Statistical Summary – Marine Occurrences 2011

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Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian maritime safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on marine occurrences. It covers commercial vessels, which include all vessels registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involve a commercial vessel.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when using these statistics. The 2011 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 16 February 2012.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the Statistical Summary, Marine Occurrences 2011, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.


Marine occurrences in 2011

Accidents

Overview of accidents and casualties (Tables 1 and 7)

In 2011, 322 marine accidents were reported to the TSB, down from the 2010 total of 354 and the 2006-2010 average of 420. Over the past 10 years, nearly 90% of marine accidents have been shipping accidents, while the remainder were accidents aboard ship (see Appendix B: Definitions).

Shipping accidents reached a 37-year low of 285 in 2011, a 5% decrease from the 2010 total of 299 and a 22% decrease from the 2006-2010 average of 364. Statistical analysis using linear regression indicates that there has been a significant downward trend1 in the number of shipping accidents since 2002 (p<0.001) (Figure 1). In 2011, there were 37 accidents aboard ship, down from 55 in 2010 and down from the 2006-2010 average of 56. The majority of accidents aboard ship occurred on fishing vessels (43%) and cargo/bulk carrier/OBO2 vessels (32%).

Figure 1 — Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2002-2011 [D]
Figure 1 - Accidents aboard ship and shipping accidents, 2002-2011

Marine-related fatalities totalled 15 in 2011 (Figure 2), down from the 2010 total of 18 and down from the 2006-2010 average of 19. In 2011, fishing vessel accidents accounted for 2 of the 3 shipping vessel accident fatalities and for 10 of the 12 accident aboard ship fatalities.

Injuries in 2011 totalled 40, down from 66 in 2010 and the 2006-2010 average of 72. Thirty of the 40 injuries (29 of the 31 serious injuries) resulted from accidents aboard ship.

Figure 2 - Marine fatalities and injuries, 2002-2011 [D]
Figure 2 - Marine Fatalities and Injuries, 2002-2011

Shipping accidents

Type of accidents (Table 1): As illustrated in Figure 3, the most frequent types of shipping accidents in 2011 were groundings (25%), strikings (19%) and fire/explosion accidents (18%). Groundings decreased by 27% from the five-year average, while strikings remained approximately the same and fire/explosion accidents decreased by 5%.

Figure 3 - Shipping accidents by accident Type [D]
Figure 3 - Shipping accidents by accident type

Type of vessels (Table 1): In 2011, there were 23 560 registered fishing vessels in Canada 3, representing 55% of all registered vessels excluding pleasure craft. Since 2002, 45% of the vessels involved in shipping accidents have been fishing vessels. In 2011, there were 121 fishing vessels involved in shipping accidents (Figure 4), compared to 136 in 2010 and the 2006-2010 average of 169. After fishing vessels, tugs/barges (14%) and bulk carriers/OBO vessels (11%) were involved most often in shipping accidents.

Figure 4 - Shipping accidents by vessel type [D]
Figure 4 - Shipping Accidents by Vessel Type

Geographical region (Tables 2a and 2b): In 2011, 75% of shipping accidents occurred in three of the seven geographical regions (Figure 5): the Western region (31%), the Maritimes region (23%) and the Laurentian region (21%). Shipping accidents decreased from the 2006-2010 average by 41% in the Central region and 36% in the Newfoundland region. The Central and Newfoundland regions accounted for 9% and 13% of shipping accidents respectively in 2011. Within the narrower waterways of the Central region, accidents most often involved larger commercial vessels such as cargo/bulk carrier/OBO vessels. The remaining 3% of shipping accidents took place in foreign waters (7) or in the Arctic region (1).

Fishing vessels accounted for 63% of all vessels involved in shipping accidents in the Maritimes region and 52% in the Newfoundland region. In that region, 22 fishing vessels were involved in shipping accidents, down 51% from the 2006-2010 average of 45.

