger 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Ferry 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
Other 0 1 1 0 3 1 2 0 0 0
Accident aboard ship injuries 60 44 40 53 52 50 47 66 30 44
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 18 14 5 18 16 14 15 32 11 21
Tanker 3 1 2 4 2 2 1 1 2 2
Tug/Barge 2 3 5 3 6 7 4 5 2 0
Fishing 23 23 12 19 16 11 15 11 8 15
Passenger 0 0 4 3 4 6 3 4 5 1
Ferry 2 2 3 1 0 2 1 3 1 2
Other 12 1 9 5 8 8 8 10 1 3
Data extracted February 1, 2013.
a. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.

Appendix B — Definitions

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Marine Occurrence

  1. any accident or incident associated with the operation of a shipFootnote 8 and
  2. any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph a) above.

The Act applies

  1. in Canada; and
  2. in any other place, including waters described in paragraph c), if
    1. Canada is requested to investigate the marine occurrence by an appropriate authority,
    2. the marine occurrence involves a ship registered or licensed in Canada, or
    3. a competent witness to, or person having information concerning a matter that may have contributed to, the marine occurrence arrives or is found at any place in Canada.
  3. This Act also applies in respect of marine occurrences related to an activity concerning the exploration or exploitation of the continental shelf.

Reportable Marine Accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft,Footnote 9 where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the ship or falling overboard from the ship, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the ship or its contents, or
  2. the ship
    1. sinks, founders or capsizes,
    2. is involved in a collision (which includes collisions, strikings and contacts),
    3. sustains a fire or an explosion,
    4. goes aground,
    5. sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose, or
    6. is missing or abandoned.

For statistical purposes, accidents defined in paragraph a) are classified as “Accidents Aboard Ship” and accidents defined in paragraph b) are classified as “Shipping Accidents.”

Reportable Marine Incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of a ship, other than a pleasure craft, where

  1. a person falls overboard from the ship;
  2. the ship, of 100 gross tons or more, unintentionally makes contact with the bottom without going aground;
  3. the ship fouls a utility cable or pipe, or underwater pipeline;
  4. the ship is involved in a risk of collision;
  5. the ship sustains a total failure of any machinery;
  6. the ship sustains a shifting of cargo or a loss of cargo overboard;
  7. the ship is intentionally grounded or beached to avoid an accident;
  8. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform the crew member’s duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  9. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the ship.

Vessels Covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel Categories

  • Commercial Vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, tankers, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.
  • Fishing Vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.
  • Other Vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Type of Vessel

Cargo: Ships designed for the carriage of various types and forms of cargo and the combined carriage of general cargo and passengers with 12 or less fare-paying passengers.

Bulk Carrier: Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore or other dry cargo.

OBO (Oil/Bulk/Ore Carrier): Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore with additional facilities for alternative, but not simultaneous, carriage of oil or loose dry cargo.

Tanker: Propelled ships designed and constructed for the bulk carriage of liquids.

Tug: Vessels designed for the towing and pushing of ships or other floating structures. Additional activity may include salvage, fire-fighting and work duties of a general nature.

Barge: Vessels designed as non-propelled units for the carriage of cargo in holds or in tanks or weather deck cargo space only for the carriage of non-perishable cargo, or specially outfitted for specific operations.

Ferry: Ships that follow a regular scheduled service of relatively short duration, designed for the carriage of passengers and vehicles. There is usually no cabin accommodation for passengers or not all passengers are accommodated in cabins where cabins are provided.

Passenger: Vessels designed for the carriage of passengers.

Fishing: Vessels designed for fishing operations and support.

Service: Vessels designed for supporting marine transportation such as icebreakers, buoy tenders, search and rescue vessels, pilot boats and fireboats.

Non-Commercial: Vessels designed to conduct non-commercial activities such as pleasure craft, seaplanes and naval vessels.

Other: Vessels designed for other functions such as laying and repair of sea-bed cables, dredging, training, patrolling as well as ships and platforms designed for the extraction, processing, and storage of oil/gas from offshore wells; ships designed for the carriage of stores and cargo to offshore installations; ships outfitted for support activities related to offshore oil and gas exploration; and vessels designed for research work such as seismic research, oceanic and hydrographic survey.

Type of Accident

Collision: An impact between two or more vessels under way.

Capsizing: To turn over.

Foundering: To fill from above the waterline and sink.

Sinking: To become submerged from water intake below the waterline and settle to the bottom.

Fire: Where a fire is the first event reported.

Explosion: Where an explosion is the first event reported.

Grounding: To touch bottom and remain stranded.

Striking: A hard impact with a stationary object or a vessel not under way.

Ice Damage: Damage sustained as a consequence of contact with ice.

Propeller Damage: Damage to a vessel propeller, propeller portion or propeller adjoining parts affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Rudder Damage: Damage to a vessel rudder or rudder adjoining parts affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Structural Damage: Hull damage, such as cracks and fractures, sustained by a vessel affecting its seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Flooding: To fill a compartment below the waterline with water admitted from the sea.

Other: Vessels lost or damaged for other reasons, including contact defined as a lateral/light impact with another vessel or an object (that is, bottom contact affecting a vessel’s seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose).

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel’s travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Under way: Vessel not at anchor or made fast to shore or aground.


Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine accident.

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Footnote 2

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

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Footnote 3

Oil/bulk/ore carrier (OBO), see Appendix B.

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Footnote 4

Source: Transport Canada Vessel Registration Query System, wwwapps.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/4/vrqs-srib

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Footnote 5

Source: Transport Canada.

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Footnote 6

The majority of vessels classified under “unknown tonnage” were vessels known to be 15 gross tons or less.

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Footnote 7

Refer to Appendix B for a definition of a reportable marine incident.

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Footnote 8

Ship includes:

  1. every description of vessel, boat or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for marine navigation without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and
  2. a dynamically supported craft.

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Footnote 9

Pleasure craft means a ship that is used for pleasure or recreation and does not carry goods or passengers for hire or reward.

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