Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2012

Foreword

This document provides users of Canadian aviation safety data with an annual summary of selected statistics on aviation occurrences.

Users of these statistics are advised that, in a live database, the occurrence data are constantly being updated. Consequently, the statistics can change slightly over time. Further, as many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Therefore, caution should be used when utilizing these statistics. The 2012 statistics presented here reflect the TSB database updated as of 1 February 2013.

To enhance awareness and increase the safety value of the material presented in the TSB Statistical Summary, Aviation Occurrences 2012, readers are encouraged to copy or reprint the data presented, in whole or in part, for further distribution (with acknowledgements of the source).

The TSB is an independent agency operating under its own Act of Parliament. Its sole aim is the advancement of transportation safety.


Aviation occurrences in 2012

Accidents

Overview of Accidents and Fatalities (Tables 1, 2, 3a, 3b and 6)

In 2012, a total of 290 aviation accidents were reported to the TSB, a 13% increase from the 2011 total of 257 but comparable to the 5-year average of 292. Of the total, 239 involved Canadian-registered aircraft (excluding ultra-lights)Footnote 1, a 4% increase from 2011 (Figure 1), but a 5% decrease from the 5-year average of 252.

The 2012 estimate of flying activity is 4,278,000 hours, and the accident rate for Canadian-registered aircraft remained unchanged from the 2011 accident rate of 5.4 accidents per 100 000 flying hours. Analysis using linear regression indicates a statistically significant downward trend in accident rates (p < .01)Footnote 2 over the 10-year period from 2003 to 2012. However, the 2012 accident rate of 4.2 accidents per 100 000 aircraft movements increased from the 2011 rate of 4.0  accidents per 100 000 aircraft movements, although that rate also trended significantly downward (p < .05) over the same 10-year period.

The 239 accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft included 193 accidents involving aeroplanesFootnote 3 (45 accidents involved commercially operated aeroplanes) and 40 accidents involving helicopters. The remaining 6 accidents involved balloons, gliders or gyrocopters.

Figure 1 - Accidents and accident rates [D]

Figure 1 — Accidents and accident rates, 2003–2012

(Click to view larger image)

Of the 45 accidents involving commercial aeroplanes (5 airliners, 5 commuter aircraft, 20 air taxi and 15 aerial work) in 2012 (Figure 2), 6 resulted in fatalities.   Three fatal accidents involved air taxis, 2 fatal accidents involved aerial work, and one fatal accident involved a commuter aircraft.

A total of 143 accidents involved private/other aeroplanes, 2% lower than the 5-year average of 146. In 2012, 19 such accidents resulted in fatalities, up from 2011, and up 5 from the 5-year average of 14.

Figure 2 - Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by aircraft type [D]

Figure 2 — Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by aircraft type, 2012

(Click to view larger image)

In 2012, 33 fatal accidents involved Canadian-registered aircraft other than ultra-lights (Figure 3), slightly higher than last year’s total of 30 and the 5-year average of 30. The number of fatalities (54) was lower than the 5-year average (58), and the number of serious injuries (40) was unchanged from the 5-year average (40).

In 2012, for all reportable accidents, crew fatalities accounted for 63% of aircraft fatalities, passenger fatalities accounted for 35%, and ground fatalities accounted for 2%.

Figure 3 - Fatalities and fatal accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 3 — Fatalities and fatal accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

One accident involved an aeroplane operated by the state (that is, operated by a federal or provincial government) in 2012, with no fatalities.

In 2012, 40 accidents involved helicopters, yielding a 9% increase from the 5-year average of 37. Seven of those accidents were fatal, resulting in 9 fatalities. Over the past 10 years, the highest proportion of helicopter accidents occurred during air transport operations (39%), pleasure/travel (14%), and training (8%).

In 2012, 36 accidents in Canada involved ultra-light aircraft, a 28% increase from the 5-year average of 28.  Eight of these were fatal accidents resulting in 8 fatalities.

In 2012, 16 accidents involved foreign-registered aircraft in Canada, with 1 fatal accident resulting in 1 fatality.

Accidents by Selected Categories

Province (Table 8): In 2012, Quebec and Ontario accounted for 24% and 23% respectively of Canadian-registered aircraft accidents, and British Columbia accounted for 19%, all approximately proportional to the number of registered aircraft in those provinces. In most provinces except for British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon, the total  Canadian-registered aircraft accidents were lower than the 5-year average (Figure 4).

Figure 4 - Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by province, 2012 [D]

Figure 4 — Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, by province, 2012

(Click to view larger image)

Accident Events and Phases (Tables 11 and 12): Accidents may be analyzed in more detail by examining the nature and distribution of selected events contributing to an occurrence. Table 11 and table 12 show counts of accidents involving selected event types within each phase of flight.

Although a single accident may involve more than one event within a phase, that accident is only counted once in the phase total. Therefore, the total of events within a phase will not sum to phase event totals.  For example, in the "take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both  "loss of control " and "power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total. In addition, approximately 5% of aeroplane accidents and 25% of helicopter accidents involve events in more than one phase of flight (not including "post-impact"), so the accidents shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6 sum to more than the total of accidents.