Figure 5 - Shipping accidents by region [D]
Figure 5 - Shipping accidents by region

Vessel Flag (Tables 1, 3 and 4): In 2011, 85% of the 322 vessels involved in shipping accidents reported to the TSB were Canadian-flag vessels. In all, 43% of the Canadian-flag vessels were fishing vessels, 40% were commercial non-fishing vessels and the remaining 17% were non-commercial/pleasure craft or service vessels (Figure 6).

Figure 6 - Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents, 2002-2011 [D]
Figure 6 - Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents, 2002-2011

For Canadian-flag fishing vessels in 2011, groundings (37%) and fire/explosions (21%) were the most frequent shipping accident types. Canadian-flag commercial non-fishing vessels were mostly involved in strikings (35%), fire/explosions (17%), or groundings (16%). Marine activity 4 for Canadian commercial non-fishing vessels over 15 gross tons (grt) (excluding passenger vessels and cruise ships) decreased by 16% from the 2006-2010 average. This yields an accident rate of 4.1 accidents per 1000 movements, up from the five-year average of 3.9.

In 2011, 48 foreign-flag vessels were involved in shipping accidents in Canadian waters, 85% of which were commercial non-fishing vessels involved mainly in strikings (32%). Marine activity for foreign commercial non-fishing vessels decreased by 3% from the 2006-2010 average while the accident rate decreased to 1.4 accidents per 1000 movements from the five-year average of 1.8.

Vessels lost (Tables 1 and 6):In 2011, 22 vessels were reported lost, down from 27 in 2010 and the 2006-2010 average of 31. During the past 10 years, small fishing vessels (less than 15 gross tons [grt])5 have accounted for the largest proportion of vessels lost in Canada. Of the 22 vessels lost in 2011, 21 were fishing vessels. Half of the vessels lost were less than 15 grt, and 68% were 20 years or older.

Incidents

Overview of incidents (Tables 1, 2a and 2b)

Pursuant to mandatory reporting requirements, 221 marine incidents were reported to the TSB in 2011, down from the 2010 total of 235 and the 2006-2010 average of 251. The majority of reportable incidents consisted of engine/rudder/propeller failures. The Western region had the majority of both close-quarters situations (85%) and engine/rudder/propeller incidents (53%).

In 2011, incidents in the Western region represented 54% of all marine incidents. The proportion of marine incidents in other regions was as follows: Laurentian 25%, Central 13%, Maritimes 4% and Newfoundland 2%. Three reported incidents took place in foreign waters, and one occurred in the Arctic region.

In 2011, vessels most often involved in close-quarters situations were commercial vessels (88%) and fishing vessels (9%). In the majority of these incidents, the vessels involved were ferries, tugs, passenger vessels and cargo vessels.

Figure 7 - Marine incidents by type, 2011 [D]
Figure 7 - Marine incidents by type, 2011

