Aviation Investigation Report A98H0003
1.14.6 Integrated Firefighting Measures
At the time of the SR 111 occurrence, the aviation industry had not looked at in-flight firefighting in a systemic way. Typically, aircraft crews were not equipped to recognize and immediately react to signs of a potential in-flight fire. An effective firefighting plan must include procedures that include the optimum involvement of flight and cabin crew to detect, locate, access, assess, and suppress an in-flight fire in a coherent and coordinated manner. When smoke from an unknown source is detected, pilots must take immediate action to prepare for a landing as soon as possible along with other appropriate checklist actions. Such preparations optimally would involve the pilots and underscores the importance of involving other crew members in helping to deal with detection and suppression of the fire or potential fire situation.
In the event that the aircraft is at a geographical location from which a timely landing at a suitable airport is not feasible, pilots must be trained to consider alternatives, such as preparing for a potential forced landing or ditching. In such a circumstance, the capability to locate and extinguish the fire is critical. Typically, aircraft crews are not trained to implement such immediate measures.
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