In 2012, the distribution was similar to that of 2011. The greatest numbers of aeroplane accidents were associated with landing (57%) and take-off (28%) phases of flight, followed by en route (17%) and approach (9%) phases. The greatest numbers of helicopter accidents were associated with landing (33%) and manoeuveringFootnote 4 (30%) phases of flight, followed by en route (23%) and approach (18%) phases.

Figure 5 - Aeroplane accidents by event phase of flight, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 5 - Aeroplane accidents by event phase of flight, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

Figure 6 - Helicopter accidents by event phase of flight, 2003-2012 [D]

Figure 6 - Helicopter accidents by event phase of flight, 2003-2012

(Click to view larger image)

From 2003 to 2012, of the 1221 aeroplane accidents with landing phase events, 26% involved missing or going off the runway, 23% involved collision with object, 18% involved landing gear collapse or retraction, and 18% involved a nosedown or overturning event. Of the 500 aeroplane accidents with take-off phase events, 31% involved collision with terrain, 29% involved loss of control, and 29% involved collision with object. This distribution was very similar to that of 2011.

Collision with terrain was the predominant event in fatal aeroplane accidents from 2003 to 2012. Collision with terrain was involved in 63% of the 52 fatal aeroplane accidents with takeoff phase events, 63% of 89 fatal aeroplane accidents with en route phase events, 68% of 28 fatal aeroplane accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 72% of 50 fatal aeroplane accidents with approach phase events, and 48% of 29 fatal aeroplane accidents with landing phase events.

From 2003 to 2012, of the 162 helicopter accidents with landing phase events, 29% involved a hard landing, 22% involved collision with terrain, 20% involved loss of control, and 20% involved a collision with object. Of the 110 helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 45% involved collision with terrain, 26% involved loss of control, and 24% involved collision with object.

Collision with terrain was also the predominant event in fatal helicopter accidents from 2003 to 2012. Collision with terrain was involved in 8 of 11 fatal helicopter accidents with takeoff phase events, 21 of 30 fatal helicopter accidents with en route phase events, 15 of 22 fatal helicopter accidents with manoeuvering phase events, 4 of 10 fatal helicopter accidents with approach phase events, and 6 of 9 fatal helicopter accidents with landing phase events.

Operation Type (Table 6): In 2012, aeroplane accidents occurred mainly on recreational flights (56%), followed by air transport (15%) and training flights (14%). Helicopter accidents occurred mainly on air transport flights (23%) and recreational flights (20%).

Incidents

Overview of Incidents (Tables 1, 9 and 10)

Pursuant to TSB mandatory incident reporting requirements, 636 incidents were reported in 2012, 530 of which involved Canadian-registered aircraft. This is a 6% decrease from the 2011 total of 677 and a 21% decrease from the 5-year average of 808. Analysis using linear regression indicates a statistically significant downward trend in incidents (p < .05) over the 10 year period from 2003 to 2012.

In 2012, the most frequent incident types involving all Canadian-registered and foreign-registered aircraft were declared emergency (41%), risk of collision or loss of separation (16%), and engine failure (14%) (Figure 7).

Figure 7 - Reportable incidents by type, 2012 [D]

Figure 7 — Reportable incidents by type, 2012

(Click to view larger image)