Appendix A: Marine occurence tables

Table 1. Marine occurrences (types, vessels and losses involved), 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Accidents 485 549 492 490 472 460 420 394 354 322
Shipping accidents by type (a) 448 481 442 444 422 398 361 341 299 285
Collision 15 24 12 20 19 13 17 15 10 13
Capsizing 14 11 19 10 18 12 13 8 8 2
Foundering/Sinking 26 30 17 21 24 20 32 22 19 13
Fire/Explosion 53 65 51 69 55 49 62 53 54 52
Grounding 129 118 108 87 112 95 71 110 102 72
Striking 72 76 82 81 63 61 57 51 41 54
Ice damage 2 28 17 11 2 26 15 0 1 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 42 39 36 43 56 41 15 16 8 18
Flooding 52 49 63 59 46 49 45 34 23 24
Other 43 41 37 43 27 32 34 32 33 37
Accidents aboard ship 37 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 55 37
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by type of vessel 482 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 322
Cargo 20 18 21 19 30 25 18 22 18 20
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 58 48 52 70 60 56 49 53 43 34
Tanker 9 15 7 15 13 9 6 10 12 11
Tug 25 34 32 30 27 43 48 22 22 25
Barge 32 31 34 27 33 29 29 28 17 21
Ferry 21 25 20 26 26 25 30 25 20 24
Passenger 27 41 29 20 19 17 15 15 15 16
Fishing 238 260 227 237 208 190 173 140 136 121
Service vessel 18 27 25 20 22 25 25 34 22 22
Non-commercial 19 14 11 10 14 10 11 13 7 12
Other 15 13 13 17 9 7 6 14 9 16
Vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel flag 482 526 471 491 461 436 410 376 321 322
Canadian non-fishing vessels 192 216 193 185 190 192 196 178 136 157
Canadian fishing vessels 232 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134 117
Foreign vessels 58 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 51 48
Vessels lost by gross tonnage 32 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22
1600 gross tons and over 2 2 0 0 3 0 0 3 0 0
150 to 1599 gross tons 1 2 0 0 2 1 3 0 0 0
60 to 149 gross tons 4 8 5 6 7 8 4 5 4 2
15 to 59 gross tons 7 12 8 7 6 9 14 7 10 9
Less than 15 gross tons 12 12 3 9 13 10 11 6 8 10
Unknown tonnage 6 2 6 4 4 3 3 6 5 1
Fatalities 29 19 28 21 18 15 30 15 18 15
Shipping accidents 19 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3
Accidents aboard ship 10 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 12
Injuries 78 95 82 65 81 82 68 68 66 40
Shipping accidents 42 35 37 25 26 30 17 21 15 10
Accidents aboard ship 36 60 45 40 55 52 51 47 51 30
Reportable incidents by type (b) 195 251 269 260 235 260 276 247 235 221
Close-quarters situation 29 60 67 56 30 21 20 12 27 33
Engine/Rudder/Propeller 57 83 106 85 112 90 129 124 127 105
Cargo trouble 5 3 1 4 4 1 6 5 3 1
Personal incidents 8 14 9 4 12 21 10 9 13 6
Other 96 91 86 111 77 127 111 97 65 76
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
a. Due to changes in the application of reporting criteria by the TSB in 2009, some accidents formerly categorized as Ice damage are now categorized as Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada

Table 2a. Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region
(Western, Central, Laurentian and Maritimes regions), 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Western region                    
Shipping accidents 139 141 125 125 124 102 109 114 89 89
Accidents aboard ship 16 21 15 14 15 20 15 21 13 9
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 155 159 135 145 142 116 131 127 97 103
Cargo 2 5 3 2 9 3 3 9 5 4
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 1 4 7 3 3 2 4 5 0 2
Tanker 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 19 26 19 26 25 12 15 15 9 13
Tug/Barge 33 31 31 34 38 42 48 24 23 28
Fishing 78 76 65 69 51 43 54 49 48 39
Other 22 17 10 11 16 14 7 24 12 17
Vessels lost 13 11 6 8 15 11 10 8 5 3
Fatalities 11 6 8 7 6 8 9 6 6 5
Incidents 86 95 98 87 84 68 146 111 117 120
Central region                    
Shipping accidents 57 53 59 52 46 51 45 36 41 26
Accidents aboard ship 3 2 7 3 4 9 14 7 9 2
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 63 59 62 55 50 55 51 39 44 30
Cargo 5 2 11 3 3 6 4 0 7 3
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 25 15 22 29 25 21 23 19 16 10
Tanker 2 4 1 4 2 1 2 3 2 5
Ferry/Passenger 13 14 7 3 7 11 2 0 9 3
Tug/Barge 12 15 10 9 6 9 12 7 3 4
Fishing 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1
Other 4 8 9 6 5 6 7 9 5 4
Vessels lost 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 1 0
Fatalities 10 2 4 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
Incidents 28 23 25 32 33 45 28 34 43 28
Laurentian region                    
Shipping accidents 59 56 62 94 61 76 56 78 54 60
Accidents aboard ship 6 17 8 13 11 16 15 10 19 12
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 61 60 66 107 66 87 60 89 57 69
Cargo 6 3 5 11 11 11 7 10 4 7
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 21 19 17 32 17 20 14 25 19 14
Tanker 4 5 4 11 7 7 4 4 4 3
Ferry/Passenger 7 10 11 7 3 10 12 8 8 13
Tug/Barge 5 5 7 7 8 17 7 12 8 8
Fishing 13 13 15 25 15 15 9 20 9 15
Other 5 5 7 14 5 7 7 10 5 9
Vessels lost 3 6 1 2 0 2 0 3 1 2
Fatalities 2 2 4 2 2 0 3 2 2 1
Incidents 44 77 88 115 78 89 67 66 45 56
Maritimes region                    
Shipping accidents 121 129 101 95 100 64 77 64 70 65
Accidents aboard ship 5 13 8 7 11 8 6 10 2 3
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 128 138 108 104 107 66 88 71 75 70
Cargo 3 3 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 3
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 2 1 0 1 3 1 1 0 1 3
Tanker 2 3 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 2
Ferry/Passenger 5 11 7 7 5 5 9 7 1 7
Tug/Barge 3 6 4 4 4 0 2 2 4 3
Fishing 96 99 80 79 78 50 63 50 58 44
Other 17 15 17 11 14 8 13 9 11 8
Vessels lost 12 14 9 9 12 7 15 5 12 13
Fatalities 1 7 8 2 3 3 9 3 7 3
Incidents 26 35 28 16 21 18 16 16 7 8
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 2b. Details of occurrences, losses and vessels involved by region
(Newfoundland, Arctic region and Foreign waters), 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Newfoundland region                    
Shipping accidents 58 80 73 70 74 88 61 37 32 37
Accidents aboard ship 5 9 10 8 4 4 5 4 8 11
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 60 86 73 71 76 92 64 38 34 42
Cargo 3 0 1 1 6 3 3 1 2 3
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 2 3 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
Tanker 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 1
Ferry/Passenger 4 5 5 2 3 4 7 10 7 4
Tug/Barge 0 2 2 0 0 1 2 2 0 3
Fishing 48 71 64 62 60 81 45 20 19 22
Other 2 5 0 5 4 3 6 4 3 8
Vessels lost 1 7 6 6 6 11 8 8 6 4
Fatalities 5 0 3 9 6 2 6 3 1 6
Incidents 5 17 20 9 11 31 9 12 13 5
Arctic region                    
Shipping accidents 2 7 6 0 4 3 5 6 5 1
Accidents aboard ship 0 5 1 0 3 1 1 0 0 0
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 2 7 8 0 4 4 5 6 5 1
Cargo 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tanker 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0
Tug/Barge 2 0 2 0 1 0 2 3 0 0
Fishing 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other 0 3 5 0 1 3 1 3 1 1
Vessels lost 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
Fatalities 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Incidents 1 1 5 0 2 0 2 2 3 1
Foreign waters                    
Shipping accidents 12 15 16 8 13 14 8 6 8 7
Accidents aboard ship 2 1 1 1 2 4 3 1 4 0
Vessels involved in shipping accidents 13 17 19 9 16 16 11 6 9 7
Cargo 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 7 6 5 4 11 12 6 3 7 4
Tanker 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Ferry/Passenger 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 2 6 10 3 3 3 4 0 1 0
Fishing 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
Other 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 3
Vessels lost 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Fatalities 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0
Incidents 5 3 5 1 6 9 8 6 7 3