Appendices

Appendix A: Aviation occurrence tables

Table 1, Reportable aviation occurrences, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents 373 308 306 303 323 294 297 288 257 290
Accidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 335 279 283 278 300 274 271 273 240 267
Accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 7 9 7 11 13 7 11 1 7 8
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 31 21 18 14 10 15 15 14 10 16
Accidents by operator type 373 308 306 303 323 294 297 288 257 290
Commercial 106 87 94 105 98 95 74 86 77 72
Airliner (705) 7 3 4 7 4 6 2 6 6 5
Commuter (704) 9 1 7 4 4 5 6 7 6 5
Air taxi (703) 45 58 56 63 53 64 44 44 37 34
Aerial work (702) 41 21 26 30 34 19 20 28 27 25
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 4 4 2 1 4 2 2 1 1 4
State 8 4 2 4 2 5 4 5 2 4
Corporate 4 6 10 3 10 4 6 2 7 6
Private/Other operator type (b) 257 213 201 191 213 191 215 195 172 208
Accidents by aircraft type 373 308 306 303 323 294 297 288 257 290
Aeroplane 271 221 218 216 243 208 223 220 201 206
Helicopter 44 41 50 56 46 44 33 31 36 40
Ultra-light 47 37 31 28 30 29 35 30 17 36
Other aircraft type (c) 11 9 8 4 5 13 7 7 3 8
Number of aircraft involved in accidentsNote * 376 314 314 311 327 300 303 290 261 295
Aeroplanes 273 225 224 223 245 214 228 222 204 210
Helicopters 44 42 51 56 47 44 33 31 36 41
Ultra-lights 47 38 31 28 30 29 35 30 17 36
Other aircraft type (c) 12 9 8 4 5 13 7 7 4 8
Fatal accidents by aircraft type 45 33 44 34 38 38 34 36 35 42
Aeroplane 32 20 27 24 25 16 21 28 23 25
Helicopter 3 5 10 9 6 9 8 3 8 7
Ultra-light 7 6 5 1 5 12 4 3 3 8
Other aircraft type (c) 3 2 2 0 2 1 1 2 1 2
Fatalities 76 57 69 55 56 64 71 70 67 63
Serious injuries 61 37 61 53 65 50 45 36 44 50
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 31 21 18 14 10 15 15 14 10 16
Fatal accidents 6 3 6 2 0 0 2 2 2 1
Fatalities 8 10 10 2 0 0 2 2 2 1
Serious injuries 4 3 15 1 2 5 3 1 1 4
Incidents (d) 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Incidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 577 645 571 580 622 651 590 583 520 481
Incidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 100 89 79 78 69 78 66 83 55 49
Incidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 135 164 184 188 224 194 155 188 127 128
Incidents by type (d) 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 142 216 174 168 168 172 153 206 120 101
Declared emergency 279 264 222 260 298 314 312 310 275 260
Engine failure 122 134 139 130 129 120 106 87 95 90
Smoke/Fire 96 90 99 102 123 107 97 81 88 71
Collision 16 21 12 21 13 8 9 4 7 5
Other incident type 127 140 150 126 143 166 111 127 92 109

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in accidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are accident counts.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
  4. Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 2, Occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 295 252 259 262 284 252 249 244 230 239
Aeroplane accidents 240 203 203 202 234 197 210 209 192 193
Commercial 68 53 57 54 58 63 54 57 49 45
Airliner (705) 7 3 4 7 4 6 2 6 5 5
Commuter (704) 9 1 6 4 4 5 5 6 4 5
Air taxi (703) 35 41 33 30 39 41 36 28 26 20
Aerial work (702) 17 8 14 13 11 12 10 17 14 15
Other commercial type 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
State 3 2 1 4 1 3 2 3 2 2
Corporate 2 4 6 2 7 4 4 2 4 3
Private/Other operator type (b) 169 145 139 142 168 127 152 147 138 143
Helicopter accidents 44 40 49 56 45 42 32 29 35 40
Commercial 35 31 35 50 34 28 19 27 26 27
State 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Corporate 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 1 1
Private/Other operator type (b) 7 8 13 6 7 14 12 2 8 10
Other aircraft type (c) 11 9 8 4 5 13 7 6 3 6
Fatal accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 32 24 34 31 33 26 28 31 30 33
Aeroplane accidents 26 18 22 22 25 16 20 27 21 25
Commercial 8 3 9 6 7 3 5 12 10 6
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
Air taxi (703) 5 3 6 5 5 3 5 7 6 3
Aerial work (702) 3 0 2 1 1 0 0 4 2 2
Other commercial type 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 15 13 15 17 11 15 15 11 19
Helicopter accidents 3 4 10 9 6 9 7 3 8 7
Other aircraft type (c) 3 2 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 1
Fatalities (a) 59 37 55 52 50 51 64 64 62 54
Serious injuries (a) 42 27 37 40 56 40 34 31 38 40
Incidents by type (d) 677 734 650 658 691 729 656 666 575 530
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 124 182 150 150 152 149 137 179 105 92
Declared emergency 229 204 152 184 186 235 236 238 224 200
Engine failure 104 118 116 106 108 98 93 67 87 77
Smoke/Fire 82 81 85 86 106 90 84 70 67 59
Collision 16 21 8 18 9 7 7 3 7 4
Other incident type 122 128 139 114 130 150 99 109 85 98
Accidents involving ultra-light aircraft 47 36 31 28 30 29 34 30 17 36
Fatal accidents 7 6 5 1 5 12 4 3 3 8
Fatalities 9 10 6 1 6 13 5 4 3 8
Serious injuries 15 7 9 12 7 5 8 4 5 6

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Number of accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultra-lights.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e. flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
  4. Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 3a, Accident rates involving Canadian-registered aircraft (per hours flown, excluding ultra-lights and other aircraft types), 2003-2012
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents 284 243 251 258 279 239 242 238 227 233
Fatal accidents 29 22 32 31 31 25 27 30 29 32
Fatalities 56 35 52 52 47 50 63 63 60 53
Hours flown (thousands) (a) 3,575 3,751 3,753 3,917 4,198 4,236 3,859 3,982 4,178 4,278
Accidents per 100,000 hours 7.9 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.6 5.6 6.3 6.0 5.4 5.4
Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7
Fatalities per 100,000 hours 1.6 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultra-lights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

  1. Source: Transport Canada (2011 and 2012 hours flown are estimated).

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 3b, Aircraft accident rates in Canada (per movements, excluding ultra-lights and other aircraft types), 2003-2012
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents 308 253 260 261 277 245 246 250 230 238
Fatal accidents 34 23 36 29 30 21 28 31 30 31
Fatalities 63 43 59 49 44 43 64 64 61 52
Aircraft movements (thousands) (a) 5,908 5,732 5,730 5,842 6,300 6,339 6,033 5,883 5,720 5,715
Accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 5.2 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.2
Fatal accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Fatalities per 100,000 aircraft movements 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Excluding ultra-lights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

  1. Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Tables 401-0008, 401-0015, 401-0021).

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 4, Aircraft accident fatalities, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Fatalities 76 57 69 55 56 64 71 70 67 63
Fatalities in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 67 45 60 48 53 57 67 68 64 61
Fatalities outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 1 2 1 5 3 7 2 0 1 1
Fatalities in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 8 10 10 2 0 0 2 2 2 1
Fatalities by operator type 76 57 69 55 56 64 71 70 67 63
Commercial 21 25 26 28 19 25 36 36 38 17
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 2 0 1 0 17 1 2 1
Air taxi (703) 15 18 17 18 10 20 18 28 16 12
Aerial work (702) 6 0 7 10 9 5 1 7 8 3
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
State 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Corporate 0 0 1 0 1 7 0 0 2 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 51 32 42 26 36 32 35 34 27 45
Crew fatalities by operator type 43 37 44 32 37 35 35 39 37 40
Commercial 11 11 15 12 12 8 10 17 18 10
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 1 2 0
Air taxi (703) 5 4 9 5 7 6 7 11 7 7
Aerial work (702) 6 0 4 7 6 2 1 5 5 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
State 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Corporate 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 2 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 31 26 28 19 24 25 25 22 17 29
Passenger fatalities by operator type 33 20 25 22 19 28 36 30 29 22
Commercial 10 14 11 15 7 16 26 18 20 6
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 0 0 1 0 15 0 0 1
Air taxi (703) 10 14 8 12 3 14 11 16 9 5
Aerial work (702) 0 0 3 3 3 2 0 2 3 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 20 6 14 7 12 7 10 12 9 16
Ground fatalities 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1
Fatalities by aircraft type 76 57 69 55 56 64 71 70 67 63
Aeroplane 58 40 45 42 39 34 38 57 47 44
Helicopter 6 5 15 12 8 16 27 7 15 9
Ultra-light 9 10 6 1 6 13 5 4 3 8
Other aircraft type (c) 3 2 3 0 3 1 1 2 2 2

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 5, Aircraft accident serious injuries, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Serious injuries 61 37 61 53 65 50 45 36 44 50
Serious injuries in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 55 34 45 51 61 45 41 35 34 41
Serious injuries outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 0 9 5
Serious injuries in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 4 3 15 1 2 5 3 1 1 4
Serious injuries by operator type 61 37 61 53 65 50 45 36 44 50
Commercial 20 14 24 20 30 24 11 16 26 20
Airliner (705) 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 10 1
Commuter (704) 7 0 0 0 1 2 1 4 2 2
Air taxi (703) 7 10 4 16 15 18 6 7 9 15
Aerial work (702) 5 2 7 2 14 3 3 4 5 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 2 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
State 0 0 1 2 3 0 2 1 0 0
Corporate 0 0 4 0 1 0 3 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 41 23 33 31 31 26 29 19 18 30
Crew serious injuries by operator type 41 26 37 28 30 25 26 22 18 25
Commercial 12 8 11 9 10 11 5 6 6 5
Airliner (705) 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 2
Air taxi (703) 4 4 2 6 3 9 2 2 2 1
Aerial work (702) 5 2 6 2 6 2 3 3 4 1
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
State 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
Corporate 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 29 18 23 18 19 14 18 15 12 20
Passenger serious injuries by operator type 16 9 22 23 32 25 19 13 25 24
Commercial 7 5 11 10 20 13 6 10 19 14
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 10 0
Commuter (704) 4 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 2 0
Air taxi (703) 3 5 1 9 12 9 4 5 7 14
Aerial work (702) 0 0 0 0 8 1 0 1 0 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 9 4 10 12 9 12 11 3 6 10
Ground serious injuries 4 2 2 2 3 0 0 1 1 1
Serious injuries by aircraft type 61 37 61 53 65 50 45 36 44 50
Aeroplane 38 20 41 28 32 29 24 28 31 33
Helicopter 7 6 10 9 13 14 11 3 8 7
Ultra-light 15 8 9 12 7 5 8 4 5 6
Other aircraft type (c) 1 3 2 4 13 2 2 1 0 4