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 3. Canadian-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident (including commercial accident rate), 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Canadian-flag vessels involved 424 469 416 415 388 376 368 313 270 274
Commercial vessels 143 165 147 140 146 151 159 120 101 110
Collision 8 20 8 15 13 10 9 7 6 8
Capsizing 3 7 4 3 8 9 4 3 5 1
Foundering/Sinking 11 6 3 6 8 9 11 13 5 4
Fire/Explosion 14 20 17 24 18 15 21 12 14 19
Grounding 42 35 31 20 35 27 26 35 34 16
Striking 37 44 46 46 37 41 45 28 24 38
Ice damage 0 4 2 4 0 2 0 0 1 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 9 8 10 3 5 9 9 6 1 6
Flooding 5 4 9 7 11 6 22 6 0 0
Other 14 17 17 12 11 23 12 10 11 18
Commercial movements (a) 37,619 39,802 36,208 39,264 41,076 34,436 29,717 24,783 25,231 26,000
Commercial accident rate (b) 3.3 3.3 3.8 3.4 3.1 3.9 4.7 4.6 3.7 4.1
Fishing vessels 232 253 223 230 198 184 172 135 134 117
Collision 19 15 7 17 11 11 13 6 4 12
Capsizing 5 5 9 5 7 3 5 3 1 1
Foundering/Sinking 11 19 11 17 15 10 20 7 13 9
Fire/Explosion 28 38 28 31 22 22 35 26 28 24
Grounding 70 67 67 54 49 49 36 56 51 43
Striking 12 15 8 13 4 6 7 4 3 3
Ice damage 1 21 14 5 2 23 15 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 29 24 20 30 48 17 4 1 1 3
Flooding 41 39 50 46 31 39 24 20 19 19
Other 16 10 9 12 9 4 13 12 14 3
Other vessels 49 51 46 45 44 41 37 58 35 47
Collision 3 7 6 4 7 3 8 10 6 3
Capsizing 6 0 4 2 3 0 3 2 2 0
Foundering/Sinking 3 5 2 0 1 2 2 2 1 0
Fire/Explosion 7 7 4 9 8 8 4 10 6 6
Grounding 4 8 3 7 9 11 5 13 4 6
Striking 14 13 7 10 9 9 5 7 5 12
Ice damage 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 3
Flooding 3 2 3 2 2 3 0 4 1 4
Other 8 6 15 8 4 3 8 9 9 13
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
a. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2011 data are estimated.
b. The accident rate is the number of Canadian-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more (excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 4. Foreign-flag vessels involved in shipping accidents by vessel category and type of accident (including commercial accident rates), 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Foreign-flag vessels involved 58 57 55 76 73 60 42 63 51 48
Commercial vessels 49 47 48 67 62 53 36 55 46 41
Collision 0 5 3 4 6 0 2 6 2 3
Capsizing 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 4 0 2 5 7 5 3 4 5 4
Grounding 12 8 6 3 18 8 7 7 12 6
Striking 19 18 26 31 20 15 12 16 14 13
Ice damage 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 3 5 4 7 2 13 0 8 5 6
Flooding 2 2 0 2 1 1 0 3 3 1
Other 8 8 4 14 8 10 11 11 5 8
Commercial movements (a) 31,442 30,877 31,580 32,234 29,256 30,644 28,015 23,808 26,269 26,700
Commercial accident rate (b) 1.5 1.4 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3 2.3 1.6 1.4
Fishing vessels 6 7 4 7 10 6 1 5 2 4
Collision 0 1 0 1 4 2 0 1 0 0
Capsizing 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Grounding 4 1 1 3 4 4 0 3 2 3
Striking 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 1 2 1 2 1 0 0 1 0 0
Other 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other vessels 3 3 3 2 1 1 5 3 3 3
Collision 1 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1
Capsizing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foundering/Sinking 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fire/Explosion 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Grounding 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
Striking 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Ice damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propeller/Rudder/Structural damage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
a. Based on data from Transport Canada. 2011 data are estimated.
b. The accident rate is the number of foreign-flag commercial vessels of 15 gross tons or more excluding passenger vessels and fishing vessels) involved in shipping accidents per 1000 vessel movements.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 5. Vessels lost by vessel category and age, 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
All vessels 32 38 22 26 35 31 35 27 27 22
0-4 years 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0
5-9 years 4 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1
10-14 years 3 4 0 2 2 3 2 5 1 1
15-19 years 1 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3
20-24 years 2 5 3 3 3 3 6 4 6 4
25-29 years 3 5 1 4 1 4 4 2 2 4
30+ years 9 10 4 3 13 10 9 7 4 7
Unknown 9 5 7 4 7 6 7 7 6 2
Commercial vessels 8 4 1 2 9 7 7 8 1 1
0-4 years 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
30+ years 3 2 1 1 7 5 3 3 0 1
Unknown 4 2 0 1 2 2 1 4 1 0
Fishing vessels 20 32 19 24 25 22 27 16 23 21
0-4 years 0 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 0
5-9 years 4 2 2 1 4 1 5 2 5 1
10-14 years 3 4 0 2 2 3 2 4 1 1
15-19 years 1 5 3 7 3 3 2 0 2 3
20-24 years 2 5 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 4
25-29 years 3 5 1 4 1 4 2 2 1 4
30+ years 3 7 3 2 6 4 6 4 4 6
Unknown 4 2 5 3 4 3 6 0 3 2
Other vessels 4 2 2 0 1 2 1 3 3 0