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Serious injuries by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a serious injury is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 6, Accidents involving Canadian-registered aeroplanes and helicopters by operation type, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Aeroplane accidents by operation type 240 203 203 202 234 197 210 209 192 193
Training 34 25 16 33 33 30 43 28 28 27
Pleasure/Travel 122 118 116 96 118 83 109 108 102 109
Business 8 4 6 8 15 7 4 6 7 4
Forest fire management 2 3 2 4 0 1 3 2 1 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 5 7 5 6 8 4 0 6 4 4
Aerial application 13 3 6 8 8 9 4 10 4 4
Inspection 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
Air transport 42 35 35 37 40 46 34 37 35 28
Air ambulance 1 2 1 3 2 3 5 2 1 1
Sightseeing 4 0 2 3 1 2 2 1 2 6
Other/Unknown 10 6 14 5 9 11 8 9 10 9
Aeroplane fatal accidents by operation type 26 18 22 22 25 16 20 27 21 25
Training 3 4 0 4 3 0 1 1 1 1
Pleasure/Travel 15 10 12 11 10 8 13 14 10 16
Business 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1
Forest fire management 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 0 0 1 1 4 1 0 0 0 1
Aerial application 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Inspection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Air transport 4 3 7 5 4 3 4 7 8 4
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Other/Unknown 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 2 1 3
Helicopter accidents by operation type 44 40 49 56 45 42 32 29 35 40
Training 6 4 3 2 3 6 5 0 2 1
Pleasure/Travel 1 5 11 4 4 9 5 2 9 8
Business 1 0 1 0 5 0 3 0 0 3
Forest fire management 6 4 1 3 0 0 4 1 2 1
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 0 2 0 2 3 0 0 1 1 0
Aerial application 2 1 2 0 2 1 0 3 1 4
Inspection 4 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 2 2
Air transport 11 15 19 29 16 22 10 15 13 9
Air ambulance 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Other/Unknown 13 7 11 15 12 3 4 6 5 10
Fatal helicopter accidents by operation type 3 4 10 9 6 9 7 3 8 7
Training 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
Pleasure/Travel 0 1 5 0 0 3 2 0 2 0
Business 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Forest fire management 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Aerial application 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inspection 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Air transport 0 2 3 2 3 4 3 2 1 1
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Other/Unknown 2 0 1 4 2 2 0 0 1 3

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Airplane accidents by operation type", when an occurrence involves a Business and an Inspection airplane, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 7, Aircraft accidents by province/territory, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents by province/territory 373 308 306 303 323 294 297 288 257 290
Newfoundland and Labrador 12 5 5 4 6 7 3 3 3 5
Prince Edward Island 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 5 0 2 4 6 3 7 5 5
New Brunswick 1 8 6 3 8 1 2 5 3 3
Quebec 67 55 64 56 72 58 68 65 58 71
Ontario 115 92 73 60 81 69 74 71 63 67
Manitoba 32 12 19 21 18 27 19 27 17 18
Saskatchewan 20 13 15 19 23 19 14 18 18 8
Alberta 40 33 34 44 32 33 31 25 22 35
British Columbia 65 60 70 64 46 44 59 47 43 54
Yukon 6 7 5 4 7 7 4 3 8 8
Northwest Territories 4 7 5 5 8 8 6 9 6 5
Nunavut 1 2 2 8 5 8 2 7 4 3
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 7 9 7 11 13 7 11 1 7 8
Fatal accidents by province/territory 45 33 44 34 38 38 34 36 35 42
Newfoundland and Labrador 3 1 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Quebec 10 6 10 4 6 5 10 9 5 10
Ontario 14 6 7 4 6 7 6 9 6 10
Manitoba 0 2 2 0 3 1 0 1 1 3
Saskatchewan 1 2 1 4 5 0 2 0 3 1
Alberta 5 2 5 6 3 8 1 2 4 6
British Columbia 10 8 16 9 10 10 8 7 10 9
Yukon 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1
Northwest Territories 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 3 2 0
Nunavut 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 2 1 4 1 4 2 0 1 1
Fatalities by province/territory 76 57 69 55 56 64 71 70 67 63
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 1 2 0 1 0 18 2 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 8 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0
Quebec 15 7 14 7 7 7 16 26 9 11
Ontario 30 22 11 6 7 8 12 14 9 19
Manitoba 0 2 2 0 5 1 0 1 1 4
Saskatchewan 1 2 2 4 6 0 4 0 8 5
Alberta 7 2 8 9 5 12 1 4 5 6
British Columbia 16 8 28 16 17 26 14 15 16 15
Yukon 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1
Northwest Territories 0 2 0 6 3 2 2 3 4 0
Nunavut 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 12 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 2 1 5 3 7 2 0 1 1

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 8, Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft by province/territory (excluding ultra-lights), 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Accidents by province/territory 295 252 259 262 284 252 249 244 230 239
Newfoundland and Labrador 9 5 5 3 5 5 3 3 3 5
Prince Edward Island 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 3 0 0 3 2 1 7 3 3
New Brunswick 1 5 5 2 7 1 2 4 3 3
Quebec 55 44 56 48 61 50 60 52 52 52
Ontario 80 71 57 52 71 62 61 55 56 54
Manitoba 28 12 18 17 17 24 19 25 16 15
Saskatchewan 16 13 13 18 21 18 12 18 17 8
Alberta 34 29 28 41 31 28 28 24 18 30
British Columbia 54 46 59 53 36 33 44 38 39 46
Yukon 4 6 3 4 6 7 2 3 7 7
Northwest Territories 4 7 5 5 8 8 5 8 6 5
Nunavut 1 2 2 8 5 7 1 6 3 3
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 7 9 7 11 13 7 10 1 7 8
Fatal accidents by province/territory 32 24 34 31 33 26 28 31 30 33
Newfoundland and Labrador 2 1 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Quebec 5 4 9 3 4 4 8 8 5 4
Ontario 11 2 6 4 6 4 5 8 4 9
Manitoba 0 2 2 0 3 1 0 1 1 3
Saskatchewan 1 2 0 3 4 0 1 0 3 1
Alberta 3 2 2 6 3 4 1 2 3 5
British Columbia 8 6 12 9 9 6 8 5 9 8
Yukon 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
Northwest Territories 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 2 2 0
Nunavut 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 2 1 4 1 4 1 0 1 1
Fatalities by province/territory 59 37 55 52 50 51 64 64 62 54
Newfoundland and Labrador 3 1 2 0 1 0 18 2 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Quebec 9 4 12 6 5 6 14 25 9 5
Ontario 27 14 10 6 7 4 11 12 7 18
Manitoba 0 2 2 0 5 1 0 1 1 4
Saskatchewan 1 2 0 3 5 0 2 0 8 5
Alberta 4 2 4 9 5 8 1 4 4 5
British Columbia 13 6 23 16 15 22 14 13 15 14
Yukon 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
Northwest Territories 0 2 0 6 3 2 2 2 4 0
Nunavut 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 12 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 1 2 1 5 3 7 1 0 1 1

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 9, Reportable aircraft incidents, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Incidents by type 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 142 216 174 168 168 172 153 206 120 101
Declared emergency 279 264 222 260 298 314 312 310 275 260
Engine failure 122 134 139 130 129 120 106 87 95 90
Smoke/Fire 96 90 99 102 123 107 97 81 88 71
Collision 16 21 12 21 13 8 9 4 7 5
Control difficulties 41 43 44 41 41 39 24 32 31 33
Crew unable to perform duties 49 55 67 57 65 78 59 50 26 40
Dangerous goods-related 2 0 1 2 3 1 3 1 0 1
Depressurization 21 9 14 9 13 17 6 11 16 15
Fuel shortage 6 13 10 6 8 7 4 9 6 7
Failure to remain in landing area 3 11 11 7 9 18 9 14 11 10
Incorrect fuel 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Slung load released 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 9 1 1
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 2 1 0 1 0 3 1 1 2
Incidents by operator type 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Commercial 736 819 732 773 823 857 749 776 637 598
Airliner (705) 524 578 488 528 563 590 498 520 447 409
Commuter (704) 68 91 89 80 75 94 87 85 75 78
Air taxi (703) 34 37 39 52 25 36 43 31 29 26
Aerial work (702) 33 38 22 20 20 24 31 26 15 11
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 121 144 151 165 196 181 138 170 111 110
State 26 29 28 21 29 17 24 26 14 21
Corporate 34 34 45 30 43 21 29 20 22 20
Private/Other operator type (b) 19 37 40 31 24 33 26 31 25 21
Incidents by aircraft type 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Aeroplane 758 845 779 787 854 870 770 790 659 624
Helicopter 30 28 20 29 22 19 21 33 20 17
Ultra-light/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
Number of aircraft involved in incidentsNote * 907 1038 956 974 1031 1052 914 979 779 733
Aeroplanes 876 1008 935 942 1009 1032 891 945 759 716
Helicopters 31 30 20 30 22 19 22 33 20 17
Ultra-light/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 0
Incidents by province/territory 782 865 796 807 874 887 788 815 677 636
Newfoundland and Labrador 16 19 25 24 19 21 16 30 14 17
Prince Edward Island 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 0 1 0
Nova Scotia 18 23 14 17 26 20 18 25 19 17
New Brunswick 5 10 11 14 17 12 5 10 7 7
Quebec 104 85 123 101 127 127 97 109 126 107
Ontario 240 248 220 244 264 273 194 176 178 155
Manitoba 46 53 39 43 52 59 46 51 31 31
Saskatchewan 23 22 14 20 19 28 18 19 11 18
Alberta 99 118 108 111 79 89 106 84 82 81
British Columbia 99 142 93 83 133 120 162 156 76 101
Yukon 3 4 3 5 4 4 6 4 3 4
Northwest Territories 18 28 27 25 27 27 14 21 30 17
Nunavut 8 12 16 10 14 17 8 21 19 19
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 1 10 23 30 23 10 30 26 25 13
Outside Canada 101 89 79 78 69 78 66 83 55 49

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.

  1. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 10, Reportable incidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Incidents by type 677 734 650 658 691 729 656 666 575 530
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 124 182 150 150 152 149 137 179 105 92
Declared emergency 229 204 152 184 186 235 236 238 224 200
Engine failure 104 118 116 106 108 98 93 67 87 77
Smoke/Fire 82 81 85 86 106 90 84 70 67 59
Collision 16 21 8 18 9 7 7 3 7 4
Control difficulties 41 41 41 31 38 32 18 24 27 31
Crew unable to perform duties 48 51 67 56 63 76 57 49 26 38
Dangerous goods-related 2 0 1 2 3 1 3 1 0 1
Depressurization 17 7 12 9 11 15 3 10 15 13
Fuel shortage 6 10 5 6 4 4 4 6 5 4
Failure to remain in landing area 3 10 10 6 7 16 8 9 10 9
Incorrect fuel 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Slung load released 4 5 1 3 3 5 3 9 1 1
Transmission or gearbox failure 1 2 1 0 1 0 3 1 1 1
Incidents by operator type 677 734 650 658 691 729 656 666 575 530
Commercial 636 700 604 635 660 704 625 636 546 501
Airliner (705) 520 578 487 524 563 586 494 519 445 409
Commuter (704) 68 91 89 79 75 94 87 85 75 78
Air taxi (703) 34 37 39 52 25 36 43 30 29 25
Aerial work (702) 33 38 22 20 17 24 30 26 15 11
Other commercial type (a) 25 25 24 31 36 32 19 31 22 14
State 26 27 25 20 28 16 21 22 14 18
Corporate 29 26 29 21 23 17 21 17 13 15
Private/Other operator type (b) 16 31 34 27 22 31 25 28 21 18
Incidents by aircraft type 677 734 650 658 691 729 656 666 575 530
Aeroplane 653 715 633 638 673 712 638 642 557 519
Helicopter 30 27 20 29 20 19 21 32 20 16
Ultra-light/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
Number of aircraft involved in incidentsNote * 786 886 785 803 833 874 772 812 668 619
Aeroplanes 755 857 764 771 813 854 749 779 648 603
Helicopters 31 29 20 30 20 19 22 32 20 16
Ultra-light/Other aircraft type (c) 0 0 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 0
Incidents by province/territory 677 734 650 658 691 729 656 666 575 530
Newfoundland and Labrador 9 10 14 13 10 13 7 13 10 10
Prince Edward Island 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 12 18 7 12 17 12 13 19 14 9
New Brunswick 3 10 7 9 12 7 3 8 5 7
Quebec 85 66 98 79 90 96 77 90 104 84
Ontario 205 211 175 198 202 222 167 141 148 127
Manitoba 40 43 31 35 43 49 40 45 30 30
Saskatchewan 18 19 11 19 16 26 16 15 11 14
Alberta 88 105 95 99 67 76 92 74 76 75
British Columbia 87 122 85 72 120 103 141 134 68 87
Yukon 3 2 2 3 4 2 6 3 3 3
Northwest Territories 18 27 25 21 27 27 14 19 30 17
Nunavut 8 9 14 10 9 14 7 17 16 15
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 2 7 8 5 3 6 5 5 3
Outside Canada 100 89 79 78 69 78 66 83 55 49

Data extracted February 1, 2013.

Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.

Reportable incidents include aeroplanes having a maximum certificated take-off weight (MCTOW) greater than 5700 kg, and rotorcraft having a MCTOW greater than 2250 kg.

Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.

* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.