0-4 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5-9 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10-14 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-19 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20-24 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
25-29 years 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
30+ years 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Unknown 1 1 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 0
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 6. Accidents, fatalities and injuries by accidents type, 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 24 19 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8
Collision 3 2 1 4 0 0 1 3 2 0
Capsizing 4 3 8 6 6 4 8 2 1 0
Sinking/Foundering 3 2 6 1 1 3 5 4 2 0
Fire/Explosion 5 4 2 1 4 1 4 3 3 4
Grounding 4 2 0 0 3 0 3 2 1 2
Striking 4 5 2 5 2 3 1 4 2 2
Other 1 1 2 0 0 1 0 2 2 0
Shipping accidents fatalities (a) 19 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3
Collision 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Capsizing 10 5 11 10 6 2 13 2 4 0
Sinking/Foundering 7 2 9 3 1 0 6 4 1 0
Fire/Explosion 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Grounding 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 0 1
Striking 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0
Shipping accidents injuries 42 35 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10
Collision 4 1 2 7 0 0 1 4 3 0
Capsizing 0 2 7 4 1 2 3 1 0 0
Sinking/Foundering 4 2 4 0 0 3 1 4 1 0
Fire/Explosion 7 4 6 1 6 9 5 3 5 3
Grounding 10 3 0 0 3 0 6 1 1 2
Striking 16 22 15 13 16 14 1 6 5 5
Other 1 1 3 0 0 1 0 2 0 0
Accidents aboard ship 37 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 55 37
Accidents aboard ship fatalities (a) 10 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 12
Carried overboard 0 3 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 1
Caught by cargo/machinery 1 2 1 1 0 2 4 1 0 0
Fell overboard 3 3 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 5
Fell into tank/hold 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Fell on deck or off quay 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0
Heavy weather 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 6 1 3 1 3 5 3 3 3 6
Accidents aboard ship injuries 36 60 44 40 53 52 50 47 50 29
Carried overboard 2 2 2 3 0 2 0 1 0 0
Caught by cargo/machinery 11 25 16 17 23 13 16 17 10 11
Fell overboard 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 3 2
Fell into tank/hold 1 3 0 0 0 5 2 1 1 2
Fell on deck or off quay 7 9 4 8 5 6 8 4 10 7
Heavy weather 0 2 1 0 0 0 2 3 1 0
Other 13 18 20 11 25 25 22 19 25 7
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
a. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada
Table 7. Vessels, fatalities and injuries by vessel type, 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Vessels involved in shipping accidents with fatalities or injuries 25 19 21 17 16 12 22 20 13 8
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1
Tanker 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 3 0 2 1 0 5 3 1 0 0
Fishing 13 11 10 9 9 3 8 9 9 5
Passenger 2 3 1 1 1 0 2 4 1 0
Ferry 2 4 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 0
Other 5 1 6 3 2 0 6 5 2 2
Shipping accident fatalities (a) 19 9 22 13 12 3 19 7 11 3
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tanker 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 1 0 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Fishing 9 8 13 11 8 1 10 7 7 2
Passenger 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0
Ferry 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Other 5 1 6 2 1 0 4 0 0 1
Shipping accident injuries 42 35 37 25 26 29 17 21 15 10
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 1
Tanker 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 6 0 0 3 0 6 4 1 0 0
Fishing 18 10 8 8 5 2 2 7 9 4
Passenger 1 8 10 4 8 0 4 5 0 0
Ferry 14 17 7 9 8 20 1 1 2 0
Other 3 0 12 1 3 0 4 7 4 5
Vessels involved in accidents aboard ship 37 68 50 46 50 62 59 53 55 37
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 9 16 15 6 13 17 17 15 17 12
Tanker 0 3 1 2 5 2 2 1 1 2
Tug/Barge 4 4 3 5 4 7 8 5 5 2
Fishing 14 29 26 16 21 22 15 19 15 16
Passenger 2 0 0 5 2 4 6 3 5 4
Ferry 4 4 3 3 1 0 2 2 2 0
Other 4 12 2 9 4 10 9 8 10 1
Accident aboard ship fatalities (a) 10 10 6 8 6 12 11 8 7 12
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 1 0 1 1 2 2 5 0 1 1
Tanker 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Tug/Barge 0 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
Fishing 6 6 3 4 2 6 4 4 4 10
Passenger 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
Ferry 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Other 2 0 1 1 0 3 1 2 0 0
Accident aboard ship injuries 36 60 44 40 53 52 50 47 50 29
Cargo/Bulk carrier/Ore-bulk-oil (OBO) carrier 9 18 14 5 18 16 14 15 16 11
Tanker 0 3 1 2 4 2 2 1 1 2
Tug/Barge 5 2 3 5 3 6 7 4 5 2
Fishing 14 23 23 12 19 16 11 15 11 8
Passenger 2 0 0 4 3 4 6 3 4 5
Ferry 4 2 2 3 1 0 2 1 3 0
Other 2 12 1 9 5 8 8 8 10 1
Data extracted February 16, 2012.
a. Fatalities includes missing persons.
Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada

Appendix B: Definitions

The following definitions apply to marine occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.

Marine occurrence

  1. any accident or incident associated with the operation of a ship4 and
  2. any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph a) above.

The Act applies

  1. in Canada; and
  2. in any other place, including waters described in paragraph c), if
    1. Canada is requested to investigate the marine occurrence by an appropriate authority,
    2. the marine occurrence involves a ship registered or licensed in Canada, or
    3. a competent witness to, or person having information concerning a matter that may have contributed to, the marine occurrence arrives or is found at any place in Canada.
  3. This Act also applies in respect of marine occurrences related to an activity concerning the exploration or exploitation of the continental shelf.

Reportable marine accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of a ship other than a pleasure craft,5 where

  1. a person sustains a serious injury or is killed as a result of
    1. being on board the ship or falling overboard from the ship, or
    2. coming into contact with any part of the ship or its contents, or
  2. the ship
    1. sinks, founders or capsizes,
    2. is involved in a collision (which includes collisions, strikings and contacts),
    3. sustains a fire or an explosion,
    4. goes aground,
    5. sustains damage that affects its seaworthiness or renders it unfit for its purpose, or
    6. is missing or abandoned.

For statistical purposes, accidents defined in paragraph a) are classified as "Accidents Aboard Ship" and accidents defined in paragraph b) are classified as "Shipping Accidents."

Reportable marine incident

An incident resulting directly from the operation of a ship, other than a pleasure craft, where

  1. a person falls overboard from the ship;
  2. the ship, of 100 gross tons or more, unintentionally makes contact with the bottom without going aground;
  3. the ship fouls a utility cable or pipe, or underwater pipeline;
  4. the ship is involved in a risk of collision;
  5. the ship sustains a total failure of any machinery;
  6. the ship sustains a shifting of cargo or a loss of cargo overboard;
  7. the ship is intentionally grounded or beached to avoid an accident;
  8. any crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the ship is unable to perform the crew member's duties as a result of a physical incapacitation that poses a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment; or
  9. any dangerous goods are released on board or from the ship.