  1. The commerial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
  2. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
  3. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 11, Number of accidents involving aeroplanes by phase of flight and selected event category, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Standing/Taxiing 25 16 21 20 16 13 20 17 18 17 183
Collision with object 9 5 8 8 6 6 9 6 6 7 70
Collision with moving aircraft 1 1 1 4 2 4 3 1 1 2 20
Nosedown/Overturned 6 4 2 1 0 1 1 4 3 3 25
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 3 1 2 1 1 0 4 2 3 0 17
Loss of control 2 2 0 2 1 0 1 3 0 3 14
Other events 16 8 14 11 10 6 9 8 10 9 101
Take-off 55 57 50 48 51 40 49 54 41 55 500
Collision with terrain 20 11 22 18 10 10 14 15 11 22 153
Loss of control 18 16 18 14 12 7 15 15 12 17 144
Collision with object 13 16 11 18 17 14 16 14 10 17 146
Take-off/Landing event 12 21 10 10 16 5 13 13 13 19 132
Power loss 12 11 12 9 14 14 12 14 11 6 115
Other events 24 43 25 19 26 20 22 27 22 23 251
En route 49 25 34 41 29 34 40 31 31 32 346
Power loss 25 11 14 18 11 18 25 13 14 15 164
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 15 6 8 6 6 14 9 11 13 9 97
Collision with terrain 8 6 8 16 6 5 10 8 8 8 83
Component/System related 9 4 7 5 9 4 8 6 5 6 63
Other events 22 13 14 21 15 13 18 18 15 13 162
Manoeuvering 13 9 17 11 12 12 3 11 12 9 109
Collision with terrain 7 2 10 4 8 3 2 5 6 7 54
Loss of control 4 4 3 1 5 3 1 3 1 4 29
Collision with object 4 3 2 4 2 4 0 7 2 1 29
Power loss 2 0 5 0 0 4 1 1 3 0 16
Other events 4 5 6 5 4 6 1 3 8 2 44
Approach 35 32 31 25 28 29 30 28 22 17 277
Collision with terrain 15 9 14 5 5 8 12 11 7 6 92
Power loss 6 5 9 9 6 8 7 7 2 0 59
Collision with object 8 4 5 4 9 8 3 6 8 1 56
Component/System related 3 8 5 3 6 6 9 2 5 3 50
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 7 7 4 5 1 6 4 5 3 1 43
Loss of control 9 7 3 4 3 5 3 6 3 3 46
Other events 10 11 16 6 13 4 13 9 6 10 98
Landing 148 133 105 116 149 114 121 112 113 110 1221
Missed or went off runway 38 35 37 27 39 21 29 29 30 33 318
Collision with object 44 24 23 30 32 21 23 25 28 26 276
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 26 23 7 16 30 28 18 26 23 22 219
Nosedown/Overturned 24 30 17 21 26 25 22 18 18 20 221
Loss of control 27 29 18 14 25 16 23 20 16 27 215
Hard landing 21 18 11 20 35 16 18 23 22 19 203
Collision with terrain 25 29 20 10 21 19 15 18 16 17 190
Wheels-up landing 11 14 6 5 12 8 12 7 3 7 85
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 16 5 5 8 6 5 11 5 3 9 73
Other events 48 33 40 45 39 32 34 40 44 33 388
Post-impact 20 18 20 12 13 13 12 20 10 16 154
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 12 8 13 7 8 9 8 15 6 5 91
Other events 9 11 7 5 6 5 5 5 4 11 68

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Table 12, Number of accidents involving helicopters by phase of flight and selected event category, 2003-2012
  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total
Standing/Taxiing 2 8 9 6 4 3 3 0 6 4 45
Collision with terrain 1 1 1 2 1 0 1 0 2 1 10
Loss of control 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 2 0 8
Collision with object 0 0 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 6
Other events 2 7 8 5 2 2 3 0 5 4 38
Take-off 5 7 10 11 7 7 4 2 7 6 66
Loss of control 2 3 4 7 4 4 1 1 4 1 31
Collision with terrain 2 3 3 6 2 3 2 2 3 0 26
Collision with object 1 1 2 2 1 0 1 1 0 4 13
Power loss 1 0 1 2 0 1 1 0 2 0 8
Other events 2 5 5 5 4 6 1 1 1 1 31
En route 7 7 8 12 12 11 11 7 10 9 94
Collision with terrain 1 2 4 5 6 6 3 3 3 2 35
Power loss 3 3 2 6 4 4 5 3 2 3 35
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 3 2 3 3 3 2 1 1 2 3 23
Component/System related 0 2 3 2 0 2 1 1 3 2 16
Other events 4 5 4 3 5 8 5 3 5 4 46
Manoeuvering 13 13 11 14 13 9 7 9 9 12 110
Collision with terrain 2 8 7 5 5 4 3 3 6 6 49
Loss of control 3 3 5 0 7 2 3 2 2 2 29
Collision with object 1 4 0 7 1 2 2 4 2 3 26
Operations related event 3 4 1 4 4 1 1 1 2 1 22
Power loss 6 3 1 0 2 2 2 2 0 2 20
Other events 6 5 4 8 7 5 5 4 1 5 50
Approach 7 2 6 2 4 3 5 4 6 7 46
Collision with terrain 0 2 2 1 1 2 3 4 1 1 17
Power loss 1 0 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 8
Loss of control 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 9
Collision with object 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 5
Other events 6 1 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 5 28
Landing 24 15 19 21 16 17 15 15 7 13 162
Hard landing 8 3 2 9 5 6 2 4 4 4 47
Collision with terrain 6 0 5 3 1 5 5 4 2 4 35
Loss of control 4 6 5 4 2 6 2 1 1 1 32
Collision with object 3 3 4 5 4 3 4 4 0 2 32
Other events 15 8 8 7 9 4 9 7 2 5 74
Post-impact 5 4 9 4 4 3 4 4 4 2 43
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 3 2 7 3 3 2 3 1 2 1 27
Other events 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 16

Source: Transportation Safety Board of Canada.


Footnotes

Footnote 1

Ultra-light accidents will be presented separately in all subsequent discussion of occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

As some occurrences involve more than one aircraft, readers are cautioned to note differences between the number of occurrences and the number of aircraft involved in occurrences. All tables except Table 1 exclude ultra-light aircraft; all tables except Tables 1 and 4 also exclude balloons, gliders and gyrocopters.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Manoeuvering (i.e., low altitude/aerobatic flight operations) does not occur on all flights.

Return to footnote 4 referrer