Vessels covered

This report covers commercial vessels that include all vessels either registered or licensed to operate commercially. Pleasure craft occurrences are not normally included unless they also involved a commercial vessel.

Vessel categories

  • Commercial vessels: include cargo vessels, ferries, tankers, passenger vessels, tugs and barges.
  • Fishing vessels: include vessels involved in commercial fishing.
  • Other vessels: include research vessels, oil exploration, exploitation and support vessels, government vessels and pleasure craft.

Type of vessel

Cargo: Ships designed for the carriage of various types and forms of cargo and the combined carriage of general cargo and passengers with 12 or less fare-paying passengers.

Bulk carrier: Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore or other dry cargo.

OBO (Oil/Bulk/Ore Carrier): Ships specifically designed for bulk carriage of ore with additional facilities for alternative, but not simultaneous, carriage of oil or loose dry cargo.

Tanker: Propelled ships designed and constructed for the bulk carriage of liquids.

Tug: Vessels designed for the towing and pushing of ships or other floating structures. Additional activity may include salvage, fire-fighting and work duties of a general nature.

Barge: Vessels designed as non-propelled units for the carriage of cargo in holds or in tanks or weather deck cargo space only for the carriage of non-perishable cargo, or specially outfitted for specific operations.

Ferry: Ships that follow a regular scheduled service of relatively short duration, designed for the carriage of passengers and vehicles. There is usually no cabin accommodation for passengers or not all passengers are accommodated in cabins where cabins are provided.

Passenger: Vessels designed for the carriage of passengers.

Fishing: Vessels designed for fishing operations and support.

Service: Vessels designed for supporting marine transportation such as icebreakers, buoy tenders, search and rescue vessels, pilot boats and fireboats.

Non-commercial: Vessels designed to conduct non-commercial activities such as pleasure craft, seaplanes and naval vessels.

Other: Vessels designed for other functions such as laying and repair of sea-bed cables, dredging, training, patrolling as well as ships and platforms designed for the extraction, processing, and storage of oil/gas from offshore wells; ships designed for the carriage of stores and cargo to offshore installations; ships outfitted for support activities related to offshore oil and gas exploration; and vessels designed for research work such as seismic research, oceanic and hydrographic survey.

Type of Accident

Collision: An impact between two or more vessels under way.

Capsizing: To turn over.

Foundering: To fill from above the waterline and sink.

Sinking: To become submerged from water intake below the waterline and settle to the bottom.

Fire: Where a fire is the first event reported.

Explosion: Where an explosion is the first event reported.

Grounding: To touch bottom and remain stranded.

Striking: A hard impact with a stationary object or a vessel not under way.

Ice damage: Damage sustained as a consequence of contact with ice.

Propeller damage: Damage to a vessel propeller, propeller portion or propeller adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Rudder damage: Damage to a vessel rudder or rudder adjoining parts affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Structural damage: Hull damage, such as cracks and fractures, sustained by a vessel affecting its seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose.

Flooding: To fill a compartment below the waterline with water admitted from the sea.

Other: Vessels lost or damaged for other reasons, including contact defined as a lateral/light impact with another vessel or an object (that is, bottom contact affecting a vessel's seaworthiness or rendering the vessel unfit for its purpose).

Miscellaneous

Gross tons (grt): A measure of vessel capacity in cubic feet of the spaces within the hull, and of enclosed spaces above deck available for cargo, stores, fuel, passengers and crew, with certain exclusions. One hundred cubic feet is equivalent to one gross ton.

Movement: A vessel's travel segment between ports with at least one port being a domestic port.

Under way: Vessel not at anchor or made fast to shore or aground.

Appendix C: Regional limits

Appendix C - Regional Limits


  1. It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<0.05). 
  2. Oil/bulk/ore carrier (OBO), see Appendix B
  3. Source: Transport Canada. 
  4. Source: Transport Canada. 
  5. The majority of vessels classified under “unknown tonnage” were vessels known to be 15 gross tons or